There are many natural disasters that affect the world, for example, volcanoes. Mount St. Helens is known to be the most active volcano in the Cascade Range in Washington; effecting the people and the state. It was first recognized as a volcano in 1835! Before the eruption on May 18,1980, Mount St. Helens was a beautiful symmetrical cone, 3,000 meters above sea level. For most of the 20th century, many people viewed this mountain and recreation area as a beautiful and peaceful place, but after the volcano erupted in 1980 that view point was shattered.
On September 1, 1923 a 7.9 earthquake hit the Tokyo-Yokohama metropolitan area around noon. It lasted for up to 10 minutes in some areas. The earthquake affected 2 million people. The quake killed about 142,800 people, which makes it one of the most deadliest earthquakes ever.” At the end of the day, after
The quake cost 3,000 people their lives and not only rattled the residences of San Francisco, but people from Oregon to L.A and as far inland as Nevada(history.com). The quake ran down the San Andreas fault for 296 miles.The total damage estimation is $500,000,000 and very little of that is from the earthquake directly(history.com). Much of the destruction originated from fire. Many small fires across San Francisco grew into very large fires that demolished the city. The fires obliterated 490 city blocks, a total of 25,000 buildings leaving over 250,000 homeless (eyewitnesshistory) and, websites are conflicted but estimate the loss of 450 to 3,000 lives.
Great Fire of 1910 The largest forest fire in American History was on August 20th and 21st of 1910. It took lives, destroyed towns, and created torches out of trees. The fire adopted the name of The Big Blowup, or sometimes called the Big Burn. One man described it as “A terrific hurricane had broke over the mountain”. The Great Fire of 1910 was very destructive in its nature.
I yelled to Brian that we had to get out of there, but he was throwing sand at the fire, saying that we had to put it out or we'd get in trouble”. This scene shows how much chaos that was created by Jeanette in the story which dragged her little brother in it. In conclusion fire is represented and mentioned a lot in The Glass Castle. Fire symbolizes fear, chaos and destruction. In her life Jeannette has been through a lot of trials dealing with fires.
Have you ever been in a earthquake? Have you ever been around a volcano eruption? I 'm here to tell you about these two natural disaster. I am going to include Mount Saint Helen 1980 eruption and the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake Mount St. Helens is well-known for its exceeding eruption in 1980, the most cruel and destructive volcanic action ever in U.S.. 57 people were killed, 250 homes, 47 bridges, 15 miles of railways, 185 miles of highway were ruined A giant fragments avalanche happened by an earthquake about 5.1 on the Richter scale made a eruption that decreased the elevation of the mountain 's peak from 9,677 ft to 8,363 ft, leaving a wide horseshoe shaped pit. The fragment avalanche was up to .7 cubic miles in volume.
In the article, Mt. Vesuvius: Day of Disaster by Lauren Tarshis, it talks about what happened when this massive volcano erupted, in Italy, next to a town called Pompeii. At the time, they did not know that it was a volcano, or that it was going to become one of the most famous eruptions in history. The author walks the reader through what probably was going on before the eruption, and also made it seem like the reader was actually part of the story. She also tells the reader some facts that a lot of people may not know, such as some information on what happened before the eruption.
This particular earthquake was the largest recorded earthquake for Japan prior to 2011 earthquake. 49 days after the Hoei earthquake, on 16 December 1707, Mount Fuji erupted from three vents located on its southeast flank [Tsuya, 1955]. This particular eruption was a plinian eruption that produced 0.7 km^3 of tephra [Miyaji and Koyoma, 2007], and the emission was of mixed and mingled andesitic and dacitic tephras that was then followed by basaltic tephra [Tsuya, 1955]. According to Chesley (2012), the conduit was opened and the basaltic magma was pushed out of the chamber by unclamping of the deeper dike along with compression of the basaltic magma chamber. This basaltic magma then moved up the dike from the basaltic chamber 20 km deep into the andesitic and dacitic magma chambers creating magma mixing and rapid vesiculation.
Firestarter Redux Charlie stood amongst the rubble that was The Shop. The lust for destruction that consumed her mind seemed to die down as she gazed upon the corpses of animals and humans alike. Give them a war. Her father’s words echoed in her mind. Charlie began to weep as she thought of her father and John both perishing in the blaze she started.
Following up the information about the formation and deadliness of volcanoes is an example of a volcano, Mt.Tambora, one of the deadliest volcanoes ever. This volcano erupted over 200 years ago, but made a big impact all around the world. It erupted for three months in total. You could hear the explosions from over 1,000 miles away(Lassieur 4). This covered things in lava and was very hard to recover because the lava cools and hardens turning it into something as hard as bedrock(Lassieur 3).
A caldera is a large crater that’s volcanic. It’s normally formed from a major eruption then the collapse of the mouth of the volcano. Yes, Axial Seamounts does have a caldera. The caldera is 3 km, which is 1.8 miles. One cool interesting fact I learned, a signal of an Axial Seamount eruption is that there are thousands of earthquakes within minutes.
Mass Hysteria After an Earthquake Devina Gallegos SECTA Mass Hysteria After an Earthquake In 2010 a major earthquake of a high magnitude hit the country of Haiti. The earthquake hit near the town of Leogane not too far from Haiti’s capital. The earthquake was one of the highest ever recorded. It was catastrophic and put the country in ruins by destroying millions of homes, buildings, and roads. After the quake the country was going through a case of mass hysteria.
The foundation states that “by studying the pattern behavior of the cycles and its previous eruptions by examining the rock minerals in the vicinity they’re given better clues to suggest the volcano is on its calm stage”. The last major eruption from the Yellowstone Caldera dropped many inches of ashes into the lands and sulfur up into the atmosphere which caused a volcanic winter. How does all these particles in the air cause a volcanic winter one may ask. Sulfur dioxide in the air reflects sunlight & radiation back into space without this sunlight temperatures decrease and crops are devastated. The last major volcanic eruption to do such a thing was in 1815 the Tambora eruption in an island of Indonesia which decreased worldwide temperature by 4 degrees and killed over 71,000 people during the eruption.
On May 18th, 1980, thirty-five years ago, Mt St. Helens erupted and changed the course of history. This towering Washington volcano is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire. During the eruption the mountain spewed hot gases, rocks and, ash into the sky causing a mud flow down the mountain 's sides. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration," this was the deadliest and most economically destructive volcanic event in the history of the United States". It destroyed over 230 square miles of land.