Some ways that Athens became so superior was because of their cultural achievements made by the people, the government of the city-state, and the geography of this admirable yet still growing city-state. Athens undoubtedly had more cultural achievements than Sparta. One way they had more cultural achievements was because when Doc B states, “On April 6, 1896, the first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens, Greece.” The reason this made them better is because These games are still going on today because of how popular they were through all of the time from the Greeks to the americans. These olympic games have lasted now for over 122 years. Another reason Athens had better cultural achievements was because Doc A states, “The Athenian leader Cleisthenes introduced a system of political reforms that he called demokratia, or rule by the people.” In fact, this government is still going on today and is in many countries including the best America.
3. Compare and contrast the idea of democracy in Ancient Greece and Rome. Which system was more democratic and why? Democracy is the modern day standard for governmental systems. However up until 500 BCE, the concept of Democracy was a foreign concept, and the great civilizations of that era were run by monarchs, aristocrats, and religious leaders of sorts.
Olympic gold is sought after by present day Olympians, and represents victory for the athlete and their country. Successful athletes achieve great honor and respect for their victory when engaged in competition. Pindar’s epinician poetry celebrated Greek ethos during such competition. His victorious athletes were rewarded through epinikia (Kyle 194). Pindar’s victory odes expressed the importance of piety among the athletes with regard to how they prepared for a competition in order to become the victor (195).
This means that the country is governed by the same royal family due to their lineage. Monarchy is found throughout Ancient Greece wether it be in Sparta 's two kings, Athens kings, or even in Macedonia with King Phillip II and Alexander the great. Monarchy within the Ancient Greek states was both obsolete and tested. Within the Spartan culture, kings were able to be balanced out by Ephors, which were elite members voted in by Spartan citizens. The Ephors were a good example of the Aristocracy because they were aristocratic men of the Spartan society that were voted into the elite ranks of government.
“The Republic” is a book written by Plato in 380B.C. and was considered one of the most important works of political theory. Plato was born in 428 B.C., he founded the Academy in Athens where he gave higher learning for people. He believed that the Academy would produce future leaders who could help his country become a luxurious and just. His idea was that a just city is a city where every part of it does its own work without interfering in others work (principle of specialization).
Introduction The city-states of Athens and Greece were ruled by a diverse range of governments. Under these were the monarchy, the aristocracy, the tyranny, the oligarchy and the democracy. In this paper we will compare and contrast these 5 forms of governments in ancient Greek city-states. The Monarchy A monarchy is a type of government most recognizable by the fact that power rests in the hands of one person. Usually in the past, monarchies have been ruled by kings, together with his advisors.
His leadership was not to be a monarchy, which the Romans equated to slavery, but instead a leader of the people. Octavian managed to secure his power by doing what was best for the state. Octavian believed that the state was responsible for promoting a good life for its citizens and thus initiated many reforms to better the state and, therefore, the lives of the people. When Aristides gained citizenship he praised Rome stating, “You have divided into two parts all men throughout your empire... everywhere giving citizenship to all those who are more accomplished, noble, and powerful, even as they retain their nativeborn identities, while the rest you have made subjects and the governed.” With faith restored in the state, and reason once again to be loyal, Rome continued to expand its
How did democracy develop in Athens? Athens is the birthplace of democracy. At first, Athens was a polis which was under a monarchy. Then a king made himself one of the archons which is an elected leader to rule the city which was an aristocracy because only the wealthy and special families could become archons. Athenians appointed Draco to create laws which established equity and stability.
Pericles, the author of the speech, was a general of Athens in the fifth century BCE. Often regarded as the greatest ruler of Athens and even all of Greece, Pericles fostered the famous democracy of Greece and supervised countless theater, statue, and infrastructure building projects. However, the majority of his rule occurred during the initial crumbling of Greece–the Peloponnesian War. In this deadly conflict between the city states of Athens and Sparta, both militaries fought for the title of the overarching ruler of the Mediterranean. Pericles gave this legendary speech after a major loss with the Spartans, in combination with funerals honoring the dead, hence the speech’s title.
Literature as a whole is a direct representation of human existence and the beauty of the Greek drama is that it is portrayed in front of an audience, and as the words are being spoken the audience can directly relate and comprehend the actions of the characters. Hence, the theme of exile of Orestes in the Eumenides in the third part of the Oresteia is a lot more than alienating him from the rest of the world - it becomes a stepping stone for him to break free from political and social strife, question laws and believes that have been set down for many years and, bestow a new power upon himself and his society under a new form of justice. The Greek custom of exile was known as Ostracism.
Introduction The Athenians and Spartans were rulers in their own right and developed different political systems. Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece, the birthplace of democracy. Athenians were patrons that support, protects, and believed in living and dying as a champion. Their foundation was primarily focused on economic growth. Spartans believed in being resilient and self-disciplined.
Greece DBQ Theater, government, and religion were all essential parts of ancient Greek culture. A unique trait which all of these aspects of ancient Greek society shared was progression and development. Theater progressed from simply relaying stories to tackling controversial topics which sparked discussion. Government showed growth and progression in both Sparta and Athens. Sparta developed a militaristic society which eliminated socioeconomic inequality and Athens’s monarchy evolved into a free democracy where people’s voices were heard.
Therefore, competitions between city-states began as the desire to be the strongest and most respected state was prominent. For these states to reach their goals, a leader needed to come forward and guide the people effectively. A prominent man known as Solon chose to take leadership in the city-state of Athens in 594 BCE in an attempt to successfully lead his citizens by introducing his own reforms (Lewis 2009, 123). Another leader known as Lycurgus stepped forward to control the citizens of Sparta during the ninth century. The comparison of these two men is presented because they had similar ambitions as well as setbacks and obstacles, but chose to lead as governments in very different manners.
Pericles has had interest and experience in military expertise so he has decided to run as a top general of Athens. He has visions of dedicating a temple to our goddess Athena. Pericles also wants to improve the economy and the wealth of Athens, who doesn’t want that to happen. His big idea to change our economy for the better, Pericles wants to bring the Delian league to Athens. To do this he will have to bring the treasury from the unbiased city of Delos to Athens.