Human Trafficking In India

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ABSTRACT Human trafficking is the trade of humans, most commonly for the purpose of slavery, forced labor, or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others. This unjustified trade and exploitation of human beings in the 21st century reflects a sad state of affairs which confirms that the greatest ethical challenge facing the globe today is human trafficking. It portrays a contrasting picture of inequality among equals with regard to the right of every individual over his or her life, since trafficked victims are compelled to sell their inherent freedom. Their cry for help is drowned in the sea of constant oppression and general sense of apathy which has been continuing for centuries. Human trafficking can occur within a country…show more content…
INTRODUCTION: Human trafficking involves the use of human beings to exploit the vulnerable through forceful stripping of their dignity and self-worth. Every year millions of persons are trafficked both domestically and internationally in India. Trafficking in persons is estimated to be the fastest growing enterprise of the 21st century. This crime comes at an incalculable human cost and represents one of the most shameful facets of the modern world. Unsurprisingly, majority of the victims of human trafficking are women and children, the most marginalized segments of the society in the developing countries. India is both a source and transit country for trafficking. It is estimated that 10% of India’s trafficking in persons is International while 90% is domestic. India serves as a destination for persons trafficked from neighboring countries such as Nepal and Bangladesh, and as a transit country for individuals being trafficked to the Middle East and other parts of the world. In addition, India is a source country for individuals trafficked to Europe, the Middle East and North America. The majority of trafficked persons in India, including men, women, boys and girls, are trafficked for purposes of forced…show more content…
Johannes Koettl in her paper Human Trafficking, Modern Day Slavery, And Economic Exploitation threw light on the fact that there is a large overlap of human trafficking with consensual exploitation, namely when economic vulnerabilities force victims to accept exploitative work arrangements. Consensual exploitation is mostly addressed through social and labor law, which is also an area where the World Bank has ample experience, while nonconsensual exploitation is mainly addressed through criminal law. Both types of exploitation have adverse effects on equity and efficiency and are therefore obstacles to development. She stated that the World Bank could consider strengthening its efforts on nonconsensual exploitation, in particular in the area of access to justice for the poor and empowering vulnerable groups to demand justice and good governance. In addition, there is a need to enhance the knowledge on prevalence, causes, and consequences of nonconsensual
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