The Harlem Renaissance happened from the 1920s to the mid 1930s in Harlem, New York. What caused the renaissance was the migration of more than six million people from the South to the North. Slavery was abolished but it did not stop white supremacy. The aftermath of white supremacy was having the Jim Crow laws created and enforced to the Southern states. The Jim Crow laws enforced racial segregation where ninety percent of black Americans lived.
After slavery the promised land had not been brought like it was promised. Instead, white supremacy was quickly, legally, and violently restored to the New South, where ninety percent of African Americans lived. African American culture was reborn in the Harlem Renaissance. The Harlem Renaissance included Jean Toomer, Langston Hughes, Rudolph Fisher, Wallace Thurman, Jessie Redmon Fauset, Nella Larsen, Arna Bontemps, Countee Cullen, and Zora Neale Hurston. The The Harlem Renaissance started the The Great Migration.
As expected, when juxtaposing the racial climate of the 1920s and 1998, there is a great disparity. In the late 90s, a time also known for great societal change, African Americans had been given the same rights as white Americans, but not quite the same societal status. The discrimination was to a much lesser degree and usually thought of as socially unacceptable. Howard Johnson, an African American newspaper editor from the 1990s, gave his thoughts on social change in the African American community during
From the time that African Americans were brought over to America, their race has delt with many years of discrimination. In the 1920's, in Harlem, New York, there was an explosion of art, culture, and social aspects of society, which came to be known as The Harlem Renaissance. An emerging author in that time period was Langston Hughes, who was known to write about African Americans and their struggles. Zora Neale Hurston was an African American writer who wrote about her dreams of becoming more than just being used as a doormat by many, and her aspirations to become somebody her mom would be proud of. ¨I too¨ by Langston Hughes and ¨How It Feels To Be Colored Me¨ by Zora Neale Hurston both examine the importance of racial pride to suggest
Before 1919, when World War 1, ending in the late 1918s the African Americans who had risked their lives fighting for freedom, and equal rights as the whites received the rights they deserved under the law. Also during the World War 1, there was a great population shift from the rural cities in the South to the cities in the North. This period is known as the Great Migration from 1916 to 1970. This era ties back to my thesis because it shows how after 1919 African Americans still suffered from unequal rights and awful job
After World War I racial tension was at an all-time high in America. Out of this movement one of the first thing to emerge as a consequence of the political awakening of Black Americans was an increase of black militancy. Key political figures like Marcus Garvey and W.E.B. DuBois emerged teaching black militancy and liberation. The Back-to-Africa movement of Marcus Garvey was the most popular way to express the increasing resignation concerning multiracial society, although this approach was chosen primarily by the uneducated part of the African American population.
The Harlem Renaissance was a phase of a larger New Negro Movement that had arisen in the early 20th century and in some ways ushered in the civil rights movement of the late 1940s and the early 1950s. The social foundations of this movement included the Great Migration of the African Americans, from rural to urban spaces, and the dramatically advancement of literacy. The creation of national organizations dedicated to helping African American civil rights, and “uplifting” the race by developing race pride. The Renaissance was a literary, artistic, and meaningful movement that sparked a new black cultural identity that lasted until the 1920s to the mid 1930s. Essence summed up by critic and teacher Alain Locke in 1926 when he declared that through art “Negro life is seizing its first chances for group expression and self determination”.
The developments that occured in the United States of America during the Civil War and Reconstruction Era were arguably revolutionary. During these years of 1860 to 1877, not only did social change take place, but also constitutional change. By the end of the Civil War, many aspects were questioned, such as black status and readmission of former confederate states. At the end of it all, three amendments had been ratified and southerners were forced to accept that blacks were their equals. With many changes happening, the constitution had a full revolution by adding three amendments that challenged the beliefs of many, while social changes merely took a step up and didn’t last long.
After enduring centuries of slavery, African Americans began a movement that spanned the 1920’s into the mid-1930s. The Harlem Renaissance was the literacy, intellectual, and artistic movement that kindled a new African American cultural identity. Writers and actors such as the most prolific, Langston Hughes, Claude McKay, and Jean Toomer casted off of the influences of white poets, jazz, short stories and poems to move the black culture by urging African Americans to stand up for their rights in their powerful arts. 6. “The Tuskegee Machine” was a secretive system of patronage designed to promote political and social programs for African Americans.
The ability to use words to share ideas dates back to before religion existed, and yet look at what the Men and Women of Color have achieved in their short 300 years. Since 1741, men of color used their ability to reason and orate to share the horrors of slavery, banding together, often under the torture and scrutiny of the white government that oppressed them. Rhetoric of color has seen the fall of slavery, the fall of segregation, tougher laws against racism, the rise of the Civil Rights movement, and the beginning of the #blacklivesmatter movement. For a group of individuals who were once deemed three-fifths of a person, they have accomplished much. One main accomplishment that began before the Civil Rights Movement was the registration of black voters.