Second genuineness is to share open honest communication and be vulnerable to the client, so the client can do the same. Thirdly the counselor expresses empathetic understanding, so the client can mirror and reflect their feelings and thoughts in the sessions. Experience is the major factor that make the client become strong, stern and except to life’s challenges. Often decisions are difficult to make in experiences.
When looking at the holistic approach to counseling we also want to as Adler says praise the effort someone is giving and not necessarily the end result. This approach to helping is user friendly and supportive and an advantage to this technique is that it can be flexible and that it does integrate other approaches as well. Adlerian counseling is broken down into four stages. They are building a trusting relationship, the assessment stage, promoting insight, and the reorientation stage. In stage one the counselor is building a trusting relationship with the client.
concentrating on or close/narrow attn to what is imp and what is currently being discussed, involves attending to problems/feelings as they arise, ability to focus encourages the client to work on present problems where there are attainable goals vs focusing on past unchangeable ones, leads to direction in therapy which results in creation of goals and plan to achieve Genuineness Ability of counselor to be freely themselves. Includes congruence between outer words/behaviors and inner feelings; nondefensiveness; non-role-playing; and being unpretentious. Guidance Practitioner which refer to a persons who practice a profession technique or occupation of a guidance counselor including the profile of age, gender, civil status, educational attainment, major, assignments & years of service. Immediacy according. To Rogers.
They also keep their personal issues away from clients. Effective psychotherapist form working alliances with a range of clients. These alliances are used to form therapeutic bonds and trust between the client and therapist during the initial stage. Effective psychotherapists also seek to improve themselves and their skills at all times (Wampold,
The therapist experiences unconditional positive regard for the client The therapist accepts the person as they are, puts no condition on valuing them, separates the behaviour from the person. When they know they are not being judged, it allows the client to think perhaps they do not have to judge themselves (Rogers, 1975?) 5. The therapist experiences an empathic understanding of the client’s frame of reference and communicates this experience to the client When the client is empathically heard, they get greater understanding of themselves. (Rogers, 1979) 6.
According to Rodgers it is the most important attribute for the therapist to have congruence as it is all about the therapist being genuine(Mcleod,2008). Mearns and Thorpe defined congruence as “the state of being of a counsellor when her out ward responses to the client consistently match the inner feelings and sensations which she has in relation to the client”(2007). In other words it develops a sense of trust between the client and therapist and allows the client to open up to the therapist because they feel safe in the envoinment they are in and they trust the therapist. Therapists and counsellors say that congruence is not a skill that one can simply have but really it is a way of being. A person-centred therapist will aim to be real and sincere in the session as this creates that sense of trust in the relationship and a positive flow of energy between the client and the
Humanistic medicine is medical treatment where doctors interact with patients. For example, doctors listen to patients, communicate with them openly, show them empathy and bedside manner. There are three important points about humanistic medicine. First, practicing humanistic medicine will improve effect of the treatment. Because by practicing humanistic medicine, the doctors can earn the patients’ trust.
Hence, it is not surprising that they focus on either thoughts or behaviours as reasons for emotional disturbances. Adlerian therapy and REBT attributes emotional problems mainly to unconscious schemas. They look to correct mistaken logic and faulty thinking to evoke behavioural and emotional changes. While Reality therapists are also concerned about the client’s thinking, it differs from the others as, the first point of change is usually behaviour. Reality therapists do not focus on mistaken thoughts but rather, ineffective actions that clients engage in in attempts to achieve goals and needs they have in mind, in their Quality World.
The id is reflected on the all of your needs and urges. Another theorist Erickson thought that personality developed through a lot of different stages and that specific problem came up at each level. Which he believed that as long as the person overcame the problems then the person would get through level. Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow are psychologies more Humanist theorists. Humanist emphasize on the need of free will and the act of individual life situations.
This strategy attempts to find common ground with the client through discussion and active listening (Kensit, 2000). Moreover, for the counselor to be genuine and hold unconditional positive regard for the client, they have to be nonjudgmental, sympathetic, and empathetic towards their client, no matter how their worldviews differ (Kensit, 2000). Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), takes on a different form using a philosophical bend to address the cognitive and behavioral issues of the client (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley, 2000). In the counseling sessions, the client and counselor typically focus on a set of problem and create therapeutic goals based on the client’s values (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley, 2000). After these problem areas have been address the counselor would then be interested in evaluating the core beliefs of the client and determine if they are causing more deep rooted problem areas (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley,