I argue that living spontaneously is not pessimistic. In Mencian view on moral cultivation, it is optimistic that human nature is good, and everyone can be as virtuous as sages. Mencius 6A/7 states that we are the same kind as sages, the only difference is that the sages have already got what the heart is approved of. Mencius 6A/6 and 7A/3 also states that we can get it (morality) if we seek it. Mencius 7A/3 and 7B/24 explicitly argue that morality is natural to us, hence we should treat it as fate, which we cannot control.
Mills explains Utilitarianism as achieving life’s goals, it is what everyone wants or seek for. He further explains that utilitarianism promotes the quality of life. Furthermore, utilitarianism is connected to happiness, because we all seek to achieve different goals in life, and those goals are what makes up happy. We all want certain things in life, or want to achieve certain things. Utilitarianism promotes happiness, happiness exclude pain, suffering, struggles, stress, and anything that makes one ‘unhappy’ or ‘sad’.
Since Taylor states that all living things have equal inherent worth, humans, acting as rational moral agents, are required to respect the moral equality of teleological centers of life and give the same respect to non-human animals that they do to human beings. If animals are harmed for
In Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle contributes subjects such as art, actions, pursuit, and inquiry to the nature of humans. He categorizes all of these elements as good and argues that goodness is essential and inter-webbed in the nature of humans. Not only does he describe goodness as merely an intricate part of human nature, but also he states that is good that is at the center of the human aim. Thus, it is the nature of humans to seek, establish, create, and exert goodness amongst other human beings, the overall universe, and us. Aristotle argues that because goodness is natural to humans, knowledge of goodness is natural to humans as well.
The divine command theory, utilitarianism, Kant’s duty defined morality, natural law theory, and Aristotle’s virtue ethics are the five types of ethical theories. The divine command theory states that what is morally right and wrong will be decided by God. Utilitarianism states that “Action “A” is morally right if and only if it produces the greatest amount of overall happiness. Kant’s duty defined morality states that what is important is acting for the sake of producing good consequences, no matter what the act is. Natural law theory states that people should focus on the good and avoid any evil.
My personal belief is that our differences are the things that bring us closer together, having a contrasting character makes you stand out. We each shape our own destiny and to take advantage of any situation in our lives, we have to view the different perspectives life gives us. Each person has a part in the shaping of others destiny’s. I always try to stay positive and encourage people to do the same, this way we encourage happiness. To serve others you need a favorable character, which I believe I posses.
Equality has a philosophy that should be adopted by everyone. He values individuality. He recognizes how important choice is and how it makes it meaningful life. The three main traits he portrays are being his own person, how choice is paramount, and, the importance of following his gut. To start, Equality feels it is important to be true to himself.
This principle highlights the right for everyone to live with consideration given to the fact that life is sacred and should be protected. Employees are all treated with respect and provided an opportunity to voice their opinion on decisions that affect them. This establishes
Social justice is promoting a just society by challenging injustice and valuing diversity. It exists when all people share a common humanity and therefore have a right to equitable treatment, support for their human rights and a fair allocation of community resources. Depending on what the counselor’s beliefs are they have to be able to empathize. As a counselor our standards may play a critical role for us, as they provide our profession with a strong sense of where we have been, who we are and where we are
With the idea of a categorical imperative for a duty, it follows the though of it being pure. Being a pure thought and taken from experiences we can get morally actions as they are truly intuitive. Such as helping one another is moral and priori. Although we can be taught to help others, all are born with the thought of helping each other. It follows the rules of nature, as humans are social creature.
Carleton’s policy states, “In a civil, safe, and healthy community, members take responsibility for their own actions, and consider the impact that their choices will have on others. All members have a duty to accept their obligations to the group, and to act for the common good.” Carleton
Mill’s assertions are important because he determines that everyone has a right to act of their own volition, provided that they do not harm others. Although Immanuel Kant rejects Utilitarianism, his insights are relevant to the issue of ethics in terms of protecting an individual’s rights. Kant fundamentally believes that human
The meaning of life is whatever we choose it to be. We are in control of given our life meaning, it 's all a matter of perspective. If you decided you want to live your life a certain way and that way makes you happy, then you 're given your life meaning. The meaning of life to me is just to live a healthy, happy, honest lifestyle. A life I can look back at and feel proud of.