Carbon dioxide is mainly produced by burning of fossil fuel either by cars or factories. Humans need a way to reduce the concentration of CO2 in the atmospheric. By using carbon dioxide as the gas source in enhanced oil recovery, we can reduce CO2 that being is being released to the atmosphere. However, every method has its own respective negative impacts too. Thus, by using carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery, oil and gas companies can increase the oil production and reduced the emission of carbon dioxide into atmosphere but it will also lead to increase in investment.
For example, today, Alternative energy supplies “less than 7 percent of U.S. consumption.” This is only one first world country, imagine if every country became a first world country. That enormous demand for energy simply cannot be provided with today 's alternative solutions. For these reasons, opponents argue that it is more reliable to invest in discovering more oil rather than experimenting with expensive alternative solutions. Furthermore, the U.S. already has the means to efficiently process oil unlike new alternative solutions. Although it is a valid point that Fossil Fuels are easier to power America with due to years of experimentation, the environmental drawbacks out way the gain.
Nuclear power is one solution to the problem of greenhouse gases. Moore (2005), the founder and chief scientist of Green Spirit Strategies, states that “a significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) seems unlikely given our continued heavy reliance on fossil fuels. An investment in nuclear energy would go a long way to reducing this reliance and could actually result in reduced CO2 emissions from power generation” . He also speculates that nuclear energy would be a solution to securing the United States’ energy and meeting the energy demands of the nation. Nuclear would play a large role in reducing the greenhouse emissions and solve the climate problem in order to assure that there would not be an escalation in global warming (Knapp et al, 2010).
Greenhouse gases are those that absorb and emit infrared radiation in the atmosphere. The most abundant greenhouse gases in Earth 's atmosphere are: Carbon dioxide, Methane, Nitrous oxide ,Ozone ,Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Human activities also contribute to climate change by the amounts of greenhouse gases, aerosols (small particles). The largest known contribution comes from the burning of fossil fuels, which releases carbon dioxide gas in the atmosphere.
Energy subsidies seek to strengthen the idea of moving toward renewable energy sources. Historically, the United States energy sector has mainly depended on natural gas and petroleum, whose emissions are harmful to the environment. In recent years, especially in light of global warming, the idea of renewable energy systems has quickly grown. Energy subsidies, in this case, are utilized to diminish contamination, including distinctive discharges, and to satisfy universal commitments, like the Kyoto Protocol. Forms of Energy Subsidies Types of energy subsidies include direct transfers, preferable tax treatment, energy-related assistance, and others.
When producing plastic, you need to have petroleum and natural gas. (Macklin, 2016). Petroleum and natural gas are both fossil fuels, meaning that when using they produce an excess of carbon dioxide. Too much carbon dioxide can have detrimental effects on the world including global warming and climate change. The usage of plastic emits between 100-500 million tons of CO2 every year.
Despite the opinions from both sides, the question still stands, should fracking be used to release oil and natural gas?One of the main reasons people want fracking to stop is because it releases greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, but fracking is actually better for the environment than coal mining. Source 1 states, “Shale gas emits half the carbon dioxide per unit of energy as does coal, and coal burning also emits metals such as mercury into the atmosphere that eventually settle back into our soils and waters.”. Fracking does less damage to the atmosphere than coal mining but yet people are trying to put an end to fracking. If America is powers their homes, cars, etc. through natural gases, coal mining will no longer be necessary and America can slow down global warming a little bit more.People who live near fracking sites are worried about the possibilities of water contamination due to the chemicals used to break apart the bedrock.
Nowadays, the most common type of vehicle that we have is a conventional vehicle that uses fossil fuel as its main power source. A conventional vehicle that works with fossil fuel produces harmful chemicals as by-products. Since it has big drawback to our environment and health, people started to find alternatives to fossil fuel. Hydrogen showed up as one possible substitution, which produces much energy and non-polluting by producing energy from combusting hydrogen. Hydrogen cars use hydrogen gas to power an electric motor and this is called a fuel cell.
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION The recent years have roused concerns about global warming and climatic change, instability of oil supply, increasing price of crude oil and regulations putting constraints on the use of nonrenewable energy sources. These problems have attracted the focus towards production of chemicals and fuels from renewable resources, which can be used to produce biofuels. This development can promote the local employment opportunities and reduce the CO2 emissions. (Visioli, Enzweiler, Kuhn, Schwaab, & Mazutti, 2014). Biofuels are an extensive range of fuels which are in some way sourced from biomass.
Air pollution is dangerous to the way we live because it’s harmful chemicals that are oils gasses and other chemicals. Air pollution is controversial because people believe that it’s still out there harming the way we live and harming the planet. Industrialized countries have worked to reduce levels of sulfur dioxide, smog, and smoke in order to improve people's health. Volcanic eruptions from volcanos is also endangering the life style by balking the sun and putting out ash and smoke. Motor vehicles – cars, trucks and SUVs – account for about half the air pollution in the United States air pollution is chemicals in the air that are produced by motor cars and all the chemical plants such as gas plants, oil plants and landfills.there were other