Hume's Theory Of Morality

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In this paper I will discuss Hume 's notion of morality and compare his understanding of morality with Mill 's utilitarianism and Kant 's deontology ethics. I will dwell into the moral pillars of the Humean ethics and confer his moral principles in sentiments. furthermore, I will talk about Mill 's utilitarian ethics and contrast his notion of happiness with the role of sentiments in Hume 's understanding. on the other hand, I will contrast these two notions of morality with Kant 's deontological principle. Finally, I will contrast the role of reason in Kant 's ethics with the role of sentiments in Humean ethics. Hume believes that moral distinctions are derived from sentiment and not reason. Hume in his book argues that moral good and evil are not discovered by reason alone.. The fundamental role goes on the other hand for passions. In his moral theory we stress on 5 important aspects. First, his approach is an empirical or what is also known as naturalistic approach. Second, to Hume moral judgments are a product of sentiment. Third, his ethics encompasses a huge set of virtues. Fourth, reason plays a minimal role in ethics. And fifth, he believes that morality is independent from religion. Hume 's approach is a naturalistic or empirical approach for many reasons. He explains all human nature aspects naturalistically- how we conduct moral judgments and why we have religious beliefs. He analyzes human morality the same way he analyzes their understanding. To
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