Human Growth Index: The Human Development Index In South Africa

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The Human Development Index is a tool that was established by the United Nations to rank and measure countries’ stages of economic and social development. This is done in a way that is based on four criteria: GNI per capita, life expectancy, expected years of schooling and mean years of schooling. The HDI was created to highlight that the people and their capabilities also contribute on what kind of country it is and that economic growth is not the only indicator of a good country.

South Africa’s position in regards to the HDI indicators
South Africa, from 2013, stands at position #118 out of #187 countries and territories. South Africa’s Human Development value, as from 2013, is 0.658, which is in the medium human development category thus their position. With reference to the Human Development indicators, the life expectancy at birth in 1980 was 56.9, the expected years of schooling was 11.1, the mean years of schooling was 4.8 and the GNI per capita was $9,756. The indicators left South Africa with an HDI value of 0.569. From that value to 0.658, it is quite clear that there was improvement and South Africa is actually above the 0.614 average for countries in the medium development group and also above the 0.502 mark for countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. The country is undoubtedly making great progress because since between 1980 and 2013, South Africa’s HDI value increased by 15.6% and the mean years on schooling increased by 5.1 years, expected years of schooling

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