A variety of definitions can be found in literature on the subject of teams. Teamwork has been defined by Hageman, (1995) as a way to produce permanent and constant clarifications to the crisis, collectively with people who decide together in joint decision-making. People are motivated through innovative and participatory methods in teamwork. If team members cannot be motivated sufficiently in line with the targets of growth and development, the members of the team cannot exist in an efficient and productive working environment. One of the key motivational factors is a person 's sense of belonging to a group and a goal.
Daniel Goleman observes that this style is particularly useful when the leader wants to improve team harmony, increase moral and motivation, enhance communication and repair broken trust. 4. Democratic: In this style, people’s knowledge and skills are pooled and commitment is created towards achieving goals. Collective wisdom of the group is used and when the organisation needs group work in direction towards its goals. 5.
People may be motivated by one or two or all three elements. Some people may be motivated by achievement and affiliation while others are partially motivated by all the three. An organization should try to formulate jobs and responsibilities that best fit i the individual needs. John Stacy Adam’s equity theory (1963) sates the importance of fairness when managing groups of employees. Workers seek a fair balance between what they put into their jobs (inputs) and what they get out of it (outcomes); employees want to be treated fairly and likely to compare their treatment to that of their peers.
An employee quits his job whenever he faces problems at the workplace and is not satisfied with his work. Members are contented with their work and share a good rapport amongst themselves. The team members must be assigned responsibilities as per their specialization, qualification, interests as well as experience. The team members must find their job interesting for them to enjoy and work hard to achieve the organization goals. An overburdened worker never finds his job interesting and would always be eager for a change.
Article Summary In human resource management we learn that diversity is a strength to any organization. It allows for many cultures to come together to make an organization be available to a wider base of customers. As I read this article Sarah Fister Gale explains that there are many reasons why diversity is not always the best thing that a company could have. She explains that it is not necessarily needed within an organization because it brings a lot of friction with people from different cultures and it can cause many law suits for the organization. Gale states that although there have been a decrease in discrimination claims for companies not hiring, there has also been a rise in harassment suits from employees because other employees
Each individual in the company holds a special talent which coalesce into the success of the company. Therefore, each worker set his own goal in a team he finds himself. The team meets biweekly to access the feedback for their development. Furthermore, the management staff points out the dos and dons of each team on the “sixth sense” scale (Dudeja, n.d.). One spectacular thing underlying the coaching process is that everyone is a
Organization’s primary objective is to achieve the set goals, aims to increase productivity utilizing minimum resources. To this end, they try to establish an environment where the employees feel comfortable, resultantly increasing their performance individually and collectively. However, despite of efforts, it has been observed that not all the employees reciprocate. Intentionally or unintentionally unconstructive or negative behavior also prevails in the organization. This non-productive behavior includes gossip, personal phone calls, cyber loafing, harassment, stealing, abusing organizational property or even limiting productivity.
The work activities are distributed to various teams with one common goal. The unitarist perspective has a large focus on teams. The use of teams in an organisation will result in increased productivity. This gives the organisation a competitive advantage as they are operating more efficiently. As the teams become more productive, the organisation becomes more successful.
INTRODUCTION: Groups and Teams are prominent features in an organization. Almost everyone in an organization is a member of one or more groups. In recent organizations some degree of coordination is needed not only for effective working environment but also for achieving organizational goals. Work is a group based activity and if an organization wants to function effectively it requires good teamwork. Managers also use groups and teams to achieve a high standard of work and to improve organizational effectiveness.