Acclaimed activist and political leader, Cesar Chavez, in his article, attempts to convince the laboring class and those in need in America to restrain from any use of violence during their struggle. Throughout his article Chavez is able to maintain a predominantly straightforward positive tone in order to motivate his audience to lean more towards a non-violent approach to their problems. His purpose is to persuade the laboring class in America to abstain from any use of violence during their struggle. Chavez further elaborates his desire and purpose for his followers by utilizing the use of pathos and logos. Chavez is in the mentality that nonviolence is the only way his followers- the rest of the labor union- will achieve their goals and abstain from any injuries or harm that could possibly happen to them.
Near the beginning of his renowned essay, "Civil Disobedience," Henry David Thoreau appeals to his fellow citizens when he says, "...I ask for, not at once no government, but at once a better government." This request serves as a starting point from which the rest of "Civil Disobedience" emerges. Thoreau 's essay is particularly compelling because of its incorporation of rhetorical strategies, including the use of logos, ethos, pathos, purposive discourse, rhetorical competence and identification. I will demonstrate how each of these rhetorical techniques benefit Thoreau 's persuasive argument. Thoreau uses logos throughout his essay to strengthen his argument with reasoning.
Patrick Henry and John F. Kennedy were similar when discussing the value of freedom. Patrick Henry was speaking to a group of representatives to persuade them to not go back to Britain's rule. Henry stated, “... give me liberty, give me death” (85). He was convincing people to fight for their freedom. In a like manner, John F. Kennedy was presenting his Inaugural Address to people of the United States.
Both men identified what they believed the present danger to colonists and their efforts of resistance. Sherwood seeks to warn his listeners about the dangers of a tyrannical government. He is quick to identify that ruling justly is possible, but he calls on the congregation to restore the fear of God into their superiors. Boucher takes on a different tone, condoning senseless violence by comparing it to the Old Testament story of David and his son Absalom. Knowing the story, the colonists recognize his warning to be against retaliation, as Absalom dies despite David’s desire for him to live.
In a society where one’s country has the ability to enforce the seclusion of the “equal and unalienable rights” of its people based on the color of their skin is one in which change has to be demanded. Having to be constantly petrified of the idea of walking down the street due to the possibility of being lynched by the Ku Klux Klan and the constant stigmatism of the “Jim Crow Laws” provoked Martin Luther King Jr. to fight for this change. Consequently, Martin Luther King Jr., an American Baptist minister and leader of the civil rights movement, impressively delivered his prominent “I Have a Dream” speech. His passion was not only noticeably demonstrated on the day he delivered his ideas, but also on the written words that can be seen today. In this work, Dr. King effectively uses the rhetorical appeal, Pathos, with his implementation of anaphora, parallelism and metaphors.
Abraham Lincoln made his speech persuasive by using a lot of figurative language like repetition, and by using a lot of pathos styled techniques. One of the ways he made his speech persuasive to people is by using repetition. “We CANNOT” is the main one example that president Abraham Lincoln used. He used this quote to really emphasize the thing we cannot do to make this country great and to make sure all people, no matter the color nor the race, shall always be free. He uses examples like “We cannot dedicate - we cannot consecrate - we cannot hallow this ground.” He uses these choice of words to get out to people that these men in the war of Gettysburg should not have died for no reason.
When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” (King pg 262). This elevates the audience’s understanding of his cause. The strong language used in the speech is very persuasive and makes you feel inspired to make a difference in the world. Another emotionally appealing technique that king uses is repetition.
Opening his speech Martin Luther King Jr. sets up his credibility with his use of ethos, referring to the Declaration of Independence saying, “This note was a promise that all men… would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life.” He places the strong authority of the declaration on his side to show how the American people are in contradiction to their own “sacred obligation” and the Negros have gotten a “bad check.” A metaphor representing the unfulfilled promise of human rights for the African Americans. King skillfully evokes an emotional response from all races with the use of religion: “Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God’s children.” By doing this he finds a common ground that brings black and whites closer with a common belief in God they share, as well as the mention of
Even though they suspect the perspectives of their audiences such as lawmakers and officials may not change at all, they remain determined to their goals and future accomplishments. With the diversity of each appeal each speaker uses it makes the speech even more sensitive, and relatable. Including the uses of the Logical Appeal (Logos), and the Emotional Appeals (Pathos). The Logical Appeal is the uses of statistics, metaphors and similes, and finally the uses of providing testimony. In the I Have a Dream speech, Dr. King expresses his evidence by using metaphors such as, “Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred.” This metaphor represents how they do not want to find their freedom through bitterness and hatred just like how they are treated.
In the speech “I Had a Dream” the speaker Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. speaks to the crowd of his own kind and explains how they are not treated equally. During the occasion of the speech, African Americans were treated poorly by the white people. The major influence of this speech was to help persuade his people to not give up their fight for an equal chance to be as equal as any human being. In every line that Rev.
strengthens his credibility and that of the non-violent direct action protesters. He does this by describing the qualities of the people involved in the non-violent movements, namely the ability not to retaliate against violence. Second, the ethos of the movement is shown through justifying their need to act. “Mindful of the difficulties involved, we decided to undertake a process of self-purification. We began a series of workshops on non-violence, and we repeatedly asked ourselves: “Are you able to accept blows without retaliating?” “Are you able to endure the ordeal of jail?” In this example, King establishes credibility for himself and the direct action plan as a whole by stating that he and his associates partook in a series of workshops, he shows that they are willing and able to carry out the plan without the use of violence.
He says, ““it would be a betrayal of everything Reverend Pinckney stood for, I believe, if we allow ourselves to slip into a comfortable silence again.” He goes on to state, “That’s what we so often do to avoid uncomfortable truths about the prejudice that still infects our society.” This is a call to action by the president for the nation to not forget about this incident. We cannot become quiet about this disaster as we have done for many others. Pinckney would want us to work towards eliminating this bias. The group singing of “Amazing Grace” was one of Obama’s uses of pathos. This has a unifying effect and makes the speech feel heartfelt.
Martin Luther King Martin Luther King harped on civil disobedience for any moral arguments. Treating citizens differently based on skin color was nefarious, King wished to speak out to change but insisted on non-violent acts to do so. He expressed his thoughts in the “I Have a Dream” speech publically in a passive fashion. This passionate, positive and encouraging speech flourished King’s views and changed the American government’s unjust laws. Although, King did not use destructive force to get his point across, he did break some laws.
This inaugural speech is written by John F. Kennedy in 1961. He claimed that we need to fight for freedom, oppose the tyranny, help the poor, and united the nations and nations together to resist the war, and he used parallelism, repetition, metaphor, and alliteration to make his speech more effective. The purpose of the speech is to unite the nations of the world together to make the world better. The audience of this speech are the American citizen. In his speech, he first claimed the freedom is important, and they will pay any price to assure the liberty success.
He begins by trying to encourage the people to see that the constitution will take away what they have fought so hard for. He continues by giving the reasons as to why the people should question the constitution. He mainly points out that there is a reason the Constitutional Convention was held in secrecy and that the people should recognize and be unsettled about this. Another reason he has no faith in the constitution and suggests that the people should not either is because they want it ratified quickly. He believes this is because they do not want the people to look over the constitution too thoroughly and find flaws or areas that will take away from the people having control.