What were the Crusades? According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, 1 the Crusades were a series of holy wars called by popes with the promise of indulgences for those who fought in them and directed against external and internal enemies of Christendom for the recovery of Christian property or in defense of the Church or Christian people. This essay is going to outline the main events, and explain the reasons for, the first three crusades, by giving the timeline of main events that took place and telling as to why the Crusades happened. The First Crusade was initiated in November 1095 by Pope Urban II in the town of Clermont in France. It took place in Anatolia, also known as Asia Minor, and Levant.
Although this was fought because the Pope called on Christians to take back the holy land from the Muslims, it was a battle of power (Discussion notes, January 16). The more land one claims, the more power one has to rule and lead people. With more land comes more resources and ultimately a bigger throne. The Christians wanted the power to rule over the holy land and so did the Muslims. One of the reasons for the Crusades was adventure and riches (Discussion notes, January 16).
France not only had different conflicts with Great Britain directly but assisted with different British opponents, including the United States. According to Colley, the shear fear of France taking over different parts of the world caused the British to colonize lands that were not even Christian for the empire. In her words Protestantism for the British became, “a unifying and distinguishing bond [like] never before. (18)” Nationalism in Britain only became stronger with the Seven Years War. Support for the war had been, “remarkably and deceptively unanimous (103)” to the point where Scotland had some men recruited.
THE SEVENTH CRUSADE Crusades are a series of religious wars fought between Christians from Europe and Muslims in the region around the Eastern Mediterranean sea in the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries. The purpose of the paper is to analyze and discuss the political rationale leading the European powers to engage in the seventh crusade. The research question is what is the political rationale was leading the European powers to participate in the seventh crusade. The paper will argue that the seventh crusade came to Egypt by king Louis LV to exclude Egypt from the conflict about Jerusalem and to be able to recapture Jerusalem because at that time Egypt was a great economic and military power, the main defender of the Muslim nations and had effective
All selected youth are offered to the Sultans as a human sacrifice. The Turks are presented as insensitive since the children were merely seven years old. Discrimination emerges when it’s affirmed that the youth picked were “…from the children of the Christian subjects.” Consequently, it is perplexing for the reader to reconcile the two standpoints offered on the Ottoman Empire. On one side is a progressive and considerate regime while the other presents a retrogressive and controlling
The modern English democracy is credited to a plentiful and several historical events. The death of Prince Arthur led to the emanation of Magna Carta, Followed by the first and second baron’s revolts which lead to the raise of parliament and participation of common people in it. The impact of those events is the main reason that turned the authority from The House of Lords to The House of Commons. Richard the Lion heart deputed Prince Arthur to be his successor in ruling England in a will worded before proceeding to the Third Crusade. When Richard died the throne was seized by John the youngest son of Henry II.
The Battle of Aqaba was aimed to capture the last of the Ottoman ports at the Red Sea. This was one of the most important battles and its victory was essential as securing the port would open up more flank routes on Ottoman forces and it meant that British supplies had a much easier path to take to reach the forces of the Revolt. Lawrence and Auda along with 40 men recruited the Howeitat, a Syrian tribe known for their fighting on camels, and on the 6th of July, 1917 the Ottomans in Aqaba were defeated with very little Arab causalities. After his victory in Aqaba, Lawrence travelled to the Suez to arrange a delivery of food from the Royal Navy to the Arab forces and Ottoman prisoners in Aqaba. Under the command of British officers including Lawrence, the Arabs were very successful in weakening the Hejaz Railway.
Candida Moss argument and contribution to the scholarship of this book is that in previous decades and in today's decade, Christians are known to be prosecuted by the Roman empires. Also, she argues that, the myth of Christian persecution is imprecise, and that Christianity makes a contribution to violence among the world while being under attack by human beings in which is a fiction as she introduces us to the "Age of Martyrs". In chapter one "Martyrdom Before Christianity", it is argued that individuals who have died for a king, country, nation, God, or on principle died what some scholars are called noble deaths. It is given that; these deaths are not martyrdom, but it is given that the term martyr carries religious overtones. According
When the six major powers of Europe get in war, it is not like any other war. Early in 1914, France, Britain and Russia formed the Triple Entente, and declared war against the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy), which was later known as the World War I. The Cultural Impact of World War 1 during the war and immediately after it, was more significant than any other war. The Horrific and senseless World War I reported around 37,468,904 casualties (Encyclopedia Britannica), this seriously influenced talented artists, writers and musicians around the world who had answered their nations' call to join the Army, or suffered directly from war terrors at their hometowns. The Wave of Patriotism in Poetry The lifestyle Poets lived during World War I encouraged the (War Poets Movement).
Incorrect stereotypes and misconceptions about certain groups of people can have a devastating impact on one’s future. Many of these stereotypes and misconceptions have been passed down from previous generations and some are based on false assumptions or lack of education. Stereotypes are a label that categorizes a group of people for behaving or thinking a certain way. Misconceptions are created by stereotypes and are based on untruths. We have stereotypes and misconceptions because many individuals learn to be biased from one’s parents or society.