Humanitarianism And Humanitarianism

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Defined as the promotion of human welfare in the Oxford dictionary, humanitarianism, contrary to popular belief, is not a modern practice. According to western literature and Michael Barnett in “Empire of Humanity: A history of Humanitarianism”, the moral idea behind humanitarianism originated in the West in the nineteenth century during the Enlightenment period in Europe and grew exponentially to presently become a global theory and practice. Barnett suggests three ages of humanitarianism; imperial (from the nineteenth century until World War 2), postcolonial (from World War 2 to the end of the Cold War) and liberal (from the end of the Cold War to today) calling the last age “liberal humanitarianism” and tying it to globalization, democracy and human rights as well as the emergence of many international humanitarian organizations in the twentieth century. Furthermore and according to Eleanor Davey in a ‘History of the Humanitarian system”, Humanitarian action can be also traced “through hundreds of years of history” to Christian ideas of charity and altruism particularly important in Europe and North America.
Nowadays and in practice, the modern humanitarian system is impulsively linked to that of the International Red Cross committee (ICRC), the United Nations (UN) and Western non-governmental organizations. In 1863, the International Red Cross committee was created stating it is “an independent, neutral organization ensuring humanitarian protection and assistance for
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