Huntington's Theory Of Clash Of Civilizations

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HUNTNGTON KIN-COUNTRY SYNDROME IN U.S ATTITUDES TOWARDS PALESTINIAN –ISRAELI ISSUE Written by Yuliana Dolok Saribu-016201400179-IR Diplomacy 2 Batch 2014 ________________________________________ Introduction The theory of clash of civilizations was brought by Samuel P. Huntington in the year of 1993. In his theory, Huntington believe that the world is reaching a new stage of conflict called the conflict/clash of civilizations with the great divisions among humankind and the dominating source of conflict will be based on cultural (Huntington, 1993). What does Huntington means by a civilization here? A Civilization is the highest cultural groupings based on common objective elements, such as language, history, religion, customs, institutions, and by the subjective self-identification of people which differentiate humans from another species (Huntington, 1993). Thus, Huntington emphasized that in understanding the world politics in the twenty first century is in the civilizations rather than the nation-states. In Huntington’s theory, he divines the world into seven or eight major civilizations which are Western, Confucian, Japanese, Islamic, Hindu, Slavic-Orthodox, Latin American and possibly African civilization. Furthermore, as the civilization identity is basic thing in the life, the world will be shaped in large measure by the interactions among civilizations which could lead into a serious conflict. Also he stated the kin-country syndrome. The kin-country syndrome means

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