The structure of one’s brain is routed from birth. Traumatic events may cause the routing of the brain to alter or change completely. Amos Decker was a professional football player for the Cleveland Browns for one play. During this play he was running down the field to tackle the kick returner when Dwayne LeCroix blindsided him. Decker died twice on that football field during the opening game. When he awoke in a hospital the next day, his brain had been completely rewired. He now suffers from Hyperthymesia Syndrome. Hyperthymesia is the condition of possessing an superior autobiographical memory. The disease affected many aspects of his life negatively, but it did give a magnificent advantage at taking tests for the police academy and later
Recently, doctors have found a treatment for hypoparathyroidism. But, the treatment results in regular injections of calcium into the body. It is like receiving another IV, except the fact that this is pure calcium. Studies show that this helps cure the disorder little by little, but there are serious side effects that occur as the patient gradually gets older. The side effects of the calcium injection include “cancer, loss of hair, thyroid getting destroyed, and diabetes” (Timmons M. 234). Another form of calcium intake is by the pill Calcitrol. Calcitrol is a medication that can be taken orally and would help the parathyroid gland with producing the hormone. There are times at which a person who has hypoparathyroidism, would reject the replacement
Hypoparathyroidism is not only a disorder, but a cure for another calcification deficiency, Basal Ganglia. The Basal Ganglia is grey matter near the base of the cerebral hemispheres, consisting of the corpus striatum (Macpherson 61). There are a lot of people who are being treated for basal ganglia today with hypoparathyroidism. The reason why hypoparathyroidism is a cure for basal ganglia is because it shows up in the hormones that are located in the brain. The basal ganglia makes it possible for a person to release a great amount of insulin throughout the brain area and into the rest of the body. This area is not supposed to release great amounts of insulin, but only a little bit. By treating this calcification deficiency with hypoparathyroidism,
Hyperparathyroidism occurs when there is an excess of parathyroid hormone being produced by one or more of the body’s four parathyroid glands located on the posterior region of the thyroid gland. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) helps maintain an appropriate amount of calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D in the bloodstream. These vitamins and electrolytes are crucial for maintaining the body’s homeostatic state. Hyperparathyroidism can be subdivided into 3 types: Primary, secondary, and tertiary. Primary hyperparathyroidism is the most common of these three variants. It is defined as unregulated overproduction of PTH resulting in abnormal calcium homeostasis. Primary hyperthyroidism affects 1 in 500 women and 1 in
An estimated 20 million Americans are suffering from a form of thyroid disease, and sixty percent of them have no idea about their condition. Hypothyroidism accounts for up to ninety percent of thyroid imbalances. How can such as large percentage of people have a disease they are unaware of? There are a number of signs and symptoms related to hypothyroidism or under-active thyroid that can be associated with other conditions.
Lorenzo is a brilliant young boy and at the age of six, Lorenzo was diagnosed with Adrenoleukodystrophy ALD) .
disappointment is a difficult illness and it has a few causes, side effects and medicines.
There are four parathyroid glands located either in front or behind the thyroid gland. If the thyroid gland is undergoing surgery, it is important to be very careful when repairing, or removing the thyroid gland as it might result in complications with the parathyroid gland. If this happens, there is a good chance that the patient would develop hypoparathyroidism. Hypoparathyroidism is a very rare disorder that can cause serious complications throughout the body. If removed, the parathyroid glands would not be able to produce any hormone, resulting in also hypoarathyroidism (Fulton 1200). The human body cannot fluctuate properly without certain hormones like these. So, if the gland is punctured, there is no way in producing the hormones needed
Thyroid nodules (TNs) are a common disease, which occurs in 4 to 7% of the population. Studies have shown that thyroid nodules are 4 times more common in women than men and the rate of thyroid nodules increases with age .Because the majority of thyroid nodules are asymptomatic, they are not only discovered by physical examination but also incidentally during various imaging procedures such as carotid ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies or 18FDG-PET scanning. TNs are clinically important primarily due to their malignant potential. Although most of thyroid nodules benign, malignancy occurs in 5-15% of thyroid nodules. For this reason the initial evaluation should always focus on the features that suggest the malignancy.
The Hypothalamus gland is responsible for regulating certain metabolic processes and other activities of the autonomic nervous system such as, controlling the body temperature, hunger, thirst, fatigue, sleep, attachment behavior, and circadian rhythms. This gland, which is about the size of an almond, is located at the base of the brain and is near the Pituitary gland and just below the thalamus. The Hypothalamus contains neurons that are responsible for releasing different hormones. The hormones that are secreted are; Gonadotropin releasing hormone, Thyrotropin releasing hormone, Corticotropin releasing hormone,
Kidney stones have been found throughout history. Scientists found evidence of kidney stones in a 7,000-year-old Egyptian mummy. Kidney stones can also be called renal stones, renal calculi, or by the medical names nephrolithiasis and urolithiasis.
Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is an ossification of the vertebral body's anterior and lateral side (1,2). This is a rare entity and also known as Forestier’s disease, rarely associated with systemic diseases such as diabetes mellitus and obesity and occurs mostly in the fifth and sixth decade of life and in males (3). The osteophytes are usually seen in the thoracic, lumbar and cervical vertebrae (97%, 90%, 78%) (4). Most of patients are asymptomatic, dysphagia is the most common symptom due to compression of esophageus by anterior osteophytes at the level of C4-5. Cervical subaxial pain, stiffness and decreasing range of motion of the cervical spine are the other complains (5).
Severe thyroid dysfunction may mimic almost any psychiatric symptom profile.1, 2 even before the determination of serum thyroid hormone concentrations and before suppressive and substitutive thyroid therapies became widely available, and there are reports about psychopathological syndromes associated with thyroid dysfunction such as “myxoedematous madness.”1 Mild or latent thyroid dysfunction may be associated with more or less subtle psychiatric abnormalities.3
Uric Acid Stones (7%): “Primarily a product of biosynthesis of endogenous purines and is secondarily affected by consumption of purines (found in animal proteins such as meats and seafood) in the diet” “(McCance & Huether, 2014, p. 1344). If there is excessive uric acid in the urine and consistently acidic urine the risk increases since it can settle and form a stone by itself or along with calcium