Hussein Bin Ali Essay Outline

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Hussein bin Ali was born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire in 1852 and was the last of the Hashemite rulers over the Hejaz to be appointed by the Ottoman Empire. Until 1908, when he was appointed Sharif, Hussein and his sons were kept in Istanbul by the Ottoman caliph, who appears to have wanted to keep them close at hand, since he was aware of increased Arab resistance to continued Ottoman domination.

He was the Sharif of Mecca, and Emir of Mecca from 1908 until 1917, when he proclaimed himself king of Hejaz, which received international recognition. His family had ruled the Hejaz since 1201. His vision was of a restored Arab State, stretching from Yemen to Syria. This would be governed according to Islamic principles, including "the full protection
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Weizmann was a leading member of the Jewish delegation, arguing in favor of a British mandate for Palestine with the aim of assisting in the birth of a Jewish homeland. The Conference agreed to the British mandate, which was approved by the League of Nations on July 24, 1922.

Meanwhile, Feisal had been declared King of Syria on March 17 but by July 24 the French had claimed Syria while Feisal went into temporary exile in London. In August 1921 the British rewarded his war time services with the kingdom of Iraq.

They also appointed his brother, Abdullah as the King of Jordan. The British could claim to have kept their territorial promise, since the borders of the proposed Arab state had not been specified. Hussein had certainly believed that the state would be neighboring with the Hejaz.

Hussein declared himself king of the Hejaz and all Arabs in 1917. This provoked his conflict with Ibn Saud, with whom he had fought before WWI on the side of the Ottomans in 1910.

Two days after the Turkish Caliphate was eliminated by the Turkish Grand National Assembly, Hussein declared himself Caliph in Transjordan. Saud defeated Hussein in 1924. Hussein continued to use the title of Caliph when living in Transjordan where his son was king after fleeing to

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