44% of the female children can not access primary school, the home to the basics of life. At the same time, child brides face another major issue, which is pregnancy. The bodies of those children brides are too fragile to handle pregnancy, but it is still very frequent. Child brides are more likely to have children and less likely to be medically taken care of. In Niger for instance, 11% of brides that are married before the age of 15 deliver their babies in a health facility.
Reasons for the high rate of teenage pregnancy include rape, cultural practices, alcohol and lack of sexual awareness. The majority are linked to poverty. 17% percent of girls have had sex before they turn 15 , mostly due to their religion and lack of education. Kenya contributes to 103 in every 1000 pregnancies worldwide for girls between the age of 15 and 19 years . Few support programs exist to help young mothers.
Issues of Teen Pregnancy in the United StatesDo you think the teen pregnancy rate in the United States will ever go down? Do you know the many risk factors that come into play with teen pregnancy? Do you think girls should be required to be on birth control until a certain age? The United States has the highest teen pregnancy rate in the western world with approximately one million teenage girls becoming pregnant each year. There are many different factors that come into play with girls getting pregnant as a teen.
But still unacceptable death and disabilities continue. Although utilization of postnatal care within a week after delivery plays a crucial role to success of the GTP II by having healthy mother and new born, it was neglected across the country (15). In Abi-Adi town, utilization of any postnatal care was 11.9%. About 82% of mothers didn’t think as postnatal care is benefits both for them and their children (16). Lack of awareness, Marital status, using continuum maternity care like ANC follow up and delivery at heath facilities, place of residence (distance), culture, number of children were major factors affecting utilization of post natal care services.
Girls under 15 account for 2 million of the 7.3 million births that occur to adolescent girls under 18 every year in developing countries (UNFPA, 2013). Nepal Even though there is decline in the teen birth rates in the west; teen pregnancy remains a significant problem worldwide. Adolescent childbearing is an aged old problem even in Nepal. Significant and considerable number of women gets married and bear child in their teenage in Nepal but they are not equally distributed across urban and rural areas and exact data are not available (Dangal, 2005, p.263). Adolescent comprises of 23% of 23 million of Nepalese population.
Teen Pregnancy “3 in 10 teen American girls will get pregnant at least once before age 20. That’s nearly 750,000 teen pregnancies every year’’(Kathryn and Henshaw).Teen pregnancy affects the emotional and socioeconomic aspect, causes psychological stress, and has short- and long- term effects. Teen pregnancy has an emotional effect on the mom. Family hostility may make it difficult to cope with expecting a child. “A pregnant teen with parents may have a hard time accepting the pregnancy, which may cause her to have guilt because of disappointment.
According to the United Nations Populations Fund (UNFPA), “Pregnancies among girls less than 18 years of age have irreparable consequences. It violates the rights of girls, with life-threatening consequences in terms of sexual and reproductive health, and poses high development costs for communities, particularly in perpetuating the cycle of poverty”. Health consequences include not yet being physically ready for pregnancy and childbirth leading to complications and malnutrition as the majority of adolescents tend to come from lower-income households. The risk of maternal death for girls under the age 15 in low and middle income countries is higher than for women in their twenties. Teenage pregnancy also affects girls’ education and income potential as many are forced to drop out of school which ultimately threatens future opportunities and economic prospects.
2.1million People are infected with HIV every year 12.9million People had access to antiretroviral therapy as of 2013. 20%decline in child mortality in countries having access to malaria prevention 20 million lives had been saved with tuberculosis. Millennium Development Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other Diseases Target: By 2015 Halt and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS and the incidence of malaria and other major diseases. Indicators 1. HIV prevalence among population ages 15-24 years 2.
Worldwide, teenage pregnancy rates range from 143 per 1000 in some sub-Saharan African countries to 2.9 per 1000 in South Korea . Save the Children found that annually, 13 million children are born to women aged under 20 worldwide, more than 90% in developing countries. Complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the leading causes of mortality among women aged 15-19 in such areas. Highest risk of maternal death in young girls was shown in Africa, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Guatemala, Haiti, Nepal, Nicaragua and Yemen.. The pregnancy rate among teenagers in USA was 67.8 pregnancies per 1000 women aged 15-19 in 2008.
Support 1: Of which, about 20% of these cases are teenagers (Ngoc Nga, 2013). The thing is, these figures are not exactly the number of teenage abortions because there are many cases, young people who are pregnant come to some unprofessional places to get rid of the baby instead of going to the hospital. Also, each year, in the USA, nearly 750,000 women aged 15 – 19 get pregnant and more than half of those mothers never complete high school.