Aneurysm Introduction: The term aneurysm is derived from the Greek word aneurysma meaning “a widening”.An aneurysm is a localized, abnormal, weak spot on a blood vessel wall that causes an outward bulging likened to a bubble or balloon. Aneurysms are a result of a weakened blood vessel wall and may be a result of a hereditary condition or an acquired disease. Aneurysms can also be a nidus for thrombosis and embolization. As an aneurysm increases in size, the risk of rupture increases leading to uncontrolled bleeding. Although they may occur in any blood vessel particularly lethal examples include aneurysms of the Circle of Willis in the brain, aortic aneurysms affecting the thoracic aorta and abdominal aortic aneurysms.
Accumulation in the alveoli of excessive fluid, protein and inflammatory cells that have move into the air spaces from the alveolar capillaries. Intrapulmonary shunt develop and blood passing cannot be oxygenated. Alveolar type I and type II cells are spoiled causing surfactant dysfunction. Alveoli become unstable and collapse and fibrotic changes take place. Hyaline membranes help to the development of fibrosis and atelectasis (collapse) essential to decrease in gas exchange capability and lung dysfunction.
If there is a complete block, then this can cause the area where the blood vessel supplies the blood to undergo necrosis which is also known as heart attack. SYMPTOMS Some of the symptoms exhibited by a person undergoing heart attack can vary from one person to another as this depends if this is a severe case of MI or a mild one. - Chest pain
Place one pad to the upper right area of the person 's chest, and the other to the lower left area of the chest. Correct placement enables the electric current to pass through the heart. • Press the AED 's "analyze" button. It will check to see if the person has a pulse and it will determine if a heart rhythm is shockable. • If a shock is needed, the AED will direct you to press the “Shock” button, then, it will delivers a highly effective defibrillation waveform to the heart.
3, 4, 6b, 8, 10 Clinical signs include muscle weakness and atrophy, exercise intolerance and a paddling gait. Dysphagia and regurgitation are frequently seen with degeneration of the esophageal and pharyngeal muscles. Creatine kinase levels are elevated and there are bizarre discharges on EMG. The breed has also been listed as being predisposed for umbilical hernias. 4, 8 NEUROLOGIC Epilepsy 4, 8 and deafness 8 have been listed as occurring in the breed.
A PILOT STUDY TO EVALUATE THE EFFECT OF VITAMIN D SUPPLEMENTATION ON DIABETIC PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY INTRODUCTION The incidence of diabetes mellitus is increasing at an alarming rate both nationally and worldwide. Diabetes is a major health concern and is associated with progressive chronic complications leading to premature mortality and high morbidity (1). Diabetic Neuropathy is the most common chronic complication of diabetes mellitus affecting up to 60 - 70%-of patients, with up to 50% of neuropathic patients experiencing painful symptoms (2). Symptoms range from mild tingling sensations to deep-seated lacinating or severe unremitting pain with night time exacerbations. Epidemiologic studies suggest that the prevalence of diabetic neuropathy
The aged people are more prone to heart diseases including men. Examples of heart diseases include; heart failure, coronary artery diseases, congenital heart diseases etc. the causes of heart diseases include heredity, excessive smoking and weight gain, lack of rest, diabetes mellitus, sedentary lifestyle etc. To a greater extent, most heart diseases are preventable and the people at risk of having this disease include; heavy smokers, fat people, people that does not exercise and those that perform stressful activities, diabetic people, familial tendency etc. The nurse plays her roles in reducing and preventing
First, the clinical evaluation which is based on doctor's questions and the external investigation. The second step is the blood test that is used to measure levels of TSH,TT4, andT3 hormones which are secreted from the thyroid gland. Finally, the radioactive iodine uptake test that is based on measuring the iodine absorbing by the thyroid gland. Thus, in order to prevent the development of thyroid disorders to critical conditions, it is essential for people to periodically see a doctor because the early detection of thyroid disorders improve the overall cure
I. INTRODUCTION This Brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke, which occurs due to artery bursting in the brain, causing bleeding in the surrounded tissues. The symptoms of brain hemorrhage are a sudden severe headache, Weakness in an arm or leg, nausea or vomiting, changes in vision, difficulty in speaking or understanding speech, difficulty in
Between the years 2007 and 2012 we identified 183 patients who underwent endoscopic resection of pituitary adenomas by the senior author (G.R.H). In the early postoperative inpatient period DI was diagnosed on the basis of symptomatology, urine output, osmolality, and serum sodium levels. In the outpatient setting, DI was followed by symptomatology and serum sodium levels.
Introduction to Atrial Fibrillation The most prevalent clinical arrhythmia is atrial fibrillation, which can be defined as irregular heart beats caused by uncoordinated activation of the atria. Atria are the two upper chambers of the heart. During atrial fibrillation, the cardiac muscles that make up the walls of these atrial chambers, receive disorganized activation signals. This causes them to fibrillate, which means rapid and irregular contractions. This results in inefficient pumping of blood from the atria into the ventricles, the lower two chambers.
3-CT It is radiological exam that uses x-ray tube to produce cross sectional images of the body by rotating around it and detecting the radiation coming out of it. This modality able to provide internal soft tissue details so it asses to reveal if any lymph node or organ are enlarged. CT are helpful in looking for any lymph in abdomen, pelvis, chest, head, and neck(2). and hepatosplenomegaly, or filling defects in the liver and spleen. CT is used for initial staging, assessing response to therapy , and for follow-up.
The death of skeletal muscle tissue can leak poisonous intramuscular toxins such as myoglobin and creatine kinase (CK) into the blood stream and have you in the hospital within hours (Torres 2015). You at first, may think you are just tired after a hard hit , yet the swelling and weakness of limbs is much more dangerous than
• Lung disease is usually manifested as obstructive lung disease due to bronchiectasis. Patients often develop difficulty breathing, cough, and wheezing. • Pancreatic disease manifests as recurrent pancreatitis, abdominal pain, diabetes, and malabsorption of nutrients. • Cystic fibrosis if often identified during newborn screening programs in the United States. Some cases are missed and present during older age.