Both internal and external conflict can take an emotional toll on a patient who is dealing with the psychological and physiological effects of addiction. Also, these patients lose their able to function normally, and some healthcare personnel perceive their behaviors as deliberately preformed causing an excessive amount of stigma. Addiction leaves patients having to manage the pain and suffering of not being in control of their own bodies without much guidance of healthcare personnel. However, patients would not have to persevere through addition consequences of addiction if professionals – especially pharmacists – had enhanced education of addiction which would possibly alleviate
For starters, Hari discusses how society over the years has made misconceptions about addiction, because of this addicts have been wrongfully treated, and blame was placed incorrectly. The author goes on to explain two different stories; both being well known about the prescription drug crisis. One being the fact that even the most powerful drugs such as diamorphine hasn’t caused addiction (Hari). In fact, that didn’t make sense to Hari on how powerful drugs were used in extreme medical cases and through prolonged use none became addicted. This is one of the misconceptions about addiction. What Hari and his findings concluded about addiction is that addiction doesn’t come from drug hooks, more so the root of addiction is depression and disconnection. “The Canadian physician Gabor Maté argues in his book “In the Realm of Hungry Ghosts” that studies examining the medicinal use of narcotics for pain relief find no significant risk of addiction” (Hari). This being said, what we thought we knew about addiction isn’t correct. During the Gin Craze back in the 18th century an enormous amount of people was driven out of their everyday lives to urban slums, which through all their distressed caused them to drink their selves to death. Even if Gin wasn’t around, they would have found something else to ease the pain of everyday life. But there
“But addiction is another one of those words— dismissive, full of judgment, too encompassing—and while that is to some extent on the mark, a cautionary on many levels” (pg. 8). This section directly relates to the taboo recreation idea of addiction and is one of the reason drugs are considered taboo. Unlike other forms of leisure drugs can affect your body in such a way that you need them and without them you will experience withdrawals. Because of the physiological effects many drugs are illegal and so are a form of formal disobedience.
Opiate addiction is much different than that of other substances that are abused and can cause addiction. Opiate addiction is a serious problem in our country and will become an even bigger problem in the years ahead. The persistent use of opiates and is thought to be a disorder of the central nervous system. Though opiate painkillers are prescribed by physicians, opiate addiction is an insidious medical disease. But since opiate addiction is far more than a behavior problem, treatment requires more than just therapy.
Before the Twentieth Century, Heroin was actually widely available and marketed by Bayer, and Aspirin Company. This deadly substance can be injected, snorted, or smoked. After the consumption of this substance, it enters the brain very quickly. Health risks of this Opioid include: high risks of infections such as HIV/AIDS, collapsed veins (making treatment very difficult), infection in the heart lining and valves, liver disease, and can be fatal if the overdose is substantial enough. Psychological effects are: Confusion, drowsiness, blocked pain messages, slowed breathing, nausea, and itching. The long term effects of Heroin result in: Addiction, insomnia, and arthritis. Symptoms of a Heroin overdose or near overdose are as follows: Loss of consciousness, tremors, clammy skin, and convulsions.
Long-term meth use can result in chemical changes in the brain which may cause, among other things, anxiety, confusion, insomnia, mood disturbances, violent behaviors, psychosis, such as paranoia, visual and auditory hallucinations, and delusions. These affects may or may not be permanent, even if meth use is discontinued. Another reason that meth is so dangerous is due to the ease of production. The production of meth does not require sophisticated equipment or ingredients. Most of the ingredients necessary to create meth can be bought relatively inexpensively at local stores. Furthermore, it is now common to make labs in small, clandestine
Methamphetamine is a drug that should not be played with like any other prescribed or illegal drugs. Methamphetamine has it positive and negative effects on the human body. The amount of methamphetamine a person uses is very important. Once you start to abuse the drug, it will take a negative toll on your body. There are many ways Methamphetamine can be taken to, enter the human body.
