To what extent do you agree with President Bush´s description of Hurricane Katrina as a natural disaster? In August 2005, over 1,700 people lost their lives as a result of Category 5 hurricane Katrina. The hurricane affected over 90,000 square miles in many of the Gulf Coast states, under which Florida, Alabama, Louisiana and Mississippi. (Hurricane Katrina). However, it particularly damaged New Orleans, due to its poor infrastructure and unfortunate geographical location.
“Hurricane Katrina itself did a great deal of damage, but its aftermath was catastrophic” (History). On August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina made landfall at 6:10 am on the Louisiana Coast as a category 4 storm. As with many hurricanes and storms, evacuations are ordered for the safety of the people. Despite the numerous amount of Hurricanes and storms that have ravaged throughout the Gulf Coast, the area was not prepared for it. Many chose to not obey the order of evacuation and decided to remain in their homes.
This storm claimed its title as one of the most deadly hurricanes to ever hit the United States of America with a estimated death count of 1,245 to 1,836 total. Katrina, on top of all the damage that she did, displaced over a million people from the coastal areas
Katrina flooded the power. Without power, nobody would have access to the internet or lights. New Orleans has been hit with a hurricane 6 times. Katrina caused $108 billion in damage. At the time, 80% of the city had been evacuated (covered with water).
The strong winds spread debris across the land scape of Texas as it ripped through the structures destroying anything in its direct path. The strong winds accounted for some of the damage but the wind wasn’t the only factor that caused property damage. The main cause was from the flooding/storm surge. As talked about in the previous paragraph the surge was the leading cause of damages. The estimate cost in damages are expected to reach 160 billion.
FEMA Leadership and Hurricane Katrina Hurricane Katrina has been characterized as one of the most damaging storms to assault the United States. Approximately 1800 people were killed, hundreds of thousands of people were forced into homelessness, and the cost inflicted approximately $100 billion in damages (“Hurricane Katrina,” 2016). The catastrophic results led to vast criticism of various leadership efforts throughout the disaster response. One agency, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), was extensively condemned as many of the leadership decisions resulted in massive blunders, costing further harm and loss of life. The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of FEMA during Hurricane Katrina in respect to leadership decisions
The Importance of Command Relationship in Response to Hurricane Katrina SFC Rande J. Rodrigues Fort Campbell NCOA The Importance of Command Relationship in Response to Hurricane Katrina Hurricane Katrina was one of the deadliest hurricanes and the most destructive and powerful hurricane ever to hit the United States. It was not only the costliest natural disaster ever to hit the U.S. but also the most controversial and highly politicized, with federal, state and local officials blaming each other. Many residents did not heed the initial warnings to evacuate, putting a severe strain on rescue operations. Many critics blamed an aging and neglected federal levee system and a slow state and local response. Even though, fingers pointed in all directions, rescue efforts were poorly planned, orchestrated as well as executed.
The humanitarian response to the disaster faced many obstacles such as a lack of transportation, a limited communication system and damage to government buildings and hospitals. People who were to play a key role in the recovery of Haiti were missing or dead for example Haitian government officials, UN personnel and international aid workers. This put the emergency response on the back foot immediately. On top of that there was no electricity or clean water. Efforts by international aid agencies to enter Haiti were also disrupted because all major transport routes were damaged; the Port au Prince Airport tower and the main port were destroyed.
The Hurricane Katrina disaster is a complex one when analyzed through the interorganizational context of public administration. One of the primary reasons that major failures occurred was due to the deficiencies of intergovernmental relations within government agencies that had a direct tasking of addressing these types of disaster relief at the local, state and federal level. A Frontline investigation describes the political context involved with the crisis as one where “local and state officials failed to plan, the U.S military waited too long, FEMA was poorly lead, the government was indifferent to victims who were mostly poor and black” (Public Broadcasting Service, n.d.). The political context within the Hurricane Katrina disaster mimics
The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 was of the most powerful natural disasters of the 1900’s in 11 states along the Mississippi River from Illinois to Louisiana. The flood lasted from the beginning of April, through May, June and July and finally ended in August. During the flood, the river got to be as wide as 80 miles in some places and submerged residential areas in as much as 30 feet of water. The flood affected multiple states and the country in countless ways. Some of the ways it changed the country was in a social and political way.
Over fifty people died from flooding and mudslides. Sandy became even stronger as it moved from Hispaniola to Cuba. Fifty-five thousand people were evacuated. The storm hit Santiago de Compostela, Cuba’s second largest city. Sandy became the deadliest hurricane to hit Cuba.
By the end of September during Hurricane Katrina, “it 's estimated that EMAC has coordinated 12.843 troops and more than 8.900 civilians. Personnel and equipment come into the devastated area from all over the country, as well as Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands” (Bell, 2006, p. 26). 2005 brought the largest national response to natural disasters. Hurricane’s Katrina and Rita affected numerous states. The states affected were unable to help themselves, as would be responders were now victims.