Human Psychology In Yann Martel's Life Of Pi

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Ever since the beginning of the last century, professional studies regarding on human nature and nurture as well as people’s psychology have been thoroughly investigated. Some of the results of these studies, especially studies of Freudian theories revealed the basic fundamental structure, in between Id, ego and super-ego, of human psychology. Not only scientists are interested in relationships between these three elements of human mind, but also people in other areas, such as Yann Martel who is a writer, have touched upon them. The correlation between Id, ego and super-ego is reflected in Yann Martel’s Life of Pi in terms of the very fact that Pi fails to struggle against with the natural survival instinct of human when his life is in danger, furthermore, such failure would provoke the evil nature that existed within people. The entire book of Life of Pi is divided into three parts. In the first part, Yann Martel mainly describes important events and people that impose strong effects on Pi, such as his educations and multiple religion beliefs. The second part of the book introduces the Pi’s journey in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, and how he manages to survive. In comparison, Pi’s behaviors during the journey in second part of the book conflicts with his moral standards, which are built by his educations and religious beliefs describes in the first part. He particularly addresses these two aspects must be for the purpose of later plot developing. Due to his family

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