There are estimated 40.3 million people in modern slavery all around the world.It is “modern-day slavery” with more slaves at work today than there has ever been at any point in history. We encourage everyone to keep in mind that human trafficking is a human rights violation; it is a crime against the dignity and integrity of an individual. It is the trading of human beings as commodities but it is still the third most profitable and fastest growing criminal activity in the world. There are 2.5 million people trafficked every year. About three out of every 1000 persons around the world are trafficked at any given point in time.
It is such a successful industry making $32 billion in all 50 states. What types of trafficking is there ? Primarily, the reasons this terrible act happens falls under three categories: sex trafficking, forced labor, debt bondage. Many people are taken, tricked, or coerced into being trafficked. Women are the some, if not the best market for traffickers; and unfortunately, children also are victims of trafficking.
With an estimated 400 million children between 0 and 18 years, the country’s per capita income remaining low and 26 percent of the population living below the poverty line. India has become a source, destination and transit country for men, woman, and children trafficked for forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation. India has become a transit hub for human trafficking with estimated millions, victim to human trafficking. Trafficking in India is often disguised as migration, commercial sex or disgustingly even marriage. It is estimated that ninety percent of the India’s sex trafficking is internal.
This makes widespread human trafficking issue, as well as the lack of progress to curb it very disheartening, especially for human rights activists. the International Labor Organization, there are still more than 20 million slaves around the world today—about double the number of people in bondage during the transatlantic slave trade. 2. Reason for existing human
HUMAN TRAFFICKING Is there a sight more heartwarming than being unbound, unhampered, unconfined and independent? When most people consider slavery to be extinct, the 21st Century is experiencing a tremendous boom of reincarnation of illegal slavery in most parts of the world in the form of human trafficking. Human trafficking or flesh trade is the third largest international crime industry which commonly runs for the purpose of sexual slavery, forced labour or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others, extraction of organs or tissues, occurring nationally or trans-nationally. According to some estimates, approximately 80% of trafficking involves sexual exploitation and 19% involves labour exploitation. The exact extent is
Today, many people need organ donation to continue their life. It is so hard to get an organ so, people get their organ donation from black organ market. “The illegal trade in kidneys has risen to such a level that an estimated 10,000 black market operations involving purchased human organs now take place annually, or more than one an hour.” (Illegal kidney trade booms as new organ is 'sold every hour', 2012). Kidney organ is very important to our body. Organ trafficking occurs by kidnapping the people especially children.
Human trafficking is a global problem. Member states of the TIP renewed their commitment to fight against human trafficking, which has experienced a rise since globalization. Human trafficking, especially of women and children, is the second most illegally traded item in the world, and the UN estimates trafficking to be one of the top three sources of profit for organized crime. Every form of human trafficking is a violation of human rights, according to the Immigration and Customs Enforcement unit of the U.S. government, whether through transportation or provision, through forced labour, obtaining a person, or sex trafficking. Human trafficking perpetrators’ motivational factor is largely based on making a profit.
Human trafficking violates the fundamental human rights of children all over the world. In a global study by the United Nations identified that trafficked individuals originated from 106 countries and are over 17,000 victims; which 28% of them were children with girls outnumbering the boys by a percentage of 2.5. Also, according to the United States federal law which states that “sex trafficking involves the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, obtaining, soliciting or patronizing of a person for purpose of a commercial sex act using force, fraud, or coercion, or involving a child less than 18 years of age; and including using a minor to produce child sexual exploitation materials such as pornography, using a child in a sex-oriented business like exotic dancing and strip club, soliciting a child for commercial
Keeping in mind that human trafficking organizations are now spreading into developing countries which have poorer security and is one of the fastest growing black market, Bearing in mind that human trafficking is the most heinous forms of organized crime and violation of human rights in Europe and the world Bearing in mind that Every year an increasing number of people fall victim of trafficking, mainly for sexual exploitation (43%), but many for underpaid illegal labour. Such trafficking is the modern form of slavery, which treats human beings as a commodity to be bought and sold, to be put to forced labour, usually in the sex industry, but also, for example in agriculture, households, declared or undeclared sweatshops, to be paid a pittance
There are around 12.6 million children are engaged in hazardous occupations. Only 10% of human trafficking in India is international, while almost 90% is interstate. Nearly 40,000 children are abducted every year of which 11000 remain untraced according to a report by the National Human Rights Commission of India. NGO’s estimate that 12,000-50,000 women and children are trafficked into the country annually from neighbouring states for the sex trade. Human trafficking has an immensely negative effect on the psychological, and mental state apart from the social status.