For Hindus, The Ramayana is more than an exhilarating tale of love and war. The ancient epic provides guidance on marriage, values human imperfection, glorifies nature, and emphasizes the auspiciousness of the stars. While the first version of The Ramayana appeared around two thousand years ago, the ideas that pervade it continue to influence Hindu life. Marital Devotion The theme of marital devotion functions as the plot’s impetus. The discordance between two separate depictions of marriage in The Ramayana force the reader to look at the text more closely to discern the true nature of the ideal marriage.
It tells the story of Rama (The seventh avatar of the Hindu supreme god Vishnu) whose wife Sita was kidnapped by the king of Lanka (Current Sri Lanka) and his name was Ravana. This myth defines the culture and style life of Hindu people, it also explores human worries, concerns, values, in a dramatic concept. This myth has great influence on Hindu life and culture. It is not just a story it presents the teaching of ancient Hindu Mentors in narrative story. This myth represents moral and religious elements as one can notice the hero’s of the story Rama, Sita, Lakshman, Bharata, Hanuman, and Ravana are all faithful and conscious of the Indian and Nepal culture.
Balaram derives this lesson from the biography of Pasteur. Balaram’s own version of scientific reason coupled with practical passion leads him to realize that Alu’s organs “correspond exactly to his calculations of the proportions ideal for a weaver”( The Circle of Reason 59). Balaram even interprets the ‘loom’ as the ultimate symbol of history and hope, of unity and understanding. In shloka 7 of the 7th chapter of Bhagavad Gita Lord Krishna urges Arjuna to realize that the entire universe is contained in Him just as threads are woven into one whole. The realization and visualization of the one and only ‘Brahma’ in everything and everywhere is, as Bhagavad Gita tells us, the step toward attaining ‘moksha’ or complete spiritual liberation.
The traditional Jains, like Buddhists and Hindus, believe in the efficacy of mantras and that certain sounds and words are inherently auspicious, powerful and spiritual. The most famous of the mantras, broadly accepted in various sects of Jainism, is the "five homages" mantra which is believed to be eternal and existent since the first ford-makers time. The medieval era Jain worship practices, according to Ellen Gough, also developed tantric diagrams of the Rishi-mandala where the Tirthankaras are portrayed. The Tantric traditions within Jainism use mantra and rituals that are believed to accrue merit for rebirth realms. In Jainism, all life has a soul, from bacteria to plants, to animals, and to humans.
Like observed by Ramanujan, the difference in the way the episode of Ahalya has been narrated by Valmiki and Kampan can be traced to the influence Tamil bhakti had on Kampan. Religion has not only had an effect on the way the story is narrated but a few religious beliefs like that of the Jains about Ravana has the effect of adding a completely new dimension to the story. As per the Hindu belief Rama has always been worshiped as God but the Jains on the other hand are a strong believer of that the Hindu version of Ramayana is highly exaggerated and unreasonable. The Jains have stories which portray Ravana as a noble man who got carried away by the beauty of a women and that ultimately lead to his end. Also, the Hindus worship Rama as Lord whereas the Jains believe him to be an evolved Jain man who is in his last birth hence, does not commit a sin by killing Ravana.
In the extensive literature of the Upanishads, the Indian mind showed its first awareness of the problems of the nature and destiny of man. The question of the meaning and goal of life, the presence or utility of value in life came to the forefront. There was always a wholehearted progress in idealizing the concept of Atma’ or ‘Brahman’ until it reaches very close or rather becomes unified with the common human lives on this real earth. So, the Vedic period itself was a broad field of experiment over ‘Humanism’. It was, as if, an inevitable evolution of humanism on the way of knowing ‘Atman’ or ‘Brahman’ concluding that, ‘serving human is serving the God’.
He learned how to free everything, his dreams, his desires, his cloths and all the trappings in life. He renounces the pleasure in this world and the desires in the self. But after all he realized that by destroying his self and his will is not the answer. He doubted about his life with samanas in seeking Nirvana. He shared his thoughts to Govinda that by self-denial is not the answer.
Jain religion also gived eight deeds for the moksh of particular person and how to get moksh. Jain religion were divided into four group bikshus , nuns , sravakas and sravikas.The text of Jainism were written in prakrit language. Books are known as purvas. Jainism was totaly against the sacrifices and castism and deterrmination of gender. He revolt against it and
This concept of Moksha is very similar to the Buddhist notions of Nirvana or Satori. However, unlike Hindus, Buddhists are against the caste system and reject the concept of Atman, which is the belief that a soul or eternal self exists in every being. Two crucial beliefs in Buddhism are the Noble Eightfold Path and the Middle Way. If followed, the Noble Eightfold Path is thought to help one attain Nirvana, and is often divided into three categories: wisdom, morality, and concentration. The Middle Way is another right path for Buddhists to follow, and is described by the Buddha as moderation between the extremes of self-mortification and indulgence.
Hindu law,belief, and rites of passage. Upanishads are philosophical texts that deal with reality and eternity. It introduces the issue of reincarnation. Bhagavad-Gita is an epic poem that is written in the form of a dialogue between the hero Arjuna and the deity Krishna. The Hindus believe there is only one true god who is the creator of the universe.