This includes the use of quatrains, refrains, simple language, and a monologue form of speaking. Writers usually repeat sentence starters in order to use a refrain. For instance, in “Warren Pryor”, the first and the third stanzas start off with the word “When”. Correspondingly, the ballad “Richard Cory” indicates that a refrain has been used when stanza two and three start off with the word “And”. Another aspect between these ballads are the poetic
The vocals, are homophonic, with each voice following the lead singer. One thing I noticed is the sound of either a ukelele or guitar is very prominent through most of the song. The harmony helps guide the melody along at the start and then the melody takes over and guides the harmones. According to the songwriter, Vance Joy, the first verse is autobiographical; he is credited with stating that he liked the first line, "I was scare of dentist and the
7”. In contrast to their previous song, this one had a gradually rising intensity with a rhythm section made up of a bass and bassoon. This song also has a lot of syncopation, with the violin often playing unexpected beats. The song had multiple melodies throughout its duration, each one having a different indexical connection for me. The song starts off as a lighthearted, almost old-time Disney like melody, then changes a fourth the way through to a crime drama melody.
The piece begins to differ more significantly after the break following the third repetition of the A melody when the piece modulates down a half step instead of up like in the original (1:37). This fourth instance of the A melody is otherwise played the same as in “The Raiders March” until the last two bars, where it immediately jumps into what was the coda of the original piece (1:53). Here, the coda acts as a musical break between the A melody and a new C melody, which is really just the A melody of “Marion’s Theme”. As the strings transition between the two parts at (2:05), one can notice that this version of “Marion’s Theme” differs significantly than the original, most notably in its instrumentation. Here, the horn plays the melody while string ensemble plays harmony for the first six bars (2:09).
This period began when the Renaissance period of music – a period of music full of choral music and chants – began to change. The Baroque period brought with itself key devices such as variation in musical compositions, the enlargement of standard scales and chords and the process of varying one or more properties within a piece; that are used today. In contrast the renaissance period of music whereby music was often sang, contained simple rhythms and melodic lines and was mostly for the purpose of praise, the Baroque period of music started off the use of distinct melodies and harmonies opposed to the polyphony used in the Renaissance period. This new music was then called “…expansive and dramatic”. Famous composers and performers of this period include Henry Purcell, Arcangelo Corelli, Claudio Monteverdi, Antonio Vivaldi and many others.
Idea A begins again at 3:18-3:45 and repeats again at 3:46-4:15. The song ends with Idea B at the start of 4:16. Unity and variety is put in this piece through dynamics, timbre and pitch. The song adds variety by increasing the volume during Idea B. Idea B is unified in the piece keeping the same instruments as Idea A to keep the rhythm.
There were many musical elements heard throughout these pieces and it was interesting to hear how they varied in each song and suite. In Intermezzo, it began with a quieter violin solo melody creating a monophonic texture. Soon after, it became accompanied by the other violins and cellos, then the full ensemble came in creating a moderate, flowing melody at about mezzo forte and switching to a polyphonic texture. Next, there was a harp solo at forte with many crescendos and decrescendos. The full ensemble enters again raising the dynamics to forte before decrescendoing and slowing down to end with a held note and final tone.
Allegro The themes are all lyrical. A very peculiar beginning on a repeating pedal note D which strangely acts not as the tonic but the root of dominant 7th to the key of G major. The first right hand chord (C-natural - F-sharp - A) comes highly unexpected. It almost evolves in the key of G major before unconvincingly settling in D and it promptly re-starts, still "shifting" towards G major in the repetition of the first theme. Nowhere a solid V - I (dominant - tonic) evolution is seen during that first exposition of the main theme.
There is a capitalisation of ‘Time’ because in this context, the use of this effect suggests personification. This use of repetition combined with a similar structure for most of the stanzas: three lines, with enjambment on the third, beginning with “I am”; reinforce the connection to time, routine and thus, the mundane tone of the events. Curnow’s ‘Time’ features a rhyme, that resembles the ticking of the second hand, found at the end of each line of the first four stanzas: “pines”, “lines” and “signs”. This technique appeals to the auditory senses of the audience and subtly emphasises the passing of time between the beginning and the ending of the poem. The aforementioned statement about the passing of time is also echoed and shown in the use of two tenses throughout the poem- past and present.