This one small action led to the start of the Civil Rights Movement. December 5, 1955 was the start of the Montgomery Bus Boycott which lasted 381 days.King served as a spokesman for the boycott. Protesters faced harassment, violence, and intimidation, but they endured it and kept going in hope for a brighter future. In August of 1963, King led the March on Washington. Black people and even some whites gathered at the Lincoln Memorial to take a stand against segregation.
He became a figurehead of the struggle of African-Americans in the fight for equality. During his time as an activist, as a young pastor, he aided in leading the Montogomery bus boycott following the arrest of Rosa Parks from his church. The boycott was a grand success, lasting thirteen months, and ended in the U.S Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses was unconstitutional, a huge advancement early in his activist career. From Montogemry similar protests began to spread across the Southern United States, leading Marting Luther King Jr to found the SCLC, or Southern Christian Leadership Conference, to help organize and unify non-violent protest attempts. Today, the SCLC is fighting for the equal rights of everyone, regardless of race, gender, religion or background.
In a rude tone she told Martin Luther King Jr that her son would not be coming out to play with him that day or any other day because they were white and he was black. This was the beginning of his desire to make a difference. He led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott and other protests throughout the years. King 's efforts also led to the 1963 march on Washington, where King delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech. His letters and speeches greatly impacted this era of civil movements and racism.
In fact, when the freedom riders (African Americans who decided not to leave a bus traveling across the country) were under attack from angry mobs, he sent in 15 convoys to save them, with him in one. It is unknown whether he was completely successful. However, it is known that in one part of it, one man was alone facing an angry mob of approximately 1000 people. Yet, to his rescue, came Mr. Shuttlesworth, who escorted the man through the crowd which the man described as being “intimidated by him”. But it wasn’t just the Freedom Riders Shuttlesworth helped.
Louie started a camp for boys named “Victory Boys camp”. He would take boys who had been in prison or juvenile school and be a mentor and attempt to put them down the right path for their life. He also spoke of the free gift God gives to everyone of eternal life. “He went easy on Christianity, but laid it before them as an option. Some were convinced, some not, but either way, boys who arrived at Victory as ruffians often left it renewed and reformed.” (Hillenbrand 390).
While working on his doctorate, King Jr. got married and had four children and later became a pastor, at only 25 years old. Influencing the decision to be an activist against segregation, a black women refused to give up her seat to a white person and was later arrested and charged. After the bus incident, Martin Luther King Jr. organized a bus boycott and stated that the colored people have put up with the racism for too long leading to the famous speech, "I Have a Dream." In August of 1963, thousands and thousands of people stood at the Lincoln Memorial to listen to King's
Yolanda, the first born was a human rights activist and an actress. She was active in many projects that honored her father. Their first born son, Martin Luther King III was only 10 years old when his father was assassinated. To live up to his father’s legacy, he led the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and most recently served as the director and co-owner of the King Center for Nonviolent Social Change. Alongside him is his brother Dexter Scott King who was also a co-owner of the King Center.
To Kill A Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, is a book about the racial tensions and segregation that arose in the 1930’s. The general storyline is about the main characters, Scout and Jem. At the start of the story, Jem and Scout were always discriminating against other characters, especially Boo Radley. The town was split in half due to racial segregation and Atticus Finch, their father, was a lawyer who doesn’t care who he’s representing because he’s a man of integrity and decency. Scout and Jem eventually mature and start to understand the dangers of discrimination after they see that Boo Radley is just a human and not the person that they all made him into.
King. used his advantages of leadership to put in effect his ideas of civil peace. At age twenty-six, King was elected to be the head of the MIA or the Montgomery Improvement Association (Downing 18). King worked very hard at his job: “He was the driving force behind watershed events such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott” (History.com Staff). King’s goal was to use nonviolent protests to create a better environment for everyone (Downing 56).
According to Taylor, Kimberly Hayes. "6: Martin Luther King Jr. A Dreamer for a Nation." Black Civil Rights Champions, after King gave the "I Have a Dream" speech during the March on Washington, Time magazine named him "Man of the Year" for 1963. In 1964, A- King became the fourteenth U.S. citizen and the second African American to win the Nobel Peace Prize. B- At age 35, he was the youngest person ever to win the prize.
At the end of it, John Lewi wa an official freedom rider. Freedom riders were made up of seven white people and six black people. They would ride together back and forth to birmingham. Even though whis sounds like an easy task, this was actually very dangerous.On their first ride, They were beaten even though they were perfectly legal.On May 14,1961, One of the groups were having a picnic when they got word that the kkk had attacked the other bus and put it in flames. The chief officer said it was mother 's day and they tried to let as many people off as possible.
Southern leaders were outraged; the 44 teachers who supported the “nine” lost their jobs. Eisenhower explained that he did what he did not to favor integration, but to obey the federal law. (Roark, P. 924) What set civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s apart from earlier acts of black protest was its widespread presence in the South, with a large number of people involved, their willingness to confront the white institutions directly and the use of non-violent protests and civil disobedience to bring about change. The arrest of Rosa Parks in December 1955 is probably the most famous example of this. The African Americans boycotted the bus system in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, the Montgomery bus boycott lasted a full year.
All the seats in the white section were taken and at the next stop, a white man didn’t have a seat. The bus driver asked for Rosa to give up her seat for the white man, but she refused. Rosa Parks was arrested and this outraged the black community. This event was controversial to the civil rights movement. On February 1st, 1960 four African American friends named David,
African Americans will always get the run down part of the bus and the dirtier water fountain. On the other hand, whites will get a neat side of the bus and the clean water fountain. Also, groups like the Klu Klux Klan were formed and terrorized and sometimes would kill blacks. This is still the same as before the Civil War because African Americans are still not accepted even after they got freedom. Discrimination against blacks continues to be a problem for decades to come, and even today.
The laws of many states decreed that blacks and whites could not use the same public facilities, ride the same buses, attend the same schools, etc. These laws came to be known as Jim Crow laws. Although many people felt that these laws were unjust, it was not until the 1890s that they were directly challenged in court. In 1892, an African-American man named Homer Plessy refused to give up his seat to a white man on a train in New Orleans, as he was required to do by Louisiana state law. For this action he was arrested.