Human trafficking, or trafficking in persons (TIP) or modern day slavery, is a heinous and widespread crime occurring around the world in nearly every society. Most people often thought slavery was part of the past; however, human slavery is part of our current society and has been an on-going issue around the world. Human trafficking is a type of slavery that involves forced or bonded labour, sexual servitude, child labour, or involuntary servitude all over the world. It is important to note that sex trafficking contributes to more than half of human trafficking and most of these victims are women and young girls. This modern day slavery can happen to anyone, anywhere, and at anytime (Ton, 2012).This literature review of documents and reports
Forced labor is another reason for human trafficking, according to the international Labor Organization (ILO), victims of forced labor are more than 20 million, “Almost 21 million people are victims of forced labor” (ILO). Victims usually get forced to work in prostitution especially women and young girls, migrants get bonded with debt and forced to work for little wages or nothing. According to the ILO, $150 million a year is the revenue of forced labor, “Forced labor in the private economy generates US$ 150 billion in illegal profits per year” (ILO), this number tells a fact of how big the human trafficking is. Sex trafficking is a modern slavery that traffics women and young girls to prostitution against their will. This industry has been
In the United States, human trafficking has taken on different forms than what is normally thought of as human trafficking. It can range from a migrant laborer wanting to get a job to be able to support his family to survive who is then forced into manipulative work to a child running away to get away from abuse that is happening at home and the person that is helping the child get away from the abusive situation at home turns out to be exploiting him or her to make a profit (Farrell et al, 2014). According the International Labour Organization has estimated that 20.9 million people are involved in human trafficking in the whole world, with 1.5 million victims are in the United States, Canada, and Western Europe. In 2011, there were 3,969 convictions worldwide, and there were only 151 convictions in the United States.
Human trafficking is currently the third largest illegal industry in the world. It generates more than $32 billion dollars annually and over twenty million people are victims of forced labor (“Human Trafficking” 2012). The growth of technology and easy transportation has led to an increase in the number of trafficked people throughout the years (“Human Trafficking” 2012). People are led to believe that they will find better paying jobs in other countries and rely on the traffickers to assist in their migration by smuggling the people to another country. However, once they arrive, the smuggled people become similar to indentured servants to the traffickers and have to pay off their debt to them by working (“Human Trafficking” 2012).
Fourteen year old Holly ran away from home with a guy she met at the mall in New Jersey. She imagine running toward opportunity, towards freedom, and possibility with the guy. But in reality, she ran right in the inevitable controls of a sex trafficking loop. Her beloved guy turned out to be a devious and threatening pimp, she was coerced into working in New Jersey until dawn the next day. She was later rescued by getting arrested because she was underage out late (RJI). As you can see, human trafficking casts an immoral state of matters which deals with iniquitous trade and servitude of people. This situation is a problem that has occurred for centuries. It said to be a life-threatening form of labor abuse where women, men and children are
Human trafficking relates to hypermagical ultraomnipotence on the grounds that the traffickers emerge their selves in a severe role of power by controlling their victims when they appear vulnerable, and placing them in situations where they have no free will. The trafficker often uses force, fraud or coercion to control another person for commercial sex acts or soliciting labor or services. In depriving others of their innate human rights and liberties, human trafficking equates to a form of modern-day slavery, exploiting its victims for financial gain.
Human trafficking is a worldwide problem and one of the most shameful crimes in existence, since it robs millions of people worldwide dignity. The traffickers trick women, men and children from every corner of the planet and subject them daily to situations of exploitation. Although the most well-known form of trafficking in persons is sexual exploitation, hundreds of thousands of victims are also trafficked for the purpose of forced labor, prostitution, or organ harvesting. Considered as modern slavery, trafficking in persons involves the purchase and sale of people, where the victim is owned by another individual. “Human trafficking is the third largest international crime industry (behind illegal drugs and arms trafficking).
