Human Security Development

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The development and security relationship has formed diverse debate in the field of international studies. Despite all the research undertaken over the years on their connection there has been no accepted perception owing to the terms development and security being highly contested, ambiguous and diverse.
Development in the past was defined in the simplest form as economic growth and the reduction of poverty. Dudley Seers states that “focusing on national income as a target for poverty reduction avoids the real problems of development” (Seers 1969). He defines development as “the idea of creating the conditions for the realisation of the potential of human personality” (Seers 1969). Dudley’s definition looks at indicators for development being
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This expounded on the concept of security from, ‘freedom of fear” to “freedom of wants”. Human security incorporates not just the achievement of minimal levels of material needs, but also the absence of severe threats to them of an economic or political kind such as: economic security, food security, health security, environmental security, personal security, community security and political…show more content…
This perspective shone a new light on the development and security relationship. It was concerned with removing the insecurities that plague human lives. Schiffman and Kanuk state that, “starting an approach with prioritisation of physiological needs (food, water, shelter etc.) as seen in Maslow’s pyramid, safety and security needs which are placed on the second level of the pyramid will follow.(Schiffman&Kanuk, 2007). Reducing the risks to human security would thus improve development of countries. Let us take a look at Bhutan, which is ranked among the most livable places on Earth. It is the perfect example to illustrate that once the risks of human security are dealt with a country will progressively develop. Bhutan has a fascinating way of tracking their development; they use Gross National Happiness (GNP) index as opposed to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). GNP was first used by their fourth King in the 1970’s; it is a “multi-dimensional development approach that seeks to achieve a harmonious balance between material wellbeing and the spiritual, emotional and cultural needs of the society”. Bhutanese policies have been set up through the ‘GNH’ index, based on equitable social development, cultural preservation, conservation of the environment and good governance. Since 2005 Bhutan’s growth has been quite progressive, according

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