Induction In Hypnosis

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Hypnosis is a therapeutic technique in which clinicians make suggestions to individuals who have undergone a procedure to relax and focus their minds. (Kazdin, 2000). The process includes the following six stages: introduction, induction, deepening, therapeutic intervention, awakening and homework. Each stage is very important, as each one plays a different role in the hypnotic process.
After the introduction stage of hypnosis, the induction is done with the intent to get the patient to close his eyes. It can be done in any or all of the modalities or sense – visual (eg: to see arm-lifting), auditory (sound of the therapist’s voice) or tactile (eg: ‘feel your arm lifting’). The mode of induction chosen will vary from person to person, and
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It is further divided into four types: eye to eye inductions- in which the therapist asks the client to look directly into his eye; fixed spot inductions- in which the patient fixes his gaze on a single spot which does not move; moving spot inductions – in which the patient fixes his gazes on some point which moves; and miscellaneous inductions which use direct suggestions; tactile induction in which the therapist touches the arm of the patient and suggest him to move it upwards, guiding it gently, to achieve catalepsy. Permissive inductions are done by the therapist in a softer tone, and delivered while sitting. The types of permissive inductions are: Vogt’s fractionation inductions which is permissive and informal, repeatedly hypnotising and awakening the client,helping them go a little deeper into trance each time; simple eye closure induction which makes use of a script to make the person relax and close their eyes; relaxation technique;
Eye fixation and roll technique is one in which the patient looks at a spot and direct suggestions of sleep are given. Rapid induction can be used to access deep levels of trance, to shift between modalities incorporate confusion. Arm levitation induction is one in which suggestions are given that the client’s arm is becoming lighter lifting/ floating
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Personality variables significantly correlated with authoritarian hypnoti susceptibility more. Absorption and interpersonal trust contributed towards predicting authoritarian hypnotic susceptibility. Thus, it suggests that permissive techniques are more populare with most subjects, while authoritarian techniques might be more effectiveness in certain individuals, depending on personality characteristics (Coyle, 1982). Thus, authoritarian techniques may be more suitable to treat addiction/ poor impulse control problems, eating disorders, emergency situations,

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