Chief Joseph and his successor, Chief Young Joseph, were among those who fought the move. Chief Young Joseph led his people to Canada. Unfortunately, just a few miles from freedom, the tribe was caught and forced into a reservation in Oklahoma. The Chief appealed to t Washington D.C., begging to be returned to his home. He asked for “an even chance to live as other men live,” and “to be recognized as men.” Joseph promised that “whenever the white man treats the Indian as they treat each other, then we will have no more wars” (Chief Young Joseph).
Upon discovering the valuable resource of gold in the Black Hills, the government appointed Custer, along with Generals John Gibbon and George Crook, to remove the Lakota Indians. The plan seemed to be a simple one that required the three units to converge on the Lakota Indians and deal them a definite defeat. Custer and his Seventh Calvary arrived ahead of Gibbon’s unit and little did he know that Crook’s unit was turned back by Crazy Horse and his warriors. Upon Custer’s first initial evaluation, he believed that it was just a small Indian village. Custer split his unit into three divisions and carried out the attack.
Dick Wilson, tribal chairman of the Sioux, and his conservative viewpoints were inevitably going to be removed from power. He soon learned of a protest at Pine Ridge against him, so he immediately fell back to tribal headquarters where he would be protected. However, the protesters from AIM did not actually come after him. They chose to claim Wounded Knee instead, where the massacre had taken place 83 years prior. Wilson, unable to allow this, used assistance from the federal troops to try to take Wounded Knee back.
But, eventually, in the year 1830, things got really bad, the US Gov’t passed the Indian Removal Act and in Georgia the white men held a lottery to give away the Indians’ land. John Ross tried to use diplomacy to have the Cherokee’s rights to the land recognized. He went to the Supreme Court and won against the US Gov’t. The Court agreed that the Cherokees had rights to the land, but the president would not back down. Then in 1835, a few renegade Cherokees wrote up a false treaty and gave it to Congress.
From 1863-1868, the Navajo, or Diné, found themselves the target of a major campaign of war by the Union Army and surrounding enemies in the American Southwest, resulting in a program of removal and internment. This series of events is known to the Navajo as the “Long Walk” , where as a people the Navajo were devastated by acts of violence from multiple factions of enemies. The perspectives of the Navajo regarding the “Long Walk” can grant context to the changes occurring in the American Southwest during the American Civil War, where the focus of the Union’s military might fell upon Native Americans instead of Confederate forces. Rather than as a program of Indian removal resulting from the Civil War militarization of the Southwest, the Navajo
Once European men stepped foot onto what is now known as North America, the lives of the Native Americans were forever changed. The Indians suffered centuries of torment and ridicule from the settlers in America. Despite the reservations made for the Natives, there are still cultural issues occurring within America. In Sherman Alexie’s, The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven, the tragic lives of Native Americans in modern society are depicted in a collection of short stories taking place in the Spokane Reservation in Washington state. Throughout the collection, a prominent and reoccurring melancholic theme of racism against Native Americans and their struggle to cope with such behavior from their counterpart in this modern day and age is shown.
The railroad cut through many lands and affected the Native Americans in a perilously way. Furthermore, many resources, such as buffalo were slaughtered and were almost made extinct, and Native Americans lost their land to American settlers, as well as these resources.Therefore, the Transcontinental
Part two of the Northeast covers the death and destruction those europeans caused with diseases, where 90% of the population died in some instances. Pure greed over their land, with the terrible massacres that happened to the tribes was also covered and how they wore down the Indian’s to not fight. The Southeast covers generally the same tragic situations that took place with the tribes in that region. It also covers the distinction of the farming techniques they acquired along with trading techniques and their cultural relationships among other natives and Europeans. The Southwest covers archeological questions and the deep history with many tribes including the Apacheans who migrated southwards from Canada and Alaska.
Have you ever experienced both happiness and sorrow at the same time? Walt Whitman, in “O Captain! My Captain!,” incorporates sadness over the death of President Lincoln and happiness about the victory of the North and the end of the Civil War. The Civil War (1861-1865) was set on American soil where Americans fought against Americans. The North (Union) wanted unity of the country and the end of slavery, while the South (Confederacy) wanted separation and the continuation of slavery.
In Chapter 4 of Uneven Ground, Wilkins discusses the United States v. Winans case which regarded tribal rights. It held that the Yakamas tribe had “reserved rights” to hunt and fish because the Winans brothers had been depleting the salmon in the river. Wilkins also writes how the tribes implemented their rights based on their original and indigenous sovereignty. Chief Justice Fuller recognized this and confirmed the tribe’s rights to hunt and fish because of tribal sovereignty (125). In a similar case, Winters v. United States (1908), a man had built a dam that restricted all water flow down the Milk River.
After complaints of European settler encroachment on indian land, the General Assembly gives the Golden Hill 20 abutting acres now known as the Nimrod Lot and the Rocky Hill Lot. Golden Hill remained the seat of the chief of the tribe, Tom Sherman, and his clan, who were regarded as the keepers of this sacred place. 1776 The Revolutionary War begins. Tom Sherman joins an Indian brigade and fights zealously for the Patriot cause. 1790 The First congress of the United States passes the Indian Trade and Non-Intercourse Act, requiring that Congress approve any sale of Indian land.
The Dawes Allotment Act of 1887 authorized individual allotment of reservation lands to to be tribal citizens and granted citizenship to the allotte upon the termination of the trust status of the land. This created a checkerboard map where Native Americans were mixed with whites. Hence the word, "checkerboard" effect. The Act affected Natives by taking away millions of acres of their land. Furthermore, this Act is the reason why many Native land is separated into nations.
This dance has spread throughout the reservations of Dakota instilling fear to the white troops. Sitting Bull was killed by order of the troops and his brother Chief Big Foot was next. Chief Big Foot along with 300 surviving Sioux were killed along with 25 troops. This massacre at Wounded