Opioids are a category of pain medications that reduce the stimulus of pain signals sent from the brain. Within this category are medications such as hydrocodone, oxycodone, morphine, codeine, and other similar drugs. These medications are used to treat mild to severe pain depending on dosages and type of opioid given. With the reduced perception of pain also comes a plethora of unpleasant symptoms such as drowsiness, mental confusion, nausea, constipation, and, depending upon the amount of drug taken, can depress respiration. However, many experience a euphoric experience after administration that drives them to abuse opioids. This abuse leads to addiction or overdose which
3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine better known as MDMA or by its street name of ecstasy or Molly is a man-made, psychoactive drug that is mainly used now days by young “ravers” to get high and have hallucinogen effects. It makes one feel that they have increased energy, exhilaration and emotional warmth. This drug highly distortions ones senses and time perception. Today I will demonstration to you the effects that MDMA have on ones Neurophysiology, behavior and how greatly harmful it may be on ones body.
Crystal meth, Its real name is Methamphetamine. It has other nicknames for crystal meth is whizz,ice,and ice. Crystal meth is a white crystal drug. It can be sniffed injected and smoked.
Cannabis is one of the most frequent drug of abuse among adolescents. The main active chemical in marijuana is tetrahydrocannabinol, otherwise known as THC. Aside from also containing over 400 other chemicals, the strength of the drug and its effect is measured by the amount of THC contained in the psychoactive drug. Frequent users can describe the use of cannabis as a “mild euphoric feeling” and “sense of wellbeing.” However, in some individuals, frequent use can cause consequences and in fact, have a reverse experience with cannabis that may lead users to develop psychotic symptoms. The notion of developing psychotic symptoms, is what persuades many to believe that cannabis may play a factor in increasing the risk of developing schizophrenia - due to its effects of an individuals mental state when the drug is presented in their system.
Across the world abusing prescription drugs causes more deaths than street drugs do combined (“International Statistics”). Prescription drugs are so easy to get ahold of and so easy to get addicted to. The misuse of prescription drugs have gotten out of hand. These drugs can cause unintentional overdoses easily. The misuse of prescription drugs can lead to addiction, affect the health of users in a dramatic way, and even cause death.
If a parent has a drug addiction then the child is more likely to have a drug addiction because the parent had it while during the child’s process. Drug addiction is a compulsive drive to take drugs in defiance of them being potentially serious or having a dangerous consequence. Recent studies have shown that it is not simply a choice whether or not we become a drug addict, it also involves many genetic and environmental factors. When a woman is pregnant, a baby is growing inside of her. If the woman uses drugs while she is going through the child’s birthing process, the drugs can pass onto the child. A child’s mother who has used alcohol and drugs while they were pregnant, sometimes the child might need special medical care all their lives and some might not be able to live on their own when they grow up.
Addiction is the reliance on a routine. There are many addictive stages. Addiction, as it comes along, becomes a way of life. The persistent use of the substance causes to the user serious physical or psychological problems and dysfunctions in major areas of his or her life. The drug user continues to use substances and the compulsive behavior despite the harmful consequences, and tries to systematically avoid responsibility and reality, while he or she tends to isolate himself/herself from others because of guilt and pain (Angres, & Bettinardi-Angres, 2008). All these characteristics led to the conclusion that drug addiction is a chronic, relapsing brain disease that is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use. It is considered as a brain disease because drugs change the structure of the brain, and how it works. Every drug affects different systems of the brain. For example, in the case of cocaine, as the brain is adapted in the presence of the specific drug, brain regions responsible for judgment, decision-making, learning, and memory begin to physically change, making certain behaviors “hard-wired.” In some brain regions, connections between neurons are pruned back. In others, neurons form more connections. (Martin, 2000) These brain changes can be long-lasting and can lead to the harmful behaviors seen in people who abuse drugs.
Substance abuse is a form of substance-related disorder. It refers to the harmful or hazardous use of substances that affects almost every community, including alcohol, tobacco and legal or illegal drugs. Drug abuse is one of the most commonly substance abuse in teenagers. It is a disease that is defined as a destructive pattern of using drugs that can cause significant problems or distress. The most commonly abused drugs among them are marijuana, cocaine, heroin and hallucinogens. Drug abuse is caused by psychological, genetic as well as environmental factors and can have significant damaging effects on health.