Compare And Contrast Akbar And Mughal Empire

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Preface:
From 1540-1553 Humayun was in exile after his empire was conquered by the Surs in Sind and Rajasthan. After forming an army in 1553 he reoccupied Kabul . From Kabul Humayun tried to duplicate his father’s conquest of northern India. In late 1554, Humayun led his army from Kabul back to the northern Indian plain where he met very little resistance from Sur rulers except for Punjab. Sikandar Shah Sur ruler of Punjab fought a hard battle and lost in the hands of the mighty Mughal armies. Humayun completed restoration of his kingdom by mid-1555. Humayun passed away in 1556.

AKBAR 1556-1605
At the age of 12, Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar was crowned as the heir to Mughal Empire. Bairam Khan, a member of Humayun’s nobility acted as protector
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The two main sources of wealth were Agriculture, Towns, Trade etc. Secondly, Tax collection efficiency. Agricultural Production was increased during Akbar’s reign by improving technology. The technology of irrigation was also improving constantly like wells and tanks. The Mughal administration did much to support such innovation. The madag lake is an example of improvement in irrigation technology during his rule. Taxation was altered to provide incentives for increased cultivation. The Ai’in-i Akbari lists almost 30 different types of crops grown. Towns were also developed with market as focal point for trading. International trade routes were established. The major routes were those leading from China to Europe through India, those going to the African ports of Malinde, Mombasa and Kilwa, and those between Bengal and South East Asia. Gujarat exported rice, cloth, jewels and indigo; Bengal exported pepper, incense, textiles, safron and quicksilver. The economic and agricultural growth was possible due to the stability of the empire mainly resulting due to Akbar’s nobility. The power of zamindars was constrained. Akbar also increased the percentage of the total wealth collected in tax. Battle plunder was also a major source of

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