Human Resource Management Assignment: The Definition Of Management

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Human Resource Management Assignment The Definition of Management “Management is to forecast and plan, to organize, to command, to co-ordinate and control.” (Henri Fayol) “The process of planning, organizing, leading, and controlling the work of organization members and using all available organization resources to reach stated organization goals” (James A.F Stoner, R. Edward Freeman, Daniel R. Gilbert) The Meaning of Management The term Management can have different meanings. There are four primary views of management: 1. Management is a process 2. Management is a discipline 3. Management is a human activity 4. Management is a career 1.) Management as a process “Management is some type of work or a set of activities. “ (John M. Ivancewich,…show more content…
The manager must evaluate and ensure that the employees adhere to the rules laid down by the management. 2.) Neo-Classical Theories Human Relations Movement “So long as commerce specializes in business methods which take no account of human nature and social motives, so long may we expect strikes and sabotage to be the ordinary accompaniment of industry.” (Elton Mayo) The term human relations is the manner in which the managers react with their employees or lower sub-ordinates. This approach lays emphasis on the need to know the social and logical factors affecting the psychological state of an employee and understanding the reasons behind their behaviour. Since employees perform better when they fit into a group and are shown dignity it is recommended by human relation’s students that the management should change their point of view towards their employees as that to a positive force whose potential can be tapped and directed toward the benefits of the organization Behavioural sciences movement Abraham Maslow and Douglas Mcgregor are the most important contributors to this approach. This approach is also known as the human resource approach and it lays importance on attitudes, behaviour and performance of individuals and…show more content…
Strategic Management “Strategic management is the process of managing the pursuit of organizational mission while managing the relationship of the organization to its environment.” (James M. Higgins) It refers to the entire strategic-decision making activity in an organization. The meaning of the word strategy is a plan of action designed to achieve a long-term or overall aim. The set of activities that help in formulating this strategy is known as Strategic Management. 5 Management Guru’s 1. Frederick Herzberg (1923-2000) He is originally an American Psychologist who later became very influential in business management. His works include Job enrichment and the motivator Hygiene theory. 2. Douglas Mcgregor (1906-1964) He is best known for his Theory X and Theory Y. “Management cannot provide a man with self-respect, or with the respect of his fellows, or with the satisfaction of needs for self-fulfilment. We can create the conditions such that he is encouraged and enabled to seek such satisfactions for himself, or we can thwart him by failing to create those conditions.” (Douglas Mcgregor) 3. Peter Drucker (1909-2005) He is well known for the concept of management by objectives and
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