The United States prides itself in being “the land of the free” and the “land of opportunity,” yet this is not the case for the many victims of sex trafficking that reside in the U.S. Despite relatively strict legislation and visible media exposure of this crime against humanity, the United States continues to be a destination point for many victims of sex trafficking. Many Americans are surprised that this could happen here despite laws and organizations promoting awareness. A combination of American cultural attitudes toward the sex industry, both positive and negative, the ineffective enforcement of laws, and the high profitability for organized criminals are responsible for the persistence of sex trafficking to the United States.
Imagine being a young child and being forced into labor for 18 hours, your back is aching, and you never get a break, this is what a handful of children go through in America. Children in America are being exposed in Human Trafficking. “Human Trafficking” is the new term for slavery, a crime as old as civilization. Children and their families are having traumatic experiences due to the smuggling of children, which could have been avoided. The United Nations should avert child trafficking in the United States because it causes physical and mental complications to the victims, affects social lives and alters their education. Some people may perhaps say that child trafficking is good. But is it?
Human trafficking can be seen as many things, since it includes many subcategories. Human trafficking can be defined as the illegal movement of people, typically for the purposes of forced labor or commercial sexual exploitation. But does not exclude the many other reasons that human trafficking is used. When focusing on trafficking we need to understand it’s the act force or other forms of coercion and the beneficial aspects such as the giving or receiving of payments or benefits without consent from the person for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation does not only involve sex acts, but also includes forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs (UNDOC.)
Bought and sold, consumed and exploited, demoralized and subjugated, human bodies, personhood, dignity and labor have become the most valuable, profitable and reusable products in the growing market of the modern day world. Having been traded and transferred within the second largest and fastest growing criminal industry, humans as merchandise have manufactured a 32 billion dollar industry. Despite the global reach of the human trafficking industry, which exploits at least 30 million people throughout the world, human trafficking continues its business through black market transactions, ill-equipped or ill-informed governments, and global inadequacies.
Human trafficking is one of the largest and most prevalent issues that affects all walks of life both domestically and internationally. Human trafficking is not only a horrendous crime but a major human rights violation, impacting public health. “Human trafficking is a form of modern day slavery” . Human trafficking is the taking of a person with the intent to exploit them through, sexual exploitation, forced labor, slavery/servitude, or the removal of organs.
White slavery correlates to human trafficking, due to helping women and their rights. White slavery means “ the procurement – by use of force, deceit or drugs – of a white woman or a girl against her will for prostitution (“ A Short” p.1)”. Victims are often taken to warehouses that are abandoned, so they won’t get caught . Traffickers will usually take a victim across a border so, the policies jurisdictions don’t make connections. Exploiters claim that, “more than 150 billion each year (“Who Are Human Traffickers” p.1)”.
Human trafficking is the fastest growing crime in the entire world and is considered modern day slavery. Almost 80% of trafficking is through sexual exploitation, which means that it primarily affects women and girls (UNODC, 2009). Victims are often tricked into the business through promise of work or a better life and sometimes just randomly stolen right from their homes. However, this is not just an issue overseas. Michigan is listed as the state with the second highest rates of human trafficking.
“The world will not be destroyed by those who do evil but by those who watch them without doing anything”-Albert Einstein Human Trafficking is the trade of humans for the purpose of sexual slavery, forced labour, organs removal, commercial sex exploitation and economic exploitation. Normally, trafficking is done by threat, compulsion, abduction, fraud, misleading, abuse of power, vulnerability, giving payments or benefits to a person in control of the victim .Trafficking in person is a serious crime and dignified violation of human rights . Most of people nowadays do not know that human slavery still exists; after it was abolished 150 years ago, its proven when there is an auction of young women intended for sexual slavery occurred publicly in Britain highly policed location and another auction even took place in front of a café at Greenwich Airport, Britain (News by BBC UK, 4 June 2006, 14.31 GMT). These crimes have been booming and become a global phenomenon when victims from at least 153 countries were detected in 124 countries worldwide between 2010 and 2012.