B. Hashimoto’s disease is much more common in women than men. 1. Wilmar Wiersinga of the Department of Endocrinology & Metabolism, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, in The Netherlands states that “The incidence of autoimmune hypothyroidism is about 350 cases/100,000/year for women and 60 cases/100,000/year for men in iodine-sufficient regions and 44 (females) and 12 (males) per 100,000 per year in iodine-deficient areas.” 2. Although the disease often occurs in adolescent or young women, it more commonly appears between 30 and 50 years of age.
An unbalance in these hormones would cause changes in the function and structure of the gland. In the setting where there isn’t a sufficient amount of Thyroxin synthesized by the gland, there is an increase in TSH production. Over production of TSH causes hyperplasia of the gland just to match normal thyroid levels. This would then cause a goiter to form. When the goiter is grown significantly, pressure is put on the esophagus and trachea, causing respiratory
Definition: Cushing Syndrome: occurs when your body has been exposed to the hormone cortisol for a long period of time. The most common cause of Cushing’s Syndrome is called hypercortisolism is the use of oral corticosteroid medication. The condition can also occur when your body makes too much cortisol. Cushing’s Syndrome is an endocrine disorder of the adrenal glands, it causes physical and physiological effects.
For example, a lump of fat on the back of the neck and weight gain in face and neck, but thin arms and legs are the two major characteristics of ACTH tumor. Last but not the least, the TSH tumor, which is thyroid-stimulating hormone tumor will cause weight loss, irregular heartbeat, and shakiness. In contrast, the non functional pituitary tumor has no real symptoms during initial stage, but it will cause symptoms by pressing the surrounding structures while the tumor is growing
Nearly 5% to 10% of females are affected with PCOS. Are you wondering what PCOS is? PCOS (Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndromes) also known as hyperandrogenic anovulation is a problem in which womens hormones are out of balance. It can cause problems with your periods and make it difficult to get pregnant. There are many signs to look for when you think you may be affected by PCOS.
Myxedema is the severest form of hypothyroidism and at this stage there is a swelling and thickening of the skin and if left untreated myxedema can lead to coma and death…this is because the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough of the much needed thyroid harmones that the body needs to function
Crystalyn Poppert BIO202- Amy Bell September 1, 2015 Endocrine Written Assignment 1.) The different methods of intercellular signaling are gap junctions, local/paracrine hormones, and endocrine hormones. Gap junctions are direct connections that permit electrical and chemical signals to pass between cells. Tunnels that directly link cells. For example, the heart allows ions to flow directly from one heart cell to another.
Discharge Instructions: Dietary Plan and Fluid Considerations The patient with chronic conditions such as COPD, Hypertension, Heart failure and Diabetes can manage and/or improve their conditions with proper dietary choices. While the patient needs professional dietary planning from a Registered Dietician, there are basic guidelines and considerations that can be provided by the Registered Nurse. First, it is important to understand the basic components of a healthy diet. Some key components of a healthy diet include: *Eat 5-6 small meals per day as opposed to 2-3 larger meals. Doing so increases the metabolism and better stabilizes blood sugar levels.
I completely agree with you that PM should be educated. It is very important that once PM is diagnosed with hyperthyroidism, she should be educated on the etiology, pathophysiology, risk factors, symptoms of under treatment or over treatment and long term effects of the disease etc. It is essential that we APNs listen to patient’s concerns, invite and encourage them in decision making process after educating them about the conditions and possible treatment options. Teach and make them feel confident and responsible for daily treatments. It is crucial that patients are educated about their medical conditions and how they can prevent future complication by managing condition by being equal partner in the care process. Educating patient with the
Knowing the signs and symptoms of Adrenal Insufficiency, Overtraining Syndrome, and chronic fatigue syndrome can help with proper and efficient intervention, which may prevent or help cure the adrenal complications experienced by overtrained athletes. Performing intervention at the correct step in the pathway increases efficiency and prevention mechanisms greatly. Furthermore, understanding the deficiencies and physiological effects of Overtraining Syndrome and Adrenal Insufficiency can lead to the development of hormone replacement and management techniques. There are many replacement therapies and methods that have already been discovered.
It is called “hypothyroid” instead of a chemical imbalance. When people say they have a chemical imbalance and that is the cause of their anxiety or depression, it is because there are no laboratory tests to prove this. In order for there to be a disease or illness, tissues in the body must have some damage. If there is something wrong with the body, it can be proven by objective tests that are evaluated by an objective observer. Biblical counselors will help the counselee by teaching them biblical principles that apply to each problem and the presence of their bad feelings.
Well where exactly do hormones come from? How about metabolism? Or reproduction? Well these functions of our bodies, as well as numerous other functions, are produced by a system called the Endocrine System. On the outside of the body the endocrine system appears as a collection of glands that makes up the pituitary gland, the thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, adrenal gland, pancreas, ovaries (if you belong to the female kind), and the testicles (if you are male). Now this appears to be a complex system but it can be broken into bits to be understood easily.
To consume a variety of nutrient-dense foods within and across the food groups, especially whole grains, fruits, vegetables, low-fat or fat-free milk or milk products, and lean meats and other protein sources. To limit the intake of saturated and trans fats, cholesterol, added sugars, sodium (salt), and alcohol. And to limit caloric intake to meet caloric