Humanism In Comparative Literature

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“If one cannot recognize the divinity in the prophets of other nations, then one cannot wholly realize the divinity of one’s own prophet,” is an adage. The function of a Comparative Literature is to analyse and appreciate the artistic values, and lasting impressions of different literary works in a broader spectrum. The benefits to be gained from cross-cultural or cross-national works involve deeper understanding of other cultures and enriching the process of research. In this analysis, Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882), an American essayist, orator, and poet, the exponent of Transcendentalist movement – represents the west, while Chinnaswami Subramanya Bharathi (1882–1921), an Indian Tamil Poet laureate, writer and journalist, a social reformer…show more content…
This philosophy of value shows interest in the fundamental problems of existence, and in finding the suitable answers to the human complexities. For ages, the Oriental philosophy was keen on seeking the answers within the human nature; while the western philosophy began its probe into the external objective world; which later, the Greek philosophy in particular, gradually turned its eyes on the ‘man’ himself. The shifting of interest from nature to man leads to the study of human mind, human knowledge, and of human values. Of these studies, attention was centered more particularly on values of ethics, and the chief question for philosophy of life became: what is the highest good, what is the end and aim of…show more content…
Therefore, the problem of study aims at unraveling human attitudes with respect to human indifferences, such as selfishness, greed, slavery, and exploitation; unleashed in the names of caste, creed, religion, culture, tradition and nationality. Considering that Ralph Waldo Emerson representing the West and C.Subramanya Bharathi representing the East are the keen observers of human attitude and the best masters of human society, the comparative analysis focuses on the practical application of values in the pragmatic thought process of these idealists. In this attempt it unravels the likeliness and differences in their undercurrents of philosophy and practice out of their national mission. Eventually, the study foregrounds the ‘values,’ that give sustainability to human society, which keep away from further deterioration. Besides, it also highlights the transcending quality of the values in universal pattern, which is beyond human; all encompassing attitude of humans, animals, and

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