Human Resource Management In Ethiopia

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An organization‘s success or failure is highly determined by effective and efficient utilization of resources such as human, material, financial, and information resources at its disposal (Oshagbemi, 2000). Particularly human resources are vital for organizational excellence and they act as one of the main factors for achieving anticipated organizational objectives. It is an important factor of production. A well trained and motivated workforce makes it possible to achieve the organization‘s success at ease. Hence, the proper human resource management is a key instrument for achieving the organizational goals. In other words, it is a system of activities and strategies that are focused on managing the success of employees at all levels of the…show more content…
In Ethiopia, the technological improvement, economic prosperity, and social change are possible only through an efficient and effective system of public sector institutions. Public organization has been a labor intensive activity. It mostly renders services of various sorts to the community. Public organization is controlled by the government and it is paid by the taxes. It provides a vital service for the country and it is non-profit organization (Tazebachew, 2011). According to Markos (2013), the public sector reform program in Ethiopia has shown some improvements particularly, in the areas of civil service both at federal and regional level. However, the reform program is entangled with different challenges such as lack of accountability, transparency, and low level of HRD. From these challenges HRD is the one that cripples the capacity of the implementation process and participation from the side of different stakeholders in public sector. Abebe (2008), also in his study on human management function decentralization at SNNP revealed that little attention is put on HRD function because of lack of proper training and development in public sectors. Moreover, other empirical study also conducted by Aliyou (2005), in Amhara, Dessie in public sectors in relation to decentralization of human resource management. However, in this study issues like performance…show more content…
The main objective of public sector organizations is to increase service quality to customer approach and to provide social benefits based on limited budgets. For non-profit oriented organizations like the public sector, knowledge sharing can help to increase continuous performance, service delivery, and also customer and staff satisfaction. Since knowledge is a central source of government services, effective knowledge sharing among employees is a significant management challenge for providing excellent service to the public at all levels. Without the requisite knowledge and skills public officials may not be able to perform their responsibilities and duties effectively, efficiently and with high standards of performance (Tazebachew,

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