Sore Throat Overview Sore throat is an inflammation or infection of the mucus membranes lining the pharynx. It may distress the palatine tonsils as well. A sore throat can be painful and irritating. Fortunately, most sore throats are caused by a minor viral or bacterial infection and often go away without medical treatment. However, if it lasts longer than a week, then it is often due to injury or irritants, and thus requires a different management style.
Further tests such as serologic and labial salivary gland biopsy can diagnose Sjogren syndrome. It is important to evaluate and monitor Sjogren syndrome because it increases the risk of serious diseases such as primary biliary cirrhosis . Tear breakup time: This test is used to evaluate evaporative dry eye. You first wet a fluorescein strip with saline then apply it to the inferior cul-de-sac. Have patient blink a few times to spread the fluorescein on the surface of the eye then look with slitlamp under blue light while timing.
To clean the syringe, flush it by drawing 6 mL of distilled water. Step 2: Mix both test tubes , shake gently and time the reaction. Step 3: The same step as procedure 1, and step 3 which is to record the observed color step 4: use the palette/color chart to help you identify the observations you make. Safety precautions: Pull your hair back Safety eye goggles Closed toe
There are many preventions that can be made to avoid this disease along with knowing the symptoms to know what precautions to take. Furthermore, with today’s advanced technology, there are also many diagnostic tests that help doctors treat those with the late effects a stroke may cause. Pathophysiology A cerebrovascular accident may occur when the blood supply of the brain is cut off or reduced gradually. As a result, oxygen and nutrients aren’t able to reach the brain and it’s cells being to die. There are two
Pyromania is also described as a behavioural addiction, so it has many of the same signs and symptoms of substance addictions but it is more difficult to accurately screen (Korpa, & Papadopoulou, 2013). Some clinical signs of addictive behaviours, in general, are: “preoccupation, loss of control, and continuous use despite harmful consequences” (Korpa, & Papadopoulou, 2013). The signs and symptoms of an addictive disorder are tolerance, withdrawal, escalating use, desire and/or unsuccessful efforts to discontinue, time and effort are spent, and significant social or occupational activities are given up. Three or more of these criteria must be met for at least a year in order to be diagnosed with an addictive disorder. Since it is common for pyromania to overlap or coexist with other psychiatric disorders, it is a public health priority to prevent addictive disorders (Korpa, & Papadopoulou, 2013).
Living With Cystic Fibrosis, Youth Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a disease that causes thick mucus to build up in your lungs and other parts of your body. This can make it hard to breathe and cause you to cough and wheeze. As a result, you may get sick more often and may need to stay in the hospital. CF happens when you inherit the gene that causes it from one or both of your parents. Even though there is no cure for CF, there are treatments and things you can do to manage it.
They found out that there were no difference in pain, function, and quality of life between the patients who received a routine imaging such as CT and MRI, and the patients who were received only the routine care without imaging (Chou, 2011). To manage low back pain medications are commonly used to manage low back pain. Paracetamol and Non Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) are recommended as the first line of medications. However, there is no strong evidence that support the use of paracetamol and the NSAIDs are not recommended for elderly patients with gastrointestinal, cardiovascular and renal comorbidity (Morlion, B., 2013). Another type of medications is opioids but they should be used with caution.
The side effects of these drugs are very serious. Prolonged use of this drug could also lead to addiction. It is made up of amphetamine which is known to make the heart race and cause palpitations. It can even raise the blood pressure, and heart rate of a person to dangerous levels. The common side effects experienced by a person addicted to Adderall are insomnia, dizziness, tremors, overstimulation of the nervous system, hyperactivity and headaches.
Both of these examples show that capgras is a serious disorder, and can negatively affect relationships, word, eductions, and even close relatives. Overall, capgras delusion is a very serious psychological disorder that can range from acute or a very serious chronic case. Even though capgras is proven to be helped with antipsychotic drugs or therapy, it is still difficult to completely understand the human brain and the affect it can have on people. Scientists are still researching capgras delusions and many other psychological disorders to help better understand our bodies, and to maybe eventually be able to completely cure these
Chronic pain presents a number of challenges to researchers and clinicians, leaving many patients to endure and suffer chronic pain for many years and even a lifetime for some. Attempts to understand, treat and alleviate the suffering caused by pain is one of the most important aspects of healthcare and medicine. The subjective nature of the pain experience and the different pathophysiological mechanisms involved in pain all contribute to the challenges in understanding and treating chronic pain. Conventional pharmacological treatment approaches have been providing some relief to patients who suffer chronic pain, but those who suffer may seek alternative treatments for a number of reasons, ranging from the lack of effective analgesia to the
Crohn 's is an immune-mediated inflammatory disease that belongs to a larger group of illnesses called inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It is associated with inflammation of the digestive tract, or gastrointestinal (GI) tract, which runs from the mouth to the anus, and includes the stomach and intestines. It more commonly affects the end of the small intestine and the large intestine. Crohn 's disease symptoms and complications are unpredictable , you may experience almost no symptoms, then have a sudden flare-up. Or you could experience symptoms every day Crohn 's disease is difficult to diagnose, because symptoms vary and because it can be similar to other conditions.
The world thinks that prescribing medication for veterans is the secret cure to all of the PTSD issues, but this is one of the main causes of homelessness and unemployment amongst veterans. These are some of the diagnoses that along with the prescribed medication have these effects, Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder is diagnosed when the veteran complains of some sort of memory lost or concentration problem. The side effects brought on by Adderall are fast pounding or uneven heart beats, pain or burning when you urinate, talking more than usual, feelings of extreme happiness or sadness, numbness, tingling, or strange sensation under your skin, tremors, hallucinations, unusual behavior and motor tics or muscle twitches; penis erections that are painful or last 4hours or longer, high blood pressure, sever headaches, buzzing in your ears, anxiety, confusion, chest pain and seizure. This is just the effects of one of the drugs prescribed to our veterans, think about the other 400 hundred other drugs and their effects and compile them with this one. How can our service men and women who return home from combat survive and function in the world with these issues let
It can also be deadly for individuals abusing it. It 's important that this drug does also come with side effects, such as shortness of breath, vomiting, or even overdosing. It can also be troublesome for the addict to get to the clinic every day for a dosage of methadone. "If individuals taking methadone develop a physical dependence on the drug and they stop taking it or decrease their dose they will begin to experience methadone withdrawal"(Methadone Statistics). Methadone withdrawal is far more painful and burdensome than other forms of opiate withdrawal and can last up to 5 or 6 weeks.
Multiple Sclerosis can come in many forms and can affect people very differently. It is a disease of the brain and spinal cord, it occurs from damage on the myelin sheath that is around the nerve fibers in the central nervous system. This affects the transmission of nerve signals between the brain, spinal cord, and the rest of the body. Early on symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis can include; stiffness, tingling, and blurred vision, the most common signs of a person with developed Multiple Sclerosis are muscle stiffness, joint problems, thinking problems, and some urinary problems. Currently there is no cure for the disease but there are many treatments to help with the disease.