Humanist Theory In Health And Social Care

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Explain relevant theories of communication (humanist, behaviourist, cognitive, psycho-analytical) including an example of how each may be applied in a health and social care setting
Humanistic Theory
Humanistic Theory was theorised by Carl Rogers (1946) and Abraham Maslow (1943). Humanism is the study of a person as a whole. Carl Rogers believed that people can fulfil their potential if they have positive self-regard. This can only happen if they feel valued and respected by those around them. Rogers believed that most people only feel loved and valued if they meet conditions of worth, for example, behaving well. Maslow believed that there was a hierarchy of needs including physical needs, safety needs, belonging needs and self-esteem needs.
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The theory is that behaviour is determined by the external environment. It is a part of psychology that is not related to the study of consciousness instead the study of behaviour within itself. Behavioural theory was founded and influenced in the early 20th century by John B Watson, Ivan Pavlov and BF Skinner. John Watson theorized classical behaviourism which is the objective study of behaviour. Ivan Pavlov theorized classical conditioning where in an experiment dogs associated food with the arrival of the laboratory assistant through learned behaviour through an external stimulus. BF Skinner coined the term ‘Radical Behaviourism’ which theorizes that all action is predetermined and not…show more content…
For example
Challenging behaviour
Learning disabilities

Analyse the use of strategies to support service users with specific communication needs
For example
Alzheimer’s
Dementia

Explain how the communication process is influenced by values and cultural factors

Explain how legislation, charters and codes of practice impact on the communication processes in health and social care
Pick different sets of legislation and explain how each
Law – group of laws
Charters - for example
CQC -
Voices into Action
Department of Health Information charter
Codes of practice
Health and care professions council standards of proficiency for social workers
Nursing and midwifery code of conduct
Caldicott principles
Organisational codes of practice
For example whistleblowing Complaints
Record keeping
Health and safety (fire safety)
Always putting the service user at the centre

For example
Children act 1989 –
All children are entitled to an advocate – gets a voice
All children get a befriender, independent visitor
Wishes and feelings are respected by people
Looked after children
Welfare checklist
Parental responsibility
Disclosure of information

UNCRC – united nations convention on the rights of a
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