Hygienic Problems In Slum Essay

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Hygienic problems in Slum
The hygienic problems in the slum are mainly due to the fewer opportunities to access to the urban services, compared to the non-slum population. This social inequality is shown in the distribution of water supply and toilets formation in the community. According to Oxford (2010), only 18.5% of the slum population have directly piped water supply, compared to 92% in the non-slum area in Mumbai. Those who may not able to get the official water supply have an increased risk of getting contaminated water from other sources such as the river and get infected after drinking it. Additionally, the insufficient clean water supply to every household reduces their desire to keep clean personally and environmentally as they do not have excessive water for the consistent clean-up. This contributes to the spread of epidemic diseases like influenza in the society.

Prahalad and Hammond (2002) suggested that the urban poor in Dharavi have to pay much more for water supply, about “37 times the municipal price charged in a neighboring middle-class area
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The proliferation of the slum is an evidence of urban poverty, in which escalates the dissatisfaction among the slum dwellers. The issue of identity is enlarged when different ethnic and religious populations are grouped in one small area and the divergence in identity harms the social cohesion. The unsanitary condition in the Dharavi put the health of citizens at risk and the outbreak of diseases hazards the state’s security. The possible solution to eliminate these threats is the redevelopment of Dharavi, which has been postponed several times. It is high time the Indian government made a better urban planning and policies that help immigrants integrate into the local

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