Organ Trafficking Research Paper

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Human trafficking is a crime against humanity and is the third largest organized crime after drugs and the arms trade across the globe. It involves an act of recruiting, transporting, transforming, harboring or receiving a person through a use of force, coercion or other means, for the purpose of exploiting them. Human trafficking is a $32- Billion industry worldwide. The United Nations estimate that between 800,000 and 4 million men, women and children are deceived, recruited, transported from their homes and sold into slavery around the world each year. Each year 117,000 people are made victims of human trafficking
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While stories like these have undoubtedly happened, they come nowhere near to capturing the true horror of organ trafficking. The international trade in human organs is on the increase fuelled by growing demand as well as unscrupulous traffickers. Countries such as Brazil, India, and Moldova, well-known sources of donors have all banned buying and selling of human organs. But this has come at the risk of driving the underground trade. The world health organization has revealed that the illegal trade in kidneys has risen to such a level that an estimated 10,000 black market operations involving purchased human organs now take place annually or more than an hour. The world health organization (WHO) estimates that over 100,000 organ transplant has performed across the world every year. But due to a mix of government policies, personal beliefs about organ donation, and our ability to safely harvest organs quickly, we would need over ten times as many donations to meet global needs. It is a universal truth, that whenever supply doesn’t meet demand, people turn to illegal means. WHO estimates 5% to 10% of all organ transplants performed worldwide are illegal and out of that 75% are the kidneys, the most sought-after organ. Traffickers usually target the poorest and most vulnerable people

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