Ibn Khaldun Theory

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The paper aims to contribute a better understanding of contributions of early psychology from islamic context to modern psychology and applying the materials learned in our course. It will be heighten our awareness of combinations between to compary Ibn Khaldun’s theory of intellection to modern theories of intellection and his biography, outline his theory, and compare it to theories of Modern Psychology. When we search critical thinking perspective to understand differences and similarities between theories of Ibn Khaldun islamic context and modern era, Ibn Khaldun becomes a major resource in the ongoing enterprise of islamic reconstruction. Ibn Khaldun was born in Tunis. He accepted as founder of sociology and philosophy of history.…show more content…
He also concerned about people’s habits and people’s second nature. Therefore we can see the effect of religion as lifestyle and science. According to him, History repeats itself with new generations. Understanding meaning of life shows us to future. But his scientific theories were not influenced by religion as much as Plato or Aristotle (Ashraf, 1941). Because he was first unquestionably who tried to explain progress of society. He exposes observations as reciprocal with social groups. He discovered new fields in sociology with his perception. He wrote also many books. But his important book that name is Muqaddimah. This book deals with islamic theology, political theory and the natural sciences of biology and chemistry that is known greatest book that talk about sociology (Haldun, Translator;Dursun, 1977). Muqaddimah means in the first part includes introduction, this was ibn Khaldun's introduction to his volumes of world history. This is not about history, it is just personal collection of the stories. It is information about human social organization, which deals with such conditions affecting the nature of cultures. Ibn Khaldun shows how societies and people group together to form communities,…show more content…
Philosophical influences that study human nature and physiological influences who bring both together to found a new science. History is not passive. It changes, grows, and not finish. It is influenced by external forces that shape the nature and direction of psychology. I mean that past helps shape the present. History becomes the science of human society with modern psychology. According to western society on the psychology of religion in modern psychology, religiosity based moral and ethical injuctions such as exact provisions. Ibn Khaldun supports the causality. He does not deal with structualism. Because it includes subjective conscious experience. Functionlism is also not dealing with function of conscious experience. Actually, Dealing with unconscious that is rejected by structuralism, functionalism, behaviorism. Collective unconscious are universal, evolutionary experiences from our personality. I mean that spiritual reality exists, develop an awareness of it. He concerned with concept of collective of consciousness with his asabiyyah theory. Religion is the most powerful reinforce that can hold together a large fixed people. Having common sense of religion allows the members of a group to work together. We can associated with perspective of Wundt in modern psychology. According to Wundt, When the central ideas, his subject matter

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