Psychoanalytic Theory In Counselling

1759 Words8 Pages
TMA 01
It is extremely difficult to isolate one's values and sense of self in counselling as it is a part of human nature, however, sterile counseling may occur if the counsellor lacks ample understanding in his role in the relationship and merely become technical experts for the client.

Psychoanalytic therapy and Person Centered Therapy are two therapies that promote the self awareness of the client which results in empowering the client to improve their lives. For both therapies, the approach and method to desired outcome are distinctive as each of them are heavily influenced by different sets of values and perceptions.

Psychoanalytic theory is founded by Freud who views human nature as deterministic, as he believes our behavior
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helping the client to understand the process of the therapy. Its aim is to enable the client to gain insights to the problems, gain more control of their lives (Corey, 2013). Due to Freud's pessimism on human nature, there is a huge power distance.in the transference relationship as the counsellor is taking the directive approach. Based on his idea that humans behavior is predetermined during childhood, it can be said that humans have no potential for change thus they are unable to help themselves. In the event when a client comes to see a counsellor, the counsellor will have the greater advantage as he is skilled and train in interpreting problems. This gives the counsellor the right to lead or direct the way for the client since counsellors are the ones who know…show more content…
Being non-directive does not equate to being passive and "getting out of the client's way" in the assumption of letting the client to be self-directing. This misconception had let to considerable failure in counseling (Carl Rogers, 2012). The lack of involvement with the client will leave them rejected and disappointed as they could not get the support that they desperately need from the counsellor (Carl Rogers, 2012) and may lead to sterile counseling.

Thus, it is important for counsellors to understand what the underlying values are and purpose behind this approach and determine if these values are in sync with their personal values so as to function their roles more effectively. The role of clients being in charge of their lives and the counsellor facilitating by the side are reflections of Roger's optimistic beliefs of human
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