Machiavelli’s advice is there for the people who hold power and exposes the truth in human nature. However, although Machiavelli opens up the honesty of humanity; he teaches that there are a lot of people who are not good, so one must also learn to not be good. The thing that is wrong with this is that evil does not combat with evil. Evil can not conquer evil, good conquers. Therefore, The Prince explores the reality of human nature as self-interested and wicked.
Government laws are necessary for our communities because if people do not agree with the government, it does not mean government decision are incorrect. In “Civil Disobedience,” Thoreau talks about government and points out the flaws in the government system. On the other hand, in “ The Grapes of Wrath,” Steinbeck talk on the birth of civilization from physical and governmental issues. Although, many cases Thoreau and Steinbeck perspectives on government contradicts with each other however they both share similar thoughts about self-government. In contrast, Thoreau begins his essay by criticizing the government system, and he believed that government is ineffective because of the stringent and barbarous laws.
The more shameful option would be doing injustice because it is morally wrong to cause injustice. Socrates would rather suffer from injustice for the sole reason of not being shameful. This a turning point of the people welcoming injustice as they would realize that their actions have effects not only to the sufferer but to themselves. In an event where suffering and doing injustice has happened, two types of pain are inflicted on both sides. The sufferer would feel the unjust pain that was given to them.
Schemmel In the book Flowers for Algernon Charlie is really dumb, but he wants really badly or not. The doctors in the story help him become smart by running tests on him. The doctor's ethics were questioned when they tested Charlie for his good reason, or their own. Ethics are not about religion , not about following the law, and not about feelings. Ethics are what society accepts.
When Fowler says: “God save us always... from the innocent and the good.” (Greene, 1955, p.12), he means that sometimes innocent and naïve people do the harm and become evil, in a way. Pyle is young and his main problem is the lack of life experience, unlike Fowler who is very mature and preserved. His lack of experience is one of the main flaws which make him an intolerable and narrow-minded person. Burns (2007) adds that a lot of analysts have noticed that Pyle and Fowler display “the classic dichotomy of innocence and experience”. Pyle does not want to do harm, he has good intentions, but he does not know how to execute his actions appropriately.
The “Book of Job” from the Old Testament also shows the ignorance that is apparent in the world as common people tend to stick to what they know. While the “Book of Job” focuses on an allegorical story of learning to live in the fear of God, it also shows the importance of understanding the complexity of life. People live in ignorance, because our leaders live in ignorance. For the people to move toward a better future of understanding and prosperity, leaders should be wise and articulate in the subject of philosophy. Plato argues for the idea of philosopher kings as he mentions in The Republic, from which the “Allegory of the Cave” comes from.
Blaming God, blaming another person, blaming yourself. Hefling discusses why humans always mess things up which additionally takes some of the blame. Humans allow evil to occur in their lives by accepting that evil will always get the best of them in the end. Hefling also examines human habit, that can take the blame for their shortcomings. He argues that habits become second nature which leads to the questioning of one’s responsibility for their actions.
According to John Locke, an effective government must respect its people’s natural rights, which he argues is necessary because he believes that people have the ability to reason and are inherently good to govern themselves. Because the boys fail to implement this key governing component, they face the consequence of complete chaos and anarchy, which leads to multiple deaths. In John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government, he mentions the idea that “Governments exist by the consent of the people in order to protect the rights of the people and promote the public good, governments that fail to do so can be resisted and replaced with new governments.” [Locke]. Since he says that “governments exist by the consent of the people”, he is saying that
Legalism stressed the importance of law and order above all other matters. Many of the doctrines and beliefs of Legalism were formed from the ideas of Han Fei, who was actually the disciple of the Confucian philosopher Xun Zi. Xun Zi had lost faith in the Confucian belief in the inherent good of man after seeing the constant political and social turmoil of his time. He and his disciples took the realization of man’s true nature to heart and decided that there needed to be something to control the rampant self interest of man, and they decided that the way would be through a system of laws. While Confucians believe that the nature of man is inherently good, Legalists believe that the nature of man is very susceptible to bad intentions.
“There are two kinds of pride, both good and bad. ‘Good pride’ represents our dignity and self-respect. ‘Bad pride’ is the deadly sin of superiority that reeks of conceit and arrogance.” John C. Maxwell, enlightens the reader about the faces of pride. One is beautiful and the other is ugly. This quote relates to the story “The Scarlet Ibis” by James Hurst because the narrator learns that pride isn’t always a good trait to have, it can harm the people you love.
In this paper, I will argue that the main goal in the Confucian Religion regarding afterlife is to essentially focus on the present. I will explain how Chun-tzu, Tao, and the Tao of Pooh all support the ideology that life is meant to be cherished, with afterlife not being the ultimate goal to one’s mind. Chinese culture is heavily influenced by the ethical and social dimensions of Chun-tzu, a goal that is more important than afterlife. Chun-tzu is the ideal person in Chinese culture, he/she is superior and a gentle. “From the perspective of Confucian ethics, learning to becoming an exemplary, autonomous moral agent, chun-tzu, is a and unceasing process of cultivation” that does not end until one is dead.