Human Rights: Origin And Historical Development Of Human Rights

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HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS: INDIAN CONTEXT Tarsem Sharma Article I, Universal declaration of Human Rights 1948 states, 'All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in spirit of brotherhood. ' It is quite remarkable that the nation of human rights has played a significant role in western history and in international relations since 1945, and yet, no one has been able to definitively settle the question about the origin and true nature of these rights. The origin of the concept of human rights is found in theology, philosophy and law. The concept of natural rights was developed first to articulate Christian theories of wealth and poverty and then in the seventeenth century to defend property and what we now call civil and political rights against absolute and monarchical government. One view of the history of human rights restricts it by emphasizing that human had little history before establishment of the United Nations in 1945. However, another popular view is that human rights has a much longer history. Some argue that the concept of human rights has a universal history in the various religions and philosophies of the world, while others maintain that it originated in the west and was universalized only recently, and after the second world war. However, the most common and accepted view is that the concept of human rights originated in the west. Although non

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