Introduction. Food security is one of the biggest problems facing the African content in the world today. Due to climate change, rapid population growth and various other factors, many citizens living in Africa cannot maintain a healthy eating diet due to inadequate access or lack of income, this causes a high percentage of individuals to live way below the required amount of food needed to be consumed on a daily basis in order to be healthy and productive. A lack of food security can lead to malnutrition, diarrhoea and foodborne which worsen the problem of food security and becomes a problem on its own. With help from other states the African Union aims to alleviate the food security problem and ensure a better life for all Africans.
Therefore in other to keep up with the rising demand of the growing population (not to improve the current situation), food production must increase by 70 percent by 2050 according to FAO. Sub-Saharan Africa has been noted to have the highest proportion of undernourished people in any region. Thus one in four are chronically hungry which reflects that increasing population growth leads to the worsening of the food security problem. The number of hungry people on the African continent continues to
Progress and improvement in human development invariably promotes success in food security (Conceicao, Fuentes-Nieva, Horn-Phathanothai, & Ngororano, 2011). Sen (1982) showed that extensive hunger occurred when certain groups could not purchase food, either because of a spike in prices or a fall in wages or both. The achievement of food security requires governments to address both food supply and demand, such as avoiding failures in: production, trade and response (Devereux, 2009). Causes of Food crisis A combination of factors has caused the food crisis during the second half of the 20th century, in Africa, however, all the crisis stemmed from failed harvests due weather extremes. The climatic challenge is exaxerbated by inadequate infrastructure, lack of mechanization, and constraints in access to credit, insurance, and agricultural markets (Conceicao, et al., 2011).
In 2012, Mark Tran, a reporter of The Guardian, wrote: “At the best of times this vast landlocked country [Niger] – whose estimated 14.7 million people mostly live along a narrow strip of arable land on its southern border – has trouble feeding itself” (Tran). According to the Nigerien government, “Up to 6 million people in Niger are facing severe food shortages with agencies calling for $1 billion to head off the impending crisis” (Nigerien Honorary Consulate UK). This suggest that structural problems in the agricultural sector and climate changes have led the country to food insecurity which end up in famine in the worst case scenario. The underdevelopment of Niger’s agricultural sector unable the country to satisfy its own food demand and this largely contribute to the global underdevelopment of the country. Knowing that agriculture is only the second largest source of export, one might wonder the role played by Niger’s
Due to the widespread corruption, the economy of Zimbabwe has declined significantly which result in increasing the poverty and the unemployment rate. However, it is crucial to stress that Zimbabwe is not just a country which only experiencing a normal recession during the global economic crisis. On the contrary, it is a country with severe market inefficiencies which result in a critical economic depression for the past 10 years. http://africaecon.org/index.php/exclusives/read_exclusive/1/2 The existence of rampant corruption in Zimbabwe has led some people to suggest that Zimbabwean are corrupt by nature. This is not true because there is
Do you think you would be able to survive if you eat one meal per day? That is the fate of Ethiopians when famine strikes. Famine not only causes starvation for thousands of Ethiopians, but it also spreads diseases and affects the country’s economy (encyclopedia.com). Researchers have confirmed that the lessening of famine will reduce stunting and undernutrition throughout people. Death, starvation, and diseases are certainly factors that will scale down as well (wfp.org).
The food inflation averaged 65.68 percent from 2009 until 2015. However, the cost of food reached it’s highest of 315 percent in 2015. It has make it so hard for the people to afford the basic need of survival, food. Also, there is a lack The economy has crushed and corruption has sought with criminal allegations reaching the highest levels. Violence has increased and the citizens’ daily life goes harder by the hour.
LO Speech Loyiso Mbere Did you know that more than 12million South Africans will go to bed hungry tonight? Did you know that in in Johannesburg ONLY, 43% of poor face starvation and malnutrition? According to the UN Food and Agricultural Organisation, 870 million people worldwide are chronically undernourished, 234million of them living in sub-Saharan Africa. This is where the initiative Stop Hunger Now comes in. Stop Hunger Now is an international hunger relief non-profit organisation whose aim is to end world hunger by coordinating packaging events, and by distributing food and other life-saving aid to those in need in developing nations.
This situation is still the reality of energy insecurity in Africa on the increased demand due to growing population and the decline of the traditional fossil fuels. Effects of climate change Looking at the negative impacts of climate change on economic growth and sustainable development in Africa, which has limited the ability of African countries to deal with climate change with a focus on the development of the continent. Africa is diverse: the 53 countries have a different topology, resources, size, population and cultures and the differences of experience in development and performance. Interestingly, all African countries are facing these global climate changes that threaten their efforts from development and perspective. The poor are particularly affected because of their vulnerability to the impacts of climate change.
The pest has also shown a rising bias the past couple accounting for the nations low development indicators and its ranking alongside the poorest nation in the world (united nation, 2001 and OXFAM, 2003). The question is why are Nigerians poor despite the formable of government? Edoh (2003:71) summary the answer by identifies the cause of poverty in Nigeria which is corruption and embezzlement, poor leadership, lack of basic infrastructure and rapid population growth The Way Forward and Recommendation for Nigeria