Muckrakers played an important role in reforming and creating massive change during the nineteenth century. Extreme tabloid journalism was the norm during the nineteenth century. Facts seemed lost and reporters wrote sensational articles in order to sell newspapers. One reporter however broke the norms, Ida. M. Tarbell. She was not only female in a male dominated field; her honesty and integrity were recognized, The United States had a boom in capitalism and businesses thrived in the late 19th century, however, corruption was rampant. Ida M. Tarbell not only broke gender roles she exposed the corruption of Standard Oil; the result was new government regulations.
Ida Tarbell became one of the most influential muckrakers of the Gilded age. Ida Tarbell was born in 1857 in western Pennsylvania 's oil region. Her town of Titusville and encompassing territories in the oil river valley had been created into a prosperous industry.Then suddenly this town received a detrimental blow. That blow originated from the South Improvement Company, an enterprise established in 1871 and generally viewed as an exertion by Rockefeller and Standard Oil in Ohio to control the oil and gas ventures in that district.The three top railroads that ran through Cleveland agreed to raise their shipping fees while paying rebates to Rockefeller .Small oil refiners were hurt from these brutal tactics and Ida decided to write “ The History Of Standard Oil Company” which exposed these harsh business practices
By the early 20th century, millions of Americans were engaged in oil-related industries; this increased employment. Rockefeller saw the vast potential of the industry, as he described: “We saw the vast possibilities of the oil industry, stood at the center of it, and brought our knowledge and imagination and business experience to bear in a dozen, in twenty, in thirty directions.” Much of Rockefeller’s whole life was characterized by various business-related controversies for his aggressive expanding desire but by the later parts of his life he became to be remembered as a philanthropist for his charitable efforts. The overall image of Rockefeller had varied significantly depending on who he was viewed, for example, his ex-competitors, politicians and critical biographizes.
John D. Rockefeller was the founder of the Standard Oil Company and became one of the wealthiest men of his time. His company was the major leader of the oil business in the United States during his reign. Standard Oil company served as a prime example of how companies should function, which helped to guide others to follow in his footsteps. He was a major philanthropist and used his large fortune to fund many philanthropic causes. His donations helped pay for the creations of the University of Chicago, the Rockefeller University, the establishment of Central Philippine University, and many others.
John D. Rockefeller was an American businessman and philanthropist. He was born on a farm in New York-but moved to Cleveland, Ohio during the late 1850s where he became a successful businessman. As the years went by” he began to notice the oil industry” and he became interested. He lived in Cleveland which became a regional hub
Harriet Tubman mostly known for her abolitionist work was a very influential woman that saved many slaves’ lives. She was born into slavery with siblings and parents by her side. She died on March 10, 1913, but is still remembered for all of her work. Harriet Tubman had a hard life in slavery, worked in the Civil War, rescued slaves, worked on the underground railroad and can be compared to Nat Turner who also lived in the period of time when there was slavery. First off, Harriet Tubman was a slave that suffered many beatings and punishments for her actions that would cause her to have seizures in her later life.
Ida Tarbell was an American muckraker(reformed American journalist)whose father had been put out of the oil business by Rockefeller. Tarbell later gained fame from exposing some of the wrongdoings J.D. Rockefeller performed. Tarbell using powerful journalism and wrote a 19-part series in McClure’s magazine brought down the Standard Oil Company’s monopoly. One could argue that Rockefeller was in fact a Captain of Industry instead of a Robber Baron. This can be argued because he did show characteristics of philanthropy by donating millions for education,charities, and the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research.
Rockefeller, was a ruthless oil company that achieved its monopoly through aggressive and often illegal business practices. The company frequently purchased competitors, undercutted prices, and made shady deals with the railroads for their monopoly to succeed. Ida Tarbell, an American teacher. Author, and journalist, being personally affected by the Standard Oil Company was picked by her at the time job, McClure’s Magazine to investigate about the company. Her article, “History of Standard Oil Company, raised public awareness of Rockefeller’s ruthless monopoly.
John D. Rockefeller was called a robber baron because many people believed he used unethical business practices to amass his extraordinary wealth. One of the most known was his practice of demanding rebates from railroads. Because Standard Oil shipped such large amounts of oil by rail, Rockefeller insisted that the railroads offer him rebates, or a discounted rate. This policy gave Standard
She used women’s current social standing as dutiful mothers to propel her argument for state funded education to include women’s learning. She opened the Troy Female Seminary where she created a similar curriculum for women as was being taught to men at that time. Even though she was trying to create an equal environment for learning, she also added in needlework classes “to reassure parents and the public generally that she did not intend for women to renounce their own station” (106-107). Another supporter was the daughter of well-known minister, Catherine Beecher. A strong advocate for feminizing the occupation of teaching, she believed that women were the intellectual equals of men.
Sandra was born in Chicago, Illinois to a Mexican Family. She was the only girl in her family among several brothers, and a very rebellious one at that. She became feminist, and she makes it very clear in her writing. Her published works are very “independent woman” oriented. She writes about the image of women and how they should be able to do everything that men can.
Rockefeller’s career in business started at the very bottom of the ladder, clerking in a commission house. He worked in the commission house for three and a half years before quitting to start a business transporting various goods for companies. Rockefeller’s company had the good fortune of opening right before the start of the civil war and “due to his hard work and wise decision making,” he gained a decent fortune transporting agricultural goods. After the war he speculated that there was nothing more to be gained from the cargo transporting business, so he took a risk and invested in the first of his oil refineries in 1865. In the first year Rockefeller’s refinery was double the amount of any other refinery in Cleveland and in 1868 he was running the largest oil refining company in the world.
During the Progressive Era in America there was a group of journalist called muckrakers that expose the corrupt industries such as Standard Oil. One muckraker, named Ida Tarbell, targeted Rockefeller and his company. She was the author of the book“The History of Standard Oil”, which brought to light the corrupt ways of business. The president that was appointed to office after the death of Mckinley was Theodore Roosevelt, who found the book written by Ida Tarbell quite interesting. Theodor put Standard Oil under heavy investigations and took Rockefeller to trail.
Undoubtedly, Harriet Tubman was the most influential abolitionist of the early to mid-1800s. Born a slave in 1820, Tubman escaped her plantation in 1849, and returned 19 times to rescue over 300 enslaved people. Tubman was called “Black Moses” because she, like Moses of the Old Testament, led her people out of persecution and into freedom. She had narcolepsy (a mental disorder that causes one to fall asleep randomly) but still served as a nurse, a scout, and a spy for the Union during the Civil War.