The Aztecs thought that the sun was weakening and needed sacrifices, and especially those of human blood, to be able to follow its course and not destroy the world. Human sacrifices were made on a large scale. The sacrifices were carried out on top of huge pyramids, to be closer to the sun, so that the blood spilled down the steps. The book: The Broken Spears, shows us how the king had no mercy for his people. Motechuzoma said to a messenger “You may rest now.” “The man that brought this news had no ears, for they had been cut off, and no toes, for they had been cut off too” (16). This book displays how ruthless was this
The Aztecs were polytheistic which means they worshiped many gods. There main and most powerful god was Huitzilopochtli. Huitzilopochtli was the god of war, the sun and sacrifice. The sun was one of the most important things in Aztec culture they were called the people of the sun and believed that they needed to strengthen the sun's power through rituals and sacrifices. The priest in Aztec culture were in charge of making sure the gods were happy.They did this through human sacrifice and strict ancient rituals. Priest where highly respected in Aztec culture and had to undergo strict training process.They also has priestess, which had the same roles as male priest.
The Rich people were able to live in luxury houses built of sun-dried brick. Their homes were coated of whitewash to make their house shine. The rich had built-in steam baths. They took a steam bath every day. Their clothes had “special features”on them..The feathers that they carried meant “a sign of status”.
For generation, human society is constantly changing throughout history and many of those changes are the extreme religious beliefs that many people practices. Such as “sacrificial rituals”. In “The Lottery” Shirley Jackson had written a novel about a small town that does sacrificial ritual once every year because they believe it would help the crops grow well in the summer. The process of this ritual is done by a random selection from a lottery box by each members of household and if a person draws a paper with a black dot on it, that person will be stone to death by the town folks. During the Iron Age, sacrificial rituals is commonly used around the countries such as Mexico, Egypt, China, and numerous of others countries and small tribes because they believe that it would please a divine being that is known to be alive. ‘Used to be saying about “Lottery in June, corn be heavy soon.” First thing you know, we’d all be eating stewed chickweed and acorns.’ (312). This dangerous practice is an offering of food, objected, animals, blood, and even human sacrifice. Although this type of ritual practices is no longer use today, there were many countries than does “sacrificial rituals” in the past and the Inca empire is one of the many places that practice various of ancient ritual, one such as human sacrifice.
While many worldviews exist, The fall of the Aztec empire was unavoidable.The Aztec’s were a group of people who were very religious and lived in Mexico for hundreds of years but one day a group of Spanish people arrived and executed all of the Aztec people. Many of them died from diseases the spanish brought with them like small pox. The others were killed by the spanish and some were taken to spain as slaves. This was led by an explorer named Hernan Cortes.
Have you ever heard about the Aztecs and that they practiced human sacrifice? The Aztecs also built beautiful Floating Gardens called Chinampas. The Aztec society was on an island in the middle of a lake. They flourished from the years 1428 to 1519 C.E. They had Chinampas that covered the lake surrounding their capital city of Tenochtitlan. The Chinampas covered over 20,000 acres. What should historians point out in books about Aztecs human sacrifices or agriculture. I believe we should emphasize Aztecs agriculture for three reasons for the huge scale, it's crucial for their everyday life, and for the clever construction.
civilization raised or how the people lived? How they regulated their lands? Or what they used to eat? Etc. One of the aspects that many people are curious about is the old-world medicine, how ancient people dealt with illnesses and how they treated their patients? As for the American civilization, the most recorded advanced medicine was in the Aztec’s empire. The Aztec’s Empire was the most powerful Mesoamerican kingdom of old ages. In fact, their culture was full of creativity with a combination of methodology and religious tradition. They arrived in the Valley of Mexico in 1325C.E, and their name means Aztlan people, where they were originally from. In fact,
The Aztecs, like most ancient civilizations, were practicing a polytheistic religion. The most well-known of those civilizations possibly being Ancient Greece. The similarities don’t end there; when most people think of the Aztecs and their religion, they think of their inimical ritual of sacrifice. Thousands of years before, in North Africa, the Carthaginians were sacrificing many of their people, even infants. Most researchers believe it was to appease their gods and even to control the population, which are also reasons Aztec experts believe to be true for the Mesoamerican civilization. (Doc. 7, Doc. 6) Not too far away from the Aztecs in time nor location were the Incas.
The culture of these tribes in the beginning did not have any well-defined features, but they gradually crystallized into a single solid entity - the Aztec civilization. Aztec culture differ in their priorities, it was dominated by religion and politics. The priests had almost complete authority over the people. People lives were controlled by laws based on religion. In religion, the main ritual was the sacrifice. Aztec gods were in constant enmity. The appearance of the gods were frightening and most of all the gods have had two entities: human and animal. This suggests a close connection with nature and also their strength and capabilities were the relationship with inanimate
Aztec Sacrifice and The Darker Link explains what the Aztecs did in human sacrifices, but they talked about different reasons why they did it. My claim is that the Aztecs do Human Sacrifice to appease the gods. In these Articles, Aztec Sacrifice by, Ancient History Encyclopedia, and The Darker Link, by Washington Post, Human Sacrifice is to appease the gods while others say that it's to keep people in order.
Depending on which society that you were born in would determine your everyday life as an Aztec which could either be a lord, commoner or occasionally a slave. However, slavery was around closer in the 1450’s and those were for only the people who could not afford to take care of themselves. There were two classes between the commoners which the peasants and calpolli and then there were the urban commoners. The “calpolli,” were known to be small groups of families who were made of peasants who also worked for the lord. This would make the commoners more dependent with their lord and it mean that their land was also dependent. About only 5% of society were made up of these lords and nobles who kept a tight grip on the Aztec society.
Also, historians rarely talk about the ulterior motives of the rulers of the Aztec empire and where or not the sacrifices were just for the keeping the gods at ease. One "possible explanation is demographic. If central Mexico was as densely populated as we believe, then the sacrifices may have been a kind of population control (Doc F)." Although there isn't any tangible evidence it would only make sense why they might have used sacrifice as a population control in a society struggling to produce
This was a major contribution to the defeat of the Aztecs. Killing thousands of people, whether they themselves or the citizen from their neighboring cities, this evidently couldn’t be good for the society. By giving sacrifices to god from their own people, was rapid, causing their population to substantially decrease, on top this, the ritual led to the hatred of other surrounding people. The powerful city of Tlaxcala was one of them. Many of their own soldiers have been killed and sacrificed, this rage of anger led the Tlaxcala to join the army of the Spaniards, which ultimately created a powerful force. When the human sacrifice was first introduced to Cortez by Montezuma, he immediately called him a fool for believing in such hogwash. In other words, he considered of the sacrifice as a sign of an evil culture. This highly motivated the Spaniards to conquer, what they considered was an inhuman culture. When the Aztec first attacked after the death of Montezuma, they killed many Spaniards and drove the rest outside the city but saved few to sacrifice to the gods. This was a turning point in history the Spaniards were unhesitant to attack back. On top this at the beginning when the two separate worldviews first met the Aztec showed at most respect and worship them as they saw a resemblance between Hernan Cortez and Quetzalcoatl. Montezuma as being the leader was knowledgeable of their holy scripture,
As some may conclude the Aztecs performed human sacrifice out of pure evil, the real reason behind the gruesome act revolved around the Aztec’s gods. The ritual of human sacrifice was ultimately to receive the god’s gifts, which gave them life. In document J the previous opinion is discussed saying, “…humans must sacrifice that which was most important to them – life – to receive the sun, the rain, and other blessings of the gods that made life possible”(Document J). If Aztecs looked at human sacrifice in this way it can be argued that they participated in this act for the sake of keeping the gods happy, who were the providers of everyday fundamentals such as the sun and rain. Ultimately, the Aztecs were determined to give the gift of life to the god’s. Even if the Aztecs only sacrificed humans for daily needs, it may be assumed that people being sacrificed were mistreated, but that opinion can also be refuted. Document H gives an account from a Seventeen-Year-Old Aztec reporting that human sacrifices were treated like the royal family, received ample food and clothes, and were considered as gods. The Aztec added that many of the towns people were sad to see them go, proving that the Aztecs did not take the process of human sacrifice lightly. All things considered, the Aztec’s spirituality may be seen as gruesome, but it is driven by the need of their survival which happens to correlate with human
The Aztec civilization is one of the most spectacular examples of culture and art found in world history. The Aztecs were a group of American Indians speaking Nahuatl who arrived on the North American continent from the arid cactus lands of Northwest. They settled in Mexico for centuries where they were initially enslaved by the other Nahua tribes before emerging as a powerful tribe. The history of the Central Valley of Mexico after tenth century A.D. is dominated by a long tradition of tribal conflicts that led to the fall of several civilizations, replaced by subsequent Nahua tribes. The Aztecs called themselves Mexica, which was the name of priest-chief from ancient, legendary times of Mexi. There is a legendary story which tells that Mexica hailed from Chicomoztoc, the Seven Caves, from the northern lands called Aztlan i.e. the Place of Whiteness. The word Aztec is derived from this same place known as Aztlan. The shifting of Aztecs from the north to central part of Mexico marked the beginning of a tribal story; the tale about the quest and discovery of the omen and the