The Aztec people dominated the 14th through 16th century Mesoamerica. They are one of the most noted cultures recognized in history books today and they deserve as much recognition for their accomplishments and errors as much as any other civilization because their works were much the same. Their religious practices were similar to that of the ancient civilizations throughout the entire world. The magnificent capital, Tenochtitlan, displays accomplishments other cities had achieved thousands of years before the Aztecs marched through what is now Mexico. Even the fall of their empire was like that of the far away Celtic civilization and countless others.
Aztec Empire The Aztecs were a great Empire that lasted approximately 200 years. They entered the Valley of Mexico from North and founded their capital in the center of a lake. Their capital was called Tenochtitlan, and it was founded in 1325. In 1428 a Triple Alliance was formed with other two cities, Texcoco and Tlacopan, consolidating what we now call, the Great Aztec Empire.
The Aztecs seemed to be very modernized and clever when it came to living. The Aztecs created ideas and inventions to make living better. While all of this was happening they still managed to be very religious. Some people might think their religion made them a bit evil but the Aztecs had their reasons. When it came to farming they figured out ways to get more food. This all happened while they still listened to their ruler, traded things, and sold slaves. They were hard working people who cared about their religion,agriculture,and social structure.
The Aztecs began as a northern tribe whose name came from a valley known as Aztlan, which was the name of their homeland. They appeared in Mesoamerica, today known as the south central region of Mexico, in the 13th century. There, the Aztecs built their proud city, Tenochtitlan. It was the heart of the Aztec civilization. The Aztec emperor didn’t rule every city state. Local governments remained but they were required to pay varying amounts to the city of Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopa. This empire is called a hegemonic or informal empire (Moreno-Aguilar, 2013). The Aztecs ruled through a local government, this ensured the locals would keep the people happy. This system worked very well for the people, but the empire would eventually be
THE DEFEAT OF THE AZTECS The conflict between the Aztecs and the Spaniards goes way back to the 16th century and is mostly remembered as the fall of the Aztecs. Aztec was an empire which settled in the valley of Mexico. The fall of the Aztecs empire was inevitable, simply because of 3 major aspects, religion, diseases, and the cunning tactics which the friendly Aztecs have never experienced or encountered before, this devoting nature of the Aztecs was used against them by a greedy middle class man who craved only one thing gold, he was known as Cortez. But their greatest weapon that brought Spain the great victory was the diseases that were carried to the New World.
When it comes to the term “ancient civilization” many people think about how the civilization raised or how the people lived? How they regulated their lands? Or what they used to eat? Etc. One of the aspects that many people are curious about is the old-world medicine, how ancient people dealt with illnesses and how they treated their patients?
Religion played a huge role in the Aztec society. Religion was the most important thing to the Aztec people . The Aztecs used omens and stars to tell the future. The Aztecs had believed that a god named Quetzalcoatl would and destroy the entire Aztec civilization and he would return in the year of the seed. In 1519 a Explorer named Hernan Cortes discovered Mexico in 1519.
Humanities Essay: The Aztecs The Aztecs or Mexica as they called themselves, weren’t originally from the Valley of Mexico, many people migrated from the north. As history states the people migrated because of a great drought in northern Mexico and southwestern United States. After two centuries of migration, around 1200 AD the Aztecs started to form their foundation in the Valley of Mexico, and that was the start of one of the most mightest civilization. The Valley of Mexico attracted many more people as it was full of rich resources. The Valley was surrounded by high mountains protecting them from any enemies, freshwater from the mountains, marshy lakes that provided them with food, plants, salt and also water for cultivation and agriculture (Nicoletta Maestri, “Aztec Origins and the Founding of TenochtitlÃ¡n - Aztec Tenochtitlan”).
Aztec Sacrifice and The Darker Link explains what the Aztecs did in human sacrifices, but they talked about different reasons why they did it. My claim is that the Aztecs do Human Sacrifice to appease the gods. In these Articles, Aztec Sacrifice by, Ancient History Encyclopedia, and The Darker Link, by Washington Post, Human Sacrifice is to appease the gods while others say that it's to keep people in order.
The Aztecs made sacrifice the main purpose of life of these people. Even though they had well executed plans to capture as many people for sacrifice it was no way to treat a person. Also, historians rarely talk about the ulterior motives of the rulers of the Aztec empire and where or not the sacrifices were just for the keeping the gods at ease. One "possible explanation is demographic.
The Aztecs performed brutal and gruesome human sacrifices towards volunteers and members of other tribes who were captured during war. Document G illustrates how the Aztecs would take "flint knifes and hastily tear out the palpitating heart that with the blood, they present to the idols in whose name performed the sacrifice." As a part of the ritual, the victim would be painted and placed on a slab. Once on the slab, the victim’s
One of the myths was the “completion” which portrayed the idea that the indigenous people were completely overtaken and were easily converted to catholicism. When the reality was that it took a lot of strife and battles to make the Aztecs finally submit to catholicism. “When the battle of Cholula was finished the Cholultecas understood and believed that the God of the white men who were His most powerful sons, were more potent than their own (pg 48).” This quote demonstrates how the Cholultecas believed in catholicism as well as deemed the spaniards as gods themselves. However, Restall reiterated in his book that the indigenous people knew that the spaniards were not divine, but ultimately confirmed and submitted to save their lives and entwined catholicism into their culture rather than being completely overtaken by it.
Everything was perfectly planned out. As the calendar says, they have to sacrifice one of their own to please the Gods. The Mayan people would get together as a whole to practice their religious ceremony at the temple. The Mayan and Aztec civilizations are two ancient civilizations that were located near Central and South America. The Mayan civilization was more remarkable than the Aztecs because of their advanced knowledge. According to Document E: The Mayan Number System, the Mayans created the mathematics that people use today. This is showing how Mayans are very intelligent. They not only created a language, but they created a math system that people use 4,000 years in the future. Secondly, according to Document F: The Mayan Calendar, the
As scientists believe, ancient culture, which gave rise to all the others, was the Olmec civilization. Therefore, all people of pre-Columbian America is characterized by several common features: hieroglyphic writing, illustrated books, calendar, human sacrifice, ritual ball game, belief in life after death, stepped pyramids. In this unit response, I would like to describe three main cultures in Mesoamerica: Olmec, Maya and Aztec.
Depending on which society that you were born in would determine your everyday life as an Aztec which could either be a lord, commoner or occasionally a slave. However, slavery was around closer in the 1450’s and those were for only the people who could not afford to take care of themselves. There were two classes between the commoners which the peasants and calpolli and then there were the urban commoners. The “calpolli,” were known to be small groups of families who were made of peasants who also worked for the lord. This would make the commoners more dependent with their lord and it mean that their land was also dependent. About only 5% of society were made up of these lords and nobles who kept a tight grip on the Aztec society.