Polyclonal B-cell hyperreactivity with abnormalities of autoregulation have been reported, the histopathologic substrate of Sjogren’s syndrome is characterized by presence of lymphocytic infiltrates in glandular and extraglandular sites. Microscopic examinations of enlarged parotid or submandibular glands reveal benign lymphoepithelial lesion, characterized by epimyoepithelial islands in a lymphocytic infiltrate with replacement of acini. In the minor salivary glands the characteristic feature is focal lymphocytic
In cases where hypoplastic maxillary sinuses are present, lateral elevation of the uncinate process until it fuses with the medial orbital wall can impede the integrity of the orbit. Congenital or traumatic deviation of the nasal septum can result in compression of the middle meatus and subsequent obstruction of the drainage pathway. Complications of these variations arise when they obstruct the drainage pathway of the respective paranasal sinuses. Pneumatization of respective areas has been associated with reduced ventilation to the sinuses. As a result, stasis of the mucous within the sinus can result in sinopathies such as sinusitis and
The episodes of numbness in the chin and lower lip and the sensations of prickling (pins and needles) at the right corner of her mouth are due to the alterations in the functions of somatic nervous system. Hypoesthesia is a state of loss or decreasing the capacity of sensation in general and skin in particular. The hypoesthesia is characterized by an insufficient response against the stimulus. Paresthesia is state where the individual felt a sensation of numbness or creeping. It usually occurs in the extremities of limbs and other parts of the body such as mandible or upper jaw.
Although cerebral palsy is known for greatly impacting physical development, it can also impact you intellectually. Aphasia is the loss of partial verbal expression, making pronouncing words more difficult. Dysarthria is abnormalities of facial muscle tone which makes it harder to make and control facial movements. (Speech and Language…., n.d, p. 1). These conditions can all be apart of the symptoms and affects of cerebral
INTRODUCTION There are several types of congenital craniofacial anomalies, most frequent of which are orofacial clefts that encompass the cleft lip and palate (CLP), which occurs when embryonic facial processes fail to unite (1). The complications associated with CLP are maxillary growth aberrations and high occurrence of Class III malocclusions. In children with CLP, aberrations in number, size, shape, and period of tooth formation are more common than in the non-cleft population. Orthodontic abnormalities such as crowding, rotation, and malposition of teeth are also frequent in patients with CLP (2). ‘In the orthodontic context, an index is used to designate a rating or as a categorising system that assigns a numerical score or alphanumeric
The same treatment options are available as the previous situation, however, pulp therapy must be performed. Follow up should be done to monitor the tooth. Root Fracture: this involves a fracture of the tooth across the root through the cementum, dentin and pulp. The fracture can be either in the cervical, middle, or apical third of the
The activity of lesions need to be determined as cavitated lesions continue to trap bacterial plaque and need to be restored. A single observation will only tell the clinician about the condition of the tooth at that single point in time; but, it will not determine whether the demineralization increasing or, perhaps decreasing. The small lesion needs to be well examine than the larger lesion (Whitaker., 2006). Most of dental caries detection research focused occlusal and smooth surface caries. A critical factor to consider is that
You might also notice the below indicated symptoms: • Your baby pulls, or tugs at his ears. This might be an indication that he's in pain. (Babies pull on their ears for several reasons, so if the baby appears to be otherwise fine, he probably doesn't have an ear infection.) • Diarrhea. The bug which leads to the ear infection may also affect gastrointestinal
The errors could lead to various problems which include decreased therapeutic efficacy, added workload and financial burden, litigation problems and most importantly toxic effects in patients. The studies conducted previously state, that prescription errors are the commonly occurring errors because of irrational and inappropriate prescribing, under prescribing, and
Comparing Dentures: Which is Which? Tooth loss happens due to different reasons: physical injury, tooth decay, congenital absence or a variety of oral health issues. If you are faced with this condition, your dentist would talk to you about the different options you have for tooth replacement, the most common of which are dentures. What are dentures? Dentures are artificially made replacements for natural teeth.
A person who just entered adulthood could require dentures, even though it is less common. Tooth loss can be the result of many different factors. Sometimes, the tooth loss is due to decay, which is mostly related to poor oral hygiene. However, there are other causes for tooth decay and loss. In some instances, teeth are lost due to malnutrition or drug
Interruptions devices, however, can result from head and neck trauma, cervical lymphadenopathy, lung tumors Pancoast, aortic dissection or carotid artery and thoracic aortic aneurysm. Horner 's syndrome can also be caused due to surgical or congenital trauma. Causes: Horner syndrome can occur for many reasons. It can be
Our team can help you get the care you need to eliminate your TMJ-related pain and help you get back to your normal life. To learn more about TMD, please visit our page on TMJ and Bruxism Treatment. Let us help you return to eating normally again. Periodontal Disease Another potential cause of your trouble chewing is periodontal (gum) disease. If you are suffering from gum disease, you may be experiencing pain due to the inflammation and infection of your gums.
Musculoskeletal Diseases Musculoskeletal diseases can cause both major or minor physical disabilities that can be critical. Some musculoskeletal diseases don 't have a cure but there are many treatment options. Two examples of Musculoskeletal diseases are Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone and Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. Fibrous Dysplasia is a genetic disease that is characterized by bone pain deformities and fractures that involve one or more bones. Fibrous Dysplasia is associated with osteoblastic defects along with increased bone resorption.
Often the professional activities and sports can affect the evolution of the disease. For instance, it is found frequently osteoarthritis of the shoulder, elbow and hand in those who are involved the use of jackhammers. In any case it is to be aware of other causes, such as the age, which entails a loss of elasticity and the onset of osteoporosis. There are some diseases that affect the endocrine system and which may be considered influential, such as diabetes mellitus and gout. Obesity is an important risk factor.