The population this theory applies to all ethnicities, religions, races, orientations, social economic status and abilities .The school this theory is related to the Humanistic School of Thought. Humanistic School of thought , is the concept of the practitioner viewing the client circumstance through the client eyes and their personal view. The major theorist that is associated with the theory is Carl Rogers. The main goal is to eliminate any issues that the client may have that could deter them to reach their full potential. Through-out the therapeutic process the practitioner should help the client understand and accept how they view their self-versus how they are actually.
The cognitive theory focuses on how people learn from the processing of information. It discusses the concept such as memory, problem-solving as well as decision-making. Like behaviourists, they observed actions empirically to make interpretations about the internal mental progression (Yilmaz, 2011). According to Kuljis & Lui (2005) and Taylor et al. (2000), focus on arguments on how student learn large volumes of meaningful information by exposing them to a verbal teaching method.
Aldo, behaviour is determined by reinforcement of the things that is done which are either positive or negative. However, according to Cherry (2018) Behaviourism is acquired through conditioning which happens through interacting with the environment. These conditions are classified as operant and classical conditioning. Operant conditioning learnt through reinforcement and punishment while classical conditioning is informing by association between two stimuli (Cherry, 2017). In light of the case study, the healthcare staff can use the behaviourism theory to understand the behaviour of service users and why they are behaving in such manner.
In the Article, “Humanist,” by Armineh Noravian reflects on the concept of being a humanist. Although he is motivated by empathy to help others, he states that it is an act that is used to satisfy one’s own sense ‘duty’ and only temporarily provides for those in need. Suggesting that humanists should help people prevent them from becoming self-sufficient and shouldn’t make others subject to one’s empathy.
The consultant used the Behavioral Consultation Model (BCM) as a guiding framework to assist the HTC in attaining the desired goals for the organization. The model uses direct behavior-based consultation to provide a remedial and preventive focus to assist consultees in achieving and maintaining their goals. The BCM is based on changing the behavior to bring about the expected outcome. The model looks at specific behaviors that need to be changed for success. As an asset, the BCM uses a baseline and measurements to evaluate the effectiveness of the behavioral changes.
He critically observes the human behavior and personality. He figures out the authoritative and dominating factors that shape the person 's personality, thinking, cognition and motivational processes. According to Mulhollem,"Bandura simply observing the others and incorporating this concept into his theory". Social cognitive theory is a crust of the psychosocial, cognitive and behavior processing. This theory clearly asserts the humanistic elements such as individuality, contemplative self-awareness and cogitative reaction.
Therapies are treatment methods aimed to help people feel better and function more effectively. There are three main forms of psychotherapy; Cognitive, Humanistic, and Behavioral. Cognitive therapy emphasizes on a person’s thoughts as cause and means of intervention for abnormal behavior rather than their actions. Cognitive therapist theorize that a dysfunctional way of thinking lead to dysfunctional emotions and behavior. This explains why their goal is to change a patient’s thoughts because it will change how they feel and what they do.
60-61). In humanistic perspective, people have free will and have the power of shaping the future on their own and also people know what is best for them. Moreover, the aim of humanistic psychology is to make people make their own choices and fulfill their potential. The pioneers of the humanistic perspective are Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow. 1.
Rogers hypothesizes whether there can be a change in personality. After clarifying his assumption, he carries on into the environments and generates the features to meet in person’s existence. Carl Rogers demonstrates humanistic ideologies in clinical surroundings, where he proposes a patient-centered methodology to psychoanalysis. Similar to other humanists, Rogers believes self-actualization to be natural, but also believes it can be developed. Since people each other, he believes that self-actualizing does not need isolation from other desires, and can get clinically addressed.
Rationalism and empiricism are two methods that can be understood under the concept of epistemology, psychology and philosophy of psychology to understand where the source of knowledge comes from. “In psychology and its philosophy, empiricism and rationalism concern the sources of psychological states and capacities that may include, but are not confined to, state of knowledge (Longworth, 2009).” Rationalism states a priori knowledge, deduction and the concept of an active mind. According to rationalist, our minds have innate set of principles and skills. If we only use our logic in accordance with these principles is enough to obtain accurate information about all the objects that make up the universe. “Knowledge of a particular subject