One of the reactions you observed resulted in this product: NaCl + H2O + CO2 (g)? What well did this reaction occur in? Describe how the observations for this reaction support your answer. B BoldI ItalicsU Underline Bulleted list Numbered list Superscript Subscript70 Words A reaction I observed in number 1.) Sodium Bicarbonate mixed with Hydrochloric acid.
The goal of the experiment is to synthesize a bromohexane compound from 1-hexene and HBr(aq) under reflux conditions and use the silver nitrate and sodium iodide tests to determine if the product is a primary or secondary hydrocarbon. The heterogeneous reaction mixture contains 1-hexene, 48% HBr(aq), and tetrabutylammonium bromide and was heated to under reflux conditions. Heating under reflux means that the reaction mixture is heated at its boiling point so that the reaction can proceed at a faster rate. The attached reflux condenser allows volatile substances to return to the reaction flask so that no material is lost. Since alkenes are immiscible with concentrated HBr, tetrabutylammonium bromide is used as a phase-transfer catalyst.
Paragraph 1 The objective of the experiment is to test; how will water temperature affect the rate of reaction of an alka-seltzer tablet? The dependent variable of the experiment is the dissolving time. When an alka-seltzer tablet starts to fizz it begins to dissolve, due to the citric acid and sodium bicarbonate the tablet contains (Clark, “Why does Alka-Seltzer fizz?). When the tablet is in solid form, the two ingredients are not yet mixed together, but by dropping the tablet in water, a chemical reaction is catalyzed between them, creating a fizzing sensation (Clark, “Why does Alka-Seltzer fizz?). When the sodium bicarbonate is placed in water, it begins to split apart and form bicarbonate and sodium ions (Science Buddies, Carbonation Countdown:
Note that iodide ions are regenerated in Equation 2, so they are available to react with the hydrogen peroxide in Equation 1. The thiosulfate, on the other hand, is consumed as it is turned into tetrathionate. The lag period ends when the thiosulfate is all used up. At this time, the triiodide is able to react with the starch. Equation 3: I3- + starch → (I3- starch complex) • I3- = Triiodide • I3- starch complex, which is blue This equation says that starch reacts with triiodide to form a blue
In this reaction NaOH was added to the Cu(NO3)2. The solution developed a precipitate which made the clear solution become cloudy and uniform in color (blue). The physical color change was demonstrated through the formation of the precipitate. The third step was the formation of CuO. In this reaction, the Cu(OH)2 product was heated on a hot plate and stirred continuously until the solution became colorless and a dark precipitate formed.
EXPERIMENTAL SECTION Materials Materials used for this study were AMD samples, NSW from natural sulfuric hot springs, K2Cr2O7 (0.25 N), sulfuric acid reagent (Ag2SO4, concentrated H2SO4), oxidizing/digesting solution (K2Cr2O7, concentrated H2SO4, HgSO4), standard solution of KHP/Potassium Hydrogen Phthalate (HOOCC6H4COOK), Ferro Ammonium sulphate (FAS) 0.1 N, Ferroin indicators, sulfuric acid (H2SO4), HCl 6, standard solution of Iodine (I2) 0.025 N, sodium thiosulfate solution (Na2S2O3) 0.025N, 2% Starch Indicator, Natrium sulphate (Na2SO4), BaCl2(s), a buffer solution, Ca(OH)2 0.1 M, HCl 0.1M and distilled water. Instrumentation The instruments used for this study were analytical balance, glassware, rubber bulb, pH meter, filter paper, thermometer,
This conversion was required to perform a conjugated addition of the alpha-carbon of acetone to 2-nitrobenzaldehyde, resulting in formation of an aldol, which is subsequently converted to Indoxyl. 5mL of 2M Sodium Hydroxide was diluted by the presence of 35mL of water, effectively reducing its concentration to 0.25M. A low hydroxide ion concentration was required to prevent aldol from condensing, which will result in the hydroxyl group leaving as water. Ethanol was subsequently added to reduce the time required for drying
Hanusaiodine solution, chloroform, aqueous KI solution, Na2S2O3 and starch solution is used. Iodine values are calculated from the difference between the blankaand the test sample. For peroxide value; solvent mixture (composed of glacial acetic acid and chloroform), saturated KI solution, starch solution and Na2S2O3 soluiton is used and peroxideavalues are calculated. A) Iodine Value: Hanus Method In this experiment, iodine value of sun floweraoil was determined with Hanusamethod. Blank solution and oil solution were prepared and stored in the dark.
Specific Heat is the amount of energy required to rise the temperature of a substance 1 Celsius degree C: Hydrophobic & Hydrophilic Molecules 1. Hydrocarbons made up of solely of hydrogen and carbon atoms 2. Hydrophilic is water loving and are compounds that will interact with water 3. Hydrophobic is water fearing and compounds that do not interact with water 2.7 Acids and Bases 1. Acid is any substance that yields hydrogen ions when put in water solutions 2.
Two chemical reactions are carried by adding sodium hydroxide to the acidic solution from Part I. During the first reaction is the neutralization of the excess of nitric acid in the mixture by sodium hydroxide. The second reaction takes the place after naturalization is a complete and NaOH is in excess. While the liquid inside the beaker is being stirred, with the stirring rod, 10 ml of 6 M NaOH is poured into the solution from Part I at 1 mL at a time. After each 1 mL the solution is tested for acidity with red litmus paper.