This will result in more infrastructures and waterways that were supposed to be natural are now used to drain off the run off water. In urban areas that are highly-urbanized, the rain becomes surface runoff. This run off from these urbanized areas can cause channel erosion, habitat damage to the animals, and clogged stream channels. These changes in the water cycle have great effects on the atmosphere. For example, clean water will be harder to find for fish, humans, and other wildlife.
More intense rains, hurricanes and high rising sea levels will lead to flooding and potential loss of property and life. The hotter summers will lead to frequent fires leading to higher levels of near-surface ozone and smoke which potentially would increase code red air. As the summers are heating up intense droughts would lead to an increase in malnutrition as in the long term fresh water will become scarcer. ("Global Warming : Feature Articles". Earthobservatory.nasa.gov.
Trees hold the carbon dioxide in, so once they are damaged, they will release the carbon dioxide. Climate change is not only harmful to the environment but also to living species. Climate change can bring about droughts and to make matters worse, “deforestation encourages higher levels of water consumption for livestock and crops” (“17 Important Pros and Cons of deforestation”). There is this cycle that goes on, as deforestation continues to occur, climate change effects become more prominent since it can result in more utilization of water. This will then cause less water to be available, and result in climate change creating droughts; the environment is getting damaged.
Stream-channels deliver sediments and nutrients to the bay, driven to non-point sources. Nutrient-loading will increase the dissolved oxygen, which high levels will harm aquatic life and affect the water quality. Fish and other species will
Water shortages will impact both health and agriculture directly” (Gilman). With the expanding effect of climate change throughout the world, water shortages have been an ongoing issue in many countries. As the author mentions, these numbers drastically
With changes in the global temperature and weather, the understanding of the stability of society is necessary to allow us to develop to an environment that is able to resist any disturbance to our ecosystem. This understanding will allow us to build infrastructure in our services and funds to resist these changes and continue to provide a sustainable flow of goods to society. When changes to our ecosystem occur, humanity needs to be prepared to deal with these changes. Also understanding the human impact on the environment allows us to determine what actions have caused a negative impact on the ecosystem and develop a society were humanity can minimize their effect on these impacts. As humanity moves towards the future, the human impact on the environment will be more prevalent and cause changes in our services and capital of resources.
There can also be affects on the types of storms that can occur if global warming continues. Scientists say that category three storms can turn into a more dangerous category fours. Farms and cities will face new pests, heatwaves, heavy downpours, and increased flooding. There can also be many causes in disruption of habitats and this can lead to many animal species to extinction. Global warming is a rise in the surface temperature of the earth.
The other effect is that, if the water cycle is disturbed, the amount of rainfall per season will be affected which will also affect agricultural production since the processes of the water cycle have been disturbed. Therefore, it is really important to maintain and sustain the water cycle in order to reduce costs and increase harvests in agriculture and realise maximum profit at the
In addition studies show different conclusion as a result of geographical variation in the change of climate. Still the phonological shifts in many species are inevitable. More studies that will link phonological shifts to the viability of a population are needed in the future. As mismatches in phenology will occur frequently and the mismatches occurring becoming even larger, it is highly likely there will be a consequence for the viability of populations. The rate of climate change is still increasing, nevertheless generating predictions about the future is difficult and therefore predicting what will happen to species unable to keep up with climate change gives uncertainty.
Vector-Borne Diseases- Climate change will affect disease vectors, which in turn alter the current patterns of vector-borne diseases. Most common vectors, arthropods, are coldblooded, so their internal temperature is greatly affected by the temperature of their environment. The arthropod-borne diseases will depend on both vector and host factors. Climate affects all factors to some extent but will have its most direct effect on the distribution of the vector population. We know malaria as a tropical disease but because of increase in temperature malaria will creep up the mountains and spread to new high altitude areas.Malaria transmission is influenced by climate.