Ibn Muqlah And His Contribution To Arabic Calligraphy
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Ibn Muqlah and His Contribution to Arabic Calligraphy
Unification, harmony, balance, and continuity are the words often used to define Arabic calligraphy. Alshahrani (2008) explained that “Calligraphy is the beauty of handwriting; It is the principal Islamic art that was considered to give pleasure to the eye, joy to the heart, and fragrance to soul” (p. 10). Although it was not always depicted that way, Abu Ali Ibn Muqlah, a court official and vizier known for his great calligraphic skills, is the founder of the, “Naskh,” cursive style’s standardized proportions and calligraphic rules (AbiFares, 2001). This paper will clarify and illuminate the influence that Ibn Muqlah had on Arabic calligraphy.
Who is Ibn Muqlah? Abu Ali Ibn Muqlah was born in Shiraz, Baghdad. By the age of 22 he was a scribe, and held two important jobs as a government official. He was the vizier three times under the various Abbasid caliphs between 928 and 936. He was imprisoned three times during periods of political turmoil. During one imprisonment, his enemies cut off his right hand. When released, he continued to work with great skill using his left hand (Harley, 2009). He was a famous calligrapher with high authority, therefore, when he develop the calligraphic system, to organize and add elegance to Arabic calligraphy, it was followed widely and improved upon by many other calligraphers later on. The principles he laid down transformed Arabic script from rudimentary strokes to a harmoniously