This scale includes four items (e.g., ‘In general, I consider myself’) using a 7-point Likert-type scale ranging from 1 (less happy) to 7 (more happy). This measure shows high degree of internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha ranged from .79 to .94) as well good test-retest reliability (e.g., after 1 month, r = .90) on adult sample (Lyubomirsky & Lepper 1999). It is a reliable (a = .85) (Tkach & Lyubomirsky 2006) measure of happiness, and shows convergent and discriminant validity (Lyubomirsky & Lepper 1999). In sequence to adapt the questions to adolescent level, questions 3 and 4 were slightly modified (Holder, Coleman & Wallace,
Return on Equity ratio points at the company’s efficiency and earnings performance. In the case of Barry Callebaut, the Excel graph shows a slight fluctuation of the ratios in different years. According to Investopedia.com and Readyratios.com, the 12-20% is usually considered by analysts as a good investment quality, whereas Barry Callebaut is currently 0,36% below the lower threshold. Nevertheless, the ratio has been over 13% from 2013 till 1015, which shows that the company efficiently employs its
According to World Bank data, the average resolution period in India is 4.3 years, which is very high as compared to 6 months in Japan, 8 months in Canada and Singapore and 1 year in UK and USA. The new code reduces the amount of time taken considerably to 180 with a one-time extension of 90 days. Currently, India has the lowest debt recovery
Ibbotson (1975) found an average initial performance of IPO of 11.4% using sample in 1960s. On other hand, with IPO listing on 1975, 1959 and 1963, Stoll and Curley (1970) found an average underpricing of as high as 75%. From 1977 to 1982, the IPO was discounted for 16.3%, but has increased to 48.4% during the following 15 months period of 1980 to 1981 (Ritter, 1980). Ritter categorized the former as “cold issue” market, while the latter as “hot issue” market. Ritter and Welch (2002) continued the study by covering 1980 to 2001 and discovered an average of 18.8% of positive return of IPO in their first trading day.
It was considered to better mirror the degree of hardship in created nations contrasted with the HDI. In 2010 it was supplanted by the UN's Multidimensional Poverty Index. The HPI focuses on the hardship in the three vital components of human life effectively reflected in the HDI: life span, learning and a conventional way of life. The HPI is inferred independently to develop nations (HPI-1) and a gathering of select high-wage OECD nations (HPI-2) to better reflect financial contrasts furthermore the generally distinctive measures of hardship in the two gatherings. For developing countries (HPI-1) The Human Development Reports site outlines this as "A composite file measuring hardships in the three fundamental measurements caught in the human improvement list — a long and sound life, information and a not too bad way of life."
They found that FDI had positive impacts on host countries’ economic growth in situations where it came with technology and knowledge transfers. Taking into consideration countries’ governance, FDI and economic growth, Yosra, et al (2014) built a sample of 17 Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries over the period 1996-2011 using the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) on a dynamic panel. They found a positive and significant impact of FDI on growth. Similarly, using time series analysis to conduct a study involving 11 developing countries from East Asia and Latin America during a varying period between 1957 and 1997, Zhang (2001) also found that FDI has a positive effect on growth but contended that the magnitude of this effect depends on the host country’s characteristics (liberalized trade policy, level of education, macroeconomic stability). Studying 18 Latin American countries between 1970 and 1999 using panel data analysis, Bengoa et al.
Introduction: The question is; are enough measures being put in place to control the increasing population of the world and of South Africa in particular? This paper will outline two third world countries and two first world countries measures they are putting in place to control population growth and compare them to South Africa. Also it will state the ethical issues in both third and first world countries where population control is being implemented and the possible issues which could arise. A personal statement will also be included at the end. World Population In 1990 the world population, according to The World Bank, was approximately 5.2 billion people.
et. Al (2008) use data from 1980-2004 with observing 195 panel data they find the positive effects of workers remittance and the input on economic growth in the developing country. They find as other many literature positive impact adding the variable polity (politics) more democratic countries get more score and autocratic gets less score does raise the rate of economic growth after a period. Senbeta (2013) tries to present the effect and the source of economic growth by the remittance with using 50 countries panel data. Senbeta present two findings in one hand remittance have positive relationship and effects with economic growth and in another hand they find no significant impact on total factor productivity.
This number also explains that the program implementation reaches the target around 6, 2, and 1 percent for each type of program. It is higher than World Bank (2012b) reported using Susenas data 2009. In 2009, the program covered the poorest 20 percent of households (4.0 percent of